Shabbat Bible Study for 27 October 2018

Shabbat Bible Study for 27 October 2018

©2018 Mark Pitrone and Fulfilling Torah Ministries

Year 3 – Shabbat 25

Devarim 12.20 – 15.6, Yirem’Yahu 23. 9-22, Tehellim 130, Mattityahu 7.15-27

Links:

http://rcg.org/questions/p130.a.html

http://bible.cc/exodus/23-19.htm

Devarim 12.20 – The context has us eating in Yerushalayim in Y’hovah’s presence. Y’hovah gives us permission to eat flesh foods. V.20 seems to give carte blanche to eat any kind of flesh you choose. But v.21 sets bounds on this permission. “… thou shalt kill of thy herd and of thy flock…” That is sheep or cattle, not pigs or dogs or cats. Clean animals are what he allows. We may eat them in OUR gates. If we are remote from Yerushalayim, we can also eat our flesh foods in our own towns and houses. It need not be offered at Yerushalayim. But if we do, we MUST pour out the blood on the ground. There is no change in dietary requirements here – all the kosher instructions still apply. Where it says the clean and the unclean, it means that the people who eat it may be clean or unclean, not that the food may be either clean or unclean. IOW, you may have a goy over for dinner.

The ‘holy things’ in v.26 refers to those things that we have set aside, or been commanded to set aside as offerings to Y’hovah. These had to be taken to Yerushalayim to be offered at one of the presentation feasts. The blood in these cases is poured out on the Altar of Burnt Offering in the Mishkan or the Temple – nowhere else. ALL REQUIRED OFFERINGS for sin or as a part of the required oblations are to be done in the place Y’hovah has placed his name. If we live far from Yerushalayim, we may offer our freewill offerings on a family altar. 

In our cases, today, we no longer offer blood offerings, since Yeshua has fulfilled all blood offerings on his tree

16 This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith Y’hovah, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them; 17 And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more. 18 Now where remission of these [sins and iniquities remitted] no more offering for sin. 19 Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Yeshua, 20 By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh; 21 And an high priest over the house of God; 22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water. 23 Let us hold fast the profession of faith without wavering; (for he is faithful that promised;) 24 And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works: 25 Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some; but exhorting  and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching. 26 For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, 27 But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries. 28 He that despised Moses’ law died without mercy under two or three witnesses: 29 Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace? (Heb.10.16-29)

The willful sin in this passage was for a Levite to offer blood on the Altar in Yerushalayim AFTER coming to certain knowledge of the truth that Yeshua had fulfilled the atonement, which was Sha’ul’s [or his Talmid’s] REASON for writing Hebrews – he was warning believing Levites who were considering returning to the Temple atonement system and essentially trampling Yeshua’s blood, thereby. 

We are NOW to offer our own bodies as a LIVING SACRIFICE, which is our REASON-able service.

1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, your reasonable service. 2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God. (Rom.12.1-2)

Vv.29-32 (and most of the portion for today) deal with syncretism, the attempt or tendency to combine or reconcile differing beliefs. A believer who keeps a pagan holiday as unto Y’hovah is a perfect example – Easter or Xmas being great examples of Xian syncretism. Jeroboam’s entire religious structure for Beit Ephraim Israel was syncretistic. These verses at the end of ch.12 prohibit doing anything the pagans do as unto Y’hovah. He calls these practices ‘abomination’, and there is no more condemnatory term that crosses Y’hovah’s lips. We are to do as we are told and not add to or diminish from our orders. Do we live up to this? Do we not add to or diminish from his Word every day in one way or another? I do, though not intentionally, and I’ll bet you do, too. And making that bet is not a sin, since it is not gambling, but a relatively sure thing. 

Abortion is an offering to a pagan god, according to v.31. It is abomination to Y’hovah. The 46th anniversary of the Supremes’ decision on Roe v. Wade is this coming January 22nd, which means the 40 years of probation were complete on January 21, 2013 – inauguration day. Talk about “a fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation”! All bets are off for America as we’re well beyond the 40 year probation. HOWEVER, Y’hovah sometimes witholds judgment in his foreknowledge of near-future events. Justice Kavanaugh was just this week sworn into office on the Supreme Court after a BITTER confirmation hearing process. THIS may be the reason the US is not toast just yet. Perhaps the Court will hear a case that will overturn the abomination of Roe v. Wade in one fell swoop. Q&C

Devarim 13 – Here we are told that if a prophet or dreamer gives a prophecy to walk contrary to Y’hovah’s Word, even if he validates it with truly miraculous acts, don’t follow him. Signs, wonders and dreams are a hallmark of satanic religion. We need to ask ourselves, “What is the motivation of the prophet? What does he want of the audience? Does it line up with the Word? Does the sign, wonder or dream exalt Y’hovah? Or does it exalt the dreamer-prophet? Does the prophet want you to do what Yah has forbidden? Or not do what he’s commanded? Does he want you to eat catfish? Profane the Shabbat? Keep C & E and Halloween?

It is a test from Y’hovah, to see if you’ll test the spirits of the prophets. 

Beloved, believe not every ruach, but try the ruachot whether they are of Eloah: because many false nevi’im are gone out into the world. [2] Hereby know ye the Ruach of Eloah: Every Ruach that confesseth that Yeshua haMashiyach is come in the flesh is of Eloah: [3] And every ruach that confesseth not that Yeshua haMashiyach is come in the flesh is not of Eloah: and this is that ruach of antiMashiyach, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world. [1John 4:1-3]

This doesn’t say that the spirit will deny that Yeshua is Y’hovah, but that it denies the humanity of Yeshua. This is a reference to the Gnostic heresy that a fleshly body would defile the Spirit of Y’hovah. How a created thing (flesh) could defile Y’hovah himself is beyond me. He is ultimately holy, and cannot be defiled. If he could be defiled by contact with sinful flesh, then he cannot indwell you or me or even our fellowship in his Torah. To the Gnostics, flesh was equated to sin. Here’s what W1828 says about 

GNOS’TIC, n.  nostic. [L. gnosticus; Gr. to know.]

The Gnostics were a sect of philosophers that arose in the first ages of Xianity, who pretended they were the only men who had a true knowledge of the Xian religion. They formed for themselves a system of theology, agreeable to the philosophy of Pythagoras and Plato, to which they accommodated their interpretations of scripture. They held that all natures, intelligible, intellectual and material, are derived by successive emanations from the infinite fountain of deity. These emanations they called oeons.

Y’hovah commands that we put that false prophet to death. Remember that the passage’s context has us in our own land, not in exile. He is very serious about keeping us from idols and idolatry, which is ‘spiritual adultery’. 

Vv.6–11 make the same pronouncements about our siblings and friends. If anyone comes to you while in exile to entice you to follow after other elohims, raise the alarm among the brethren and get that one out of your congregation. When we are baAretz, in the land, in the Kingdom we will fulfill these scriptures to the letter. We will stone the blasphemer and the false brother. If it is a near kin, it will be a mercy for you to throw the first stone, for you will aim to make his pain less by killing or rendering him unconscious immediately. The point of the severity of this judgment is to deter the same crime in Yisrael (v.11). This will be done in the Kingdom. It will be another reason haSatan will use to entice the ‘for show’ Sukkoth-keepers in the quick gathering of the Gog uMagog rebellion at the end of the Messianic Era (Rev.20.8-10). 

Vv.12–18 tell us how to address allegations of idolatry that come to our knowledge. We are to diligently seek the truth. If the allegations are true we are to treat it the same as the others, stone them to death, and burn all their possessions to keep Yisrael clean. This is essentially what Yisrael was to do in Yir’cho as they came into Canaan. Notice the admonition to not let any of the booty ‘cleave to thine hand.’ The incident at Ai was an example of what could happen if even one of you despised this instruction. This MAY BE an illustration of what will come down in Washington, D.C., if Roe v. Wade isn’t overturned. After offering over 100 million babies on the Tophet altar to Molech and Ishtar, a fiery judgment from Y’hovah would be fitting. If you want Y’hovah’s blessing, you need to heed his admonitions to put false religious systems out of your life. They will influence you, even if you try to insulate yourself from them. Q&C

Dev.14 – Don’t cut yourselves; don’t shave that unibrow. You’re SUPPOSED to be peculiar. That’s what holy means – set apart, different from everyone else, PECULIAR! In that vein, we are to eat only clean flesh foods – no abominable things. We can eat a lot of stuff, so the commandment is NOT onerous. In 12.15 we saw a blessing for eating clean foods. Here in v.4 – 20 we are made aware of exactly WHAT is clean, and what is not. V.21 shows us the reason the people died after eating the quails (Num11.31-34) – they were not to eat what died of itself. That is a good way to contract a dread disease. The people died because they lusted so for flesh that when it came to them they didn’t follow the laws of clean/unclean and eschew that which had died of itself. I also think from the tenor of the passage that they died because they ate the flesh w/o pouring out the blood. 

The last bit of v.21 seems to be an, “Oh, by the way …”, because seething a kid in his mother’s milk doesn’t seem to fit in the passage. It would be OK to eat a kid or it’s mother, as they are both clean to eat and that is the general tenor of the passage. I think it is here to bring the ‘set-apartness/peculiarity’ of Y’hovah’s people in their clean food full circle. We are not only to eat ONLY that which Y’hovah declares clean. We are also to ensure it is done in a set-apart manner. If we go back to the last 4 verses of last week’s portion, we can see what I’m talking about

29 When Y’hovah Elohecha shall cut off the nations from before thee, whither thou goest to possess them, and thou succeedest them, and dwellest in their land; 30 Take heed to thyself that thou be not snared by following them, after that they be destroyed from before thee; and that thou enquire not after their gods, saying, How did these nations serve their gods? even so will I do likewise. 31 Thou shalt not do so unto Y’hovah Elohecha: for every abomination to Y’hovah, which he hateth, have they done unto their gods; for even their sons and their daughters they have burnt in the fire to their gods. 32 What thing soever I command you, observe to do it: thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it. (Deut.12.29-32)

Seething a kid in his mother’s milk was a pagan Canaanite practice, they believing that sprinkling the resulting liquid on their fields would appease their gods and ensure a good crop. 

Clarke’s Commentary explains,

“It was a custom of the ancient heathens, when they had gathered in all their fruits, to take a kid and boil it in the milk of its dam; and then, in a magical way, to go about and besprinkle with it all their trees and fields, gardens and orchards; thinking by these means to make them fruitful, that they might bring forth more abundantly in the following year.”

From Gill’s Exposition, as quoted at http://bible.cc/exodus/23-19.htm 

Maimonides and Abarbinel both suppose it was an idolatrous rite, but are not able to produce an instance of it out of any writer of theirs or others: but Dr. Cudworth has produced a passage out of a Karaite author (i), who affirms, “it was a custom of the Heathens at the ingathering of their fruits to take a kid and seethe it in the milk of the dam, and then, in a magical way, go about and besprinkle all their trees, fields, gardens, and orchards, thinking by this means they should make them fructify, and bring forth fruit again more abundantly the next year:” and the Targum of Jonathan on Exodus 34:26 seems to have respect to this, where, having paraphrased the words as here quoted above, adds, “lest I should destroy the fruit of your trees with the unripe grape, the shoots and leaves together:” and if this may be depended upon, the law comes in here very aptly, after the feast of ingathering, and the bringing in the first fruits of the land into the Lord’s house.

Respected commentators of both Yehudi and Xian tradition show the pagan nature of this practice and Devarim 12.29-32 explains why. I think I’ll get a cheeseburger.

Vv.22ff deal with the tithe. PLEASE notice that this tithe and its purpose is given in juxtaposition to the heathen practice that Y’hovah condemned in v.21 (for the 3rd time; Ex.23.19 is a requirement of the Covenant, 34.26 restates this part of the Covenant AFTER the transgression, which was to bow to the Egyptian gods Apis and Hathor; were they mother and calf?). We bring the tithe so that the NEXT harvest will be at LEAST as plentiful as THIS harvest! Why did the heathen seethe their kids in their mother’s milk? 

The tithe is on the increase – the net, not the gross income. In an agrarian society, the increase is that which remained after all the expenses were paid. In today’s society, it means that which is yours after YOUR expenses. These include taxes, medical, household, etc. expenses. About ‘income’, W1828 says 

“the profits of commerce or of occupation; the interest of money or stock in funds.”

But about ‘increase’ it says, 

“1.  Increment; profit; interest; that which is added to the original stock.” 

NOT what you trade for labour, (pay from a job), but what you get as return from investments. Tithes were to be brought in kind, the increase of your flocks or grain. If you lived a great distance from Yerushalayim, you could sell your grain or livestock and carry current money and then purchase what you needed to celebrate before Y’hovah at the Feast. 

Once again there seems to be a carte blanche in v.26 on what we may eat at the Feasts until we read the details. It says, ‘whatsoever thy soul lusteth after’, but then goes on to elaborate, ‘oxen, sheep, wine, strong drink.’ It seems kind of silly to think that Y’hovah would lay down laws about what we may eat and then allow us to break his law right in his face, doesn’t it? But on Easter Sunday (a non-Torah celebration) we’re supposed to celebrate Y’hovah Yeshua’s resurrection with a pig? Seems unlikely to me. I COULD be wrong … but I DOUBT it. 

Vv.27-29 deal with our obligation before Y’hovah concerning the Levite within our gates. We are to provide for his enjoyment of the Feasts – all of them. We are to lay up our entire tithe every 3rd year for the purpose of providing the needs of the Levites, widows, orphans and strangers that live within our gates. 

I think that this has a very great bearing on the passage in 1Cor.11.17-34, which deals with the ‘love feast’, where many Corinthians were providing for their own enjoyment and nourishment, but not providing for the needs of the poor among them (v.21). Now, I doubt that many from Corinth made the trip 3 times a year to Yerushalayim, so this was probably done with the kahal in Corinth. I think that the reason many ‘slept’ among them is that they starved in the midst of their brethren’s plenty. The example Sha’ul gives is of the Pesach Feast, but I think it could apply to any of Y’hovah’s presentation feasts – or even Shabbat onegs. While this has been seen historically in the church as the ‘unworthy’ dying before his time, it can be read as the ‘unworthy’ being the cause of another’s untimely death, the operative verses being  

21 For in eating every one taketh before other his own supper: and one is hungry, and another is drunken. 

29 For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning Y’hovah’s body. [30] For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep. [1Cor.11:21, 29-30]

Y’hovah’s body is the kahal, is it not? See the juxtaposition of hungry and drunken? If we eat until we are gluttonously stuffed, like a man drinks until he’s drunk, and care not a whit about our brother who is starving or thirsty, have we not filled this passage full? Drunkenness here speaks of overindulgence in general, I think. I’d love to see this in the original Hebrew, as I think it would support me here. Again, I COULD be wrong … but I DOUBT it. I think this was plain to Sha’ul and the Corinthians, but today has become ‘sod’, due to centuries of bad, dispensational interpretation.  Q&C

Dev.15.1 – 6 – This passage deals with the sabbatical year of release to Hebrew servants. This was NOT intended to be the norm in Yisrael. The norm is seen in v.6. But it could happen that a Hebrew could walk contrary to Y’hovah’s halacha and be reproved with loss of freedom and property. It was Y’hovah’s intention that chol Yisrael be the head and not the tail. If they would diligently hearken to his Torah it would be hard to find even a stranger or a pagan in need – THAT’S how much Y’hovah would bless their obedience. I preach to myself, now, so don’t take this personally. If we are in debt, we are NOT following Y’hovah’s halacha as he commands. We need to examine ourselves, see where we are NOT in compliance with his revealed will – Torah, Nevi’im, Kethuvim and B’rit Chadashah. When we find a place where we are in sin, we need to repent and resolve to obey. Then we need to resolve to get out of debt, so we are free to obey him when he commands us to ‘GO!’ Q&C

Yirem’Yahu 23.9-22 – Sorrow and bitterness (lamentation) have overtaken the prophet because of the hearts of the other prophets and priests of Y’hovah in Yerushalayim. The whole land is full of adulterers and idolaters (same thing) and they seem to have gone over to the ‘dark side’ in v.10. The prophet and the priest are profaning the House of Y’hovah, as the pastors and teachers are profaning Y’hovah’s kahal today. Not all, but most. As it was in Jerry’s day, so it is today. Biblical history = prophecy of the end of days. Since the willfully blind are leading the willfully blind, Yah sends another obstacle for them – he makes their soles wet and the paths slick, so they’ll fall down in the mud. They are working hard to take part in their paganism, and Yah makes it hard for them, but they press on toward the mark of the low calling of the shadim. Their reward from Y’hovah for their vigilance to follow the devils is to send them into exile. 

The false prophets are telling the people who think Y’hovah is nothing that Y’hovah will still bless them. KJV says they despise Y’hovah (v.17). Despise = to hold in contempt, to think of no worth, useless and powerless. These people obviously think they are going after Y’hovah or they would not be interested in the prophet’s promise of his blessing. They have fallen into syncretism without even knowing it because their watchmen are not warning them of it. Because the prophets and priests are every bit as guilty, and in fact are the cause of the people going after strange elohims, they get to drink the preparation for the adulterous woman in Dev.24.

Y’hovah warns the people once again not to listen to the false prophets, but they want to have their sin and their blessing too. Reminds me of that verse from Keith Green, 

Bless me Lord, bless me Lord, you know that’s all I ever hear.

Noone aches, noone hurts, noone even sheds one tear.

But He cries, he weeps, he bleeds,

And he cares for your needs.

But you just lay back and keep soaking it in.

Oh, can’t you see it’s such sin?!

Unfortunately, we can’t, because our preachers keep telling us we don’t have to keep Torah. It’s been done away, don’t you know? Nailed to the tree with Yeshua. Noone is listening for Y’hovah’s counsel. None perceives his Word. 

Does v.19 sound like what happened in New Orleans in August of 2005, or on the East Coast in 2012 or in So. Carolina in 2015? Remarkable. Do you suppose that this is written for us today? V.20 comes right out and says so! He is telling us that the prophets who call themselves prophets and do not warn the people, but bless them, are not His prophets – he didn’t send them. These self-proclaimed prophets are going to receive the reward for their neglect of the prophet’s duty – to be a watchman, to warn the people of their impending judgment and need of repentance. There ARE a number of faithful watchmen performing their duty to Y’hovah and his kahal today. But their voice is like Ruach’s against the din of the world’s system: still and small. 

I’ve said some things today that could be misconstrued by wicked men as inflammatory to treason and riot. All I’ve done is observe trends and connect dots. I have not prophesied in the foretelling sense, nor urged anyone to illegality or unlawful acts, but evil men may twist my meaning to say what they need to make themselves look righteous in their tyranny, either personal or general. May Y’hovah destroy the evil intents of their god’s wicked heart. Q&C

Tehellim 130 – Why does it take us being in the depths before we recognize our need and call on Y’hovah for his deliverance? Fortunately, Y’hovah does not hold the confessed and forgiven sins of his children against them – he doesn’t mark their iniquities. Did he, none could stand before him. The reason he forgives is so we will fear him. To fear Y’hovah is the opposite of despising him. When we fear him, we consider him and his ways in all we do. When we despise him, we don’t ever think of him and what he commands. 

When we enter the ‘darkness’ part of the day of Y’hovah (in the next few weeks, maybe?), we will be diligently watching for the morning, watching for the morning. David’s soul was after Y’hovah more than that. It is in the morning that Y’hovah will deliver us from our iniquities and mercifully redeem us, Ephraim and Yehuda, from exile.  Q&C

Mattityahu 7.15-27 – Wolves in sheep’s clothing, false prophets, is what the Torah and Haftarah were about today. Notice please, that we are to check the fruit of the prophets. We are not told to check the fruit of every brother. The reason for this is that the prophet will influence groups of people, not just himself and his immediate acquaintances. As we saw in our portions from YirmeYahu and Tehellim today, the false prophets tell us that we can walk in Torahlessness and still be blessed of Y’hovah, and then David alludes to these same false prophets as they who “watch for the morning, watch for the morning.” I take that to mean that they are looking to the Kingdom and olam haba, but are missing the evil days that we will have to endure to get there: they tickle itching ears, telling people who will rely on their word instead of Y’hovah’s more sure Word of prophecy, that they will escape the calamity that’s coming. If a prophet says he’s a good tree, but all you get from him is this kind of bracken, you have a pretty good idea that he’s a liar and not a prophet from Y’hovah. A prophet brings warning of calamity to come so that Y’hovah’s people will be ready for it. This doesn’t take a lot of discernment, just attention to detail. 

The false prophet has broken the 3rd commandment, taking Y’hovah’s Name in vain. The parable in vv.21-23 is speaking directly to the false prophet’s audience. If a prophet says, “Y’hovah has told me such and so will happen”, watch to see if what he says happens. If it doesn’t, you know. V.21 says that those who say they prophesy in Y’hovah’s Name are not necessarily true prophets. Yeshua says, “I never knew you. Depart from me, ye who work iniquity.” Iniquity = Torahlessness. If a prophet tells you that you can do as you please w/Y’hovah’s Word and still get Y’hovah’s blessing, he’s a liar and a false prophet. 

Vv.24-27 are the parable of the houses built on a deep, bedrock foundation or on sand. This is also an illustration of houses built by prophets of Y’hovah and false prophets. It is up to us to decide whom to follow and on what we build. If we hear Torah (in its most general sense – all of scripture) and do it, we are building on the rock – and that Rock is Messiah.  But if we know to do right and we do it not, we will not withstand the evil day. 

This parable is just more evidence of the folly of the pre-trib rapture. Why build on rock if I don’t need to worry about the tribulation to come, which is likened to the storm. Yeshua is telling the kahal/ecclesia that they are in for a fall of momentous proportion. The NAE president who  ‘fell’ a few years ago is yet another wake-up for the kahal. Here’s hoping it does its job. I think the majority of Xianity slept through the alarm.

Here’s my commentary for all these verses from my study on “The Life of Yeshua haMashiyach”. This may repeat a bit. If it seems REALLY familiar, you must have been with us last week, when we discussed the SoM of which these verses are a part.

Matthew 7:15-17, “Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves. 16Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? 17Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit.”

The interpretation here is pretty straightforward. We are to be on the lookout to keep false prophets out of our midst. And we’ll know a false prophet by the outcome of their prophecy. Is it true? Did it happen the way he said it would? Does it fit the character of the Creator Elohim of the universe?  If not, stone them without the gates. 

This does not apply simply to foretelling or predictive prophecy. It also deals with forth-telling or expository prophecy. Is the word from the pulpit (or that guy on the mic who keeps spouting off) in accord with the word of Elohim and the character of Elohim? What kind of fruit do you see in the preacher’s life? Does it meet the test of 1Jn.4.1? How about in your own life? Do you compare scripture with scripture, things spiritual with things spiritual? Or do you look for a scripture that can be twisted to say what you want it to say and support your lusts thereby? Are you a false prophet? What saith your fruit?

We have been warned that antiMashiyachs are all over the place. They had already crept into the assemblies in Yochanan’s day. How much more prevalent must they be today, so far removed in time from the source? Stay in the true Word of Elohim so you’ll know a counterfeit when he shows his ugly face. Try the spirit of the prophet and the spirit behind his teaching. If it doesn’t stand the sniff test, if something smells rotten, beware. If it doesn’t stand the comparison test, rebuke that spirit and get it out of your life. Then warn as many as will hear you.

Matthew 7:18-20, “A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. 19Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. 20Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them.”

If you are rooted in the Word of Elohim, sustained by the Root of Jesse (Is.11.10), abiding in the vine (Jn.15.1-7), you will produce fruit to the Kingdom of Elohim. Notice that in Jn.15.2, there are those branches that are in the vine, but do not bear fruit. These the Father takes away. They are suckers, they drain the life from the vine and don’t add anything to it. This is what is removed in the purging. Notice that it does not say that what is purged is cast away, gathered up and burnt. It says that what does not abide in him is cast away and gathered by men and burned. You can be a Xian, in Mashiyach, but not a disciple of Yeshua. There are many of these, especially in these last Laodicean days. The time will come when these will be removed and put where they can no longer drain the vitality from the vine and the good branches. But since they are in Mashiyach, they will not be cast away. They will spend eternity with Mashiyach without reward. Inheritance is what we get because we are adopted children. Rewards are what we get for our service in Mashiyach. All who are in Mashiyach will inherit eternal life. Only those who abide in Mashiyach will receive rewards. What does your fruit look like? Do you have any? 

What does a tree in scripture symbolize? Trees are nations. The olive tree signifies Yisrael in belief. The fig tree symbolizes Yisrael in unbelief. If the tree bears no fruit, it is cut down and thrown into the fire. That refers to a nation. Individuals are seen in Jn.15, nations in Mat.7. Do not confuse them, or you will hold to false doctrine. An individual is adopted. A nation is a group of individuals. That nation whose Elohim is Y’hovah is blessed (Ps.33.12). That is why America was blessed for so long, and why she is being cut down to be thrown into the fire now. She, as a nation, has forgotten Y’hovah, though there are still many individuals who serve him. They will be rewarded, but the nation will soon be plucked up and removed, unless a true revival happens by Elohim’s mercy and grace. I would have revival, but I think that America’s vial is almost full (Rev.15.7-8). 

Matthew 7:21-23, “Not every one that saith unto me, Master, Master, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven. 22Many will say to me in that day, Master, Master, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works? 23And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.”

Don’t just say that you are saved; be sure of it. False prophets and false professors will get the same inheritance – death. Your faith does not depend on your emotions, how you feel at the moment, or any work of righteousness you perform, or a sinless life. If it did, you would need to be saved hundreds of times a day. In fact, it is not even your faith that saves you, but the faith of Y’hovah Yeshua haMashiyach (Gal.2.16, Rev.14.12). Just because a person says, “I am a blood-bought, spirit-filled, prophet of Elohim and I perform all sorts of miracles” doesn’t make it true. What did Yeshua say in the previous verse? Mat 7:20, “Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them.” So be a fruit inspector, especially your own fruit (7.1-5). What does the fruit look like in your life? Are you in the vine? Where is your abode? How tragic it would be if you lived and learned of the Bible, but never got to know the Author. 

‘Not everyone that saith Master, Master, but he that doeth the will of my Father’. What is the will of the Father? 2 Peter 3:9, “Y’hovah is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is long-suffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.” This is the simplest statement of the divine will, the very essence and the bare minimum – repentance. And the outcome of repentance can be seen in 2Chron.7.14, 30.9, Is.55.7, Zech.1.3, Lk.15.7, Job.22.23, Jer.24.7, Lam.3.40. If this is not the attitude of our hearts when we come before Y’hovah to confess, we are wasting our breath. We must truly repent before we can expect to be forgiven. Does this ensure that we’ll never do the same thing again? No way, dude. But the shorter we keep our accounts with Elohim the easier it will be to get on with the rest of his will. 

Psalm 40.8 tell us specifically what the will of Y’hovah is, “I delight to do thy will, O Elohai. Thy Torah is in my heart.” His Word is his will. Jms. 1.22 is the Brit Chadashah equivalent, “But be ye doers of the Word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves.”

The first thing Elohim wants from us is repentance; the next thing he wants is compliance. After we’ve turned away from our sins and iniquities we are facing in the right direction and can actually comply with the divine will. We can now be made more like Yeshua and bear much fruit. It is up to us to lead people to him, and it is up to the Ruach ha Kodesh to convince them of their need for the Saviour. If we are led by the Spirit of Elohim we will bear witness to Yeshua. If we are not bearing witness to Yeshua, it follows that we are not led by the Spirit. Rom.8.13-17, Gal.5.16-26.

Matthew 7:24-27, “Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock: 25And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not: for it was founded upon a rock. 26And every one that heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the sand: 27And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell: and great was the fall of it.”

The difference between these two types of men is in what they did with the Word of Elohim. Hearing the Word of Elohim is not enough. It is in the doing that a man is adjudged wise by Elohim, not hearing only (Jam.1.22-25). The word for rock here is petra which means a mass of rock, bedrock. If you can dig your footer into bedrock, there’s nothing short of an act of Elohim that will take that building away. The same is true of your life and the Word of Elohim. If you base your life on compliance to the Word of Elohim, as simply understood as it can be done correctly, you will never waver in your faith, come hell or high water (this is where that saying came from). But if you base your life on the shifting sands of emotions or fashions or cultural whims or momentary fads, the smallest breeze will knock you down. Witness western civilization, and American civilization in particular, over the last 40 years. It’s a house of cards waiting for the wind to shift. When that happens it will all come down, and great will be the fall of it. 

Q&C

End of Midrashic Study

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Shabbat Bible Study for October 20, 2018

Shabbat Bible Study for October 20, 2018

©2018 Mark Pitrone and Fulfilling Torah Ministries

Year 3  Sabbath 25

Devarim 11:26-12:19 – YeshaYahu 54:11-55:6 – Tehellim 129 – Luka 6:20-49

Links: 

Devarim 11:26-32– I didn’t count how many times Y’hovah commanded compliance with his Instructions in the last chapter or two, but it didn’t take Moshe more than 6-8 minutes to say and I seem to remember at least 3 injunctions of the ‘enabling clause’, “I am Y’hovah Elohecha, who brought you out of bondage in Egypt.” Here, he is calling on us to take the choice. Will we answer the call in the affirmative for blessing? Or will we choose to despise Y’hovah and thereby choose his curse? Of course, evangelical Xianity has taught us for millennia that obedience to Torah is a curse. Have they never read the end of this chapter?!

26 Behold, I set before you this day a blessing and a curse; 27 A blessing, if ye obey the commandments of Y’hovah Elohechem, which I command you this day: 28 And a curse, if ye will not obey the commandments of Y’hovah Elohechem, but turn aside out of the way which I command you this day, to go after other gods, which ye have not known. 

Disobedience to Y’hovah’s Word, turning aside from his Way, is idolatry. Acts 9 is about the Way against which Rav Sha’ul got the ‘letter of Marque and Reprisal’ to take Damascene Netzarim bound to Yerushalayim for trial. Rav Sha’ul came face to face with his own covetousness, which is idolatry. Moshe gives the instruction that the blessings will be announced from Mt. Gerizim and the curses will be pronounced from Mt. Ebal on the western side of Yarden, near Shechem. Here is what the commentary in TSK has to say about Mounts Ebal and Gerizim:

Gerizim: Gerizim and Ebal, mountains west of Jordan, and in the tribe of Ephraim, are opposite, or parallel to each other, extending from east to west; mount Gerizim being on the south, and mount Ebal on the north. They are separated by the beautiful valley in which Shechem or Nablus is situated, which is only about 200 paces in width. Both mountains are much alike in length, height, and figure; being about a league [about 3 miles] in length, in the form of a semicircle, and so steep, on the side of Shechem, that there is scarcely any shelving. Their altitude appeared to Mr. Buckingham nearly equal, not exceeding 700 or 800 feet from the level of the valley, which is itself elevated. But though they resemble each other in these particulars, yet in another they are very dissimilar; for, says Maundrell, “though neither of the mountains has much to boast of as to its pleasantness, yet, as one passes between them, Gerizim seems to discover a somewhat more verdant, fruitful aspect then Ebal. The reason of which may be, because fronting towards the north, it is sheltered from the heat of the sun by its own shade; whereas Ebal, looking southward, and receiving the sun that comes directly upon it, must by consequence be rendered more scorched and unfruitful.”

Hence the very appearance of Ebal is of a curse, barren and dry; while Gerizim’s is of blessing green and better watered. Before very long in the land, Israel began to go her own ways and brought Y’hovah’s curse on herself – the very curse YirmeYahu laments about in the book of that name.

12.1-19 – Moshe begins to enumerate the chukim, mishpatim, and mitzvoth that Y’hovah expects Yisrael to guard (shamar) in the land. The first thing he commands is the destruction of all the groves and high places of the Canaanite religions. V.3 is a command to ‘hew down’ the graven images. ‘Hew down’ is from Strong’s #

H1438 גדע gada` gaw-dah’ a primitive root; to fell a tree; generally, to destroy anything:–cut (asunder, in sunder, down, off), hew down (NOT Hugh Downs, the ‘voice of NBC’ in the 60s and contributor to ABC’s 20/20 show in the 70s and 80s 😉 ).

If it is being felled, the graven image must have been carved from a standing tree; I think it was a phallic symbol and reckoned a god in Canaan and other pagan societies. An obelisk is a representation in stone of the same thing. The tallest building in Washington, D.C. is the Washington Monument obelisk, which MUST be the tallest building in the District of Columbia by federal law. I truly think old George Washington would spin in his grave if he knew that the monument bearing his name is a phallic symbol and by law no building can be taller – that it is, and will always be, the highest ‘high place’ in America’s Capital City. Shades of the Illuminist Masonic influence on DC’s design. Had Washington been alive, he’d have sharply protested the whole thing. The city is centered on a pagan idol. Y’hovah commanded Israel to destroy all such places baAretz, in the land. No Torah-observant believer in Messiah would have had any part in building it, and we are not to do anything like it and say its purpose is to worship Y’hovah Elohenu. 

Vv.5-7 – We are to tear down the pagan groves, high places and idols in Y’hovah’s land in vv.1-4, and go up 3 times every year to celebrate our harvests and bring our tithes of those harvests into his storehouse in the place in which he would place his Name. V.5 is the first of 6 times in this chapter [vv.11, 14, 18, 21 & 26] that the phrase, “the place where Yhwh Elohecha shall place his Name”, is used or alluded to. I think he was trying to drive the point home. When he repeats himself, he is being emphatic. When he repeats himself repeatedly, it probably ought to be even MORE scrupulously obeyed. 

The tithe in that storehouse was specifically for the widows and orphans, who have no ‘covering’ (husband or father), and Levites, who have no inheritance, to subsist on. If chol Yisrael were honoring Y’hovah in these commandments, there would be no abject poverty in Yisrael; even the widows, orphans and Levites would have plenty to hallel Y’hovah for, if they understood it was provided by the graciousness of Y’hovah and the obedience of their brethren to the commands of their gracious Elohim. In Israel they were entitled to it by the gracious provision of Y’hovah, but they were not to have an entitlement mentality, such as is so prevalent in society today.

Vv8-9 – While in the Wilderness, they had certain customs that they were free to do in their own ways, but once baAretz, they would have to abide by Torah’s commands in these regards. Schottenstein’s Chumash has a good comment on these verses on pg.83, first paragraph.

Vv.10-14 – So, while they were outside their inheritances and when there was no set place for the Mishkan or a Beit haMikdash, they could offer some freewill offerings on private altars, but once Y’hovah permanently placed his Name on a place, only THERE could offerings be brought. When a man went up to offer and to celebrate the Moedim of Y’hovah he was expected to bring his entire household with him, including his servants. They would have to leave the homestead unprotected and trust Y’hovah to guard against loss. If they drove all the Canaanites out and everyone went up for the feasts, there would be noone around to steal from them anyway, right? 

Vv.15-16 – But all flesh food did NOT have to go to Yerushalayim for offering. If an Yisraelite wanted to have a party, or some guests over for dinner, or just felt like some flesh food, he could butcher the clean animal on his own property as long as he remembered to properly bleed it on the ground and remove the innards and the fat, which Torah tells us are Y’hovah’s. This is NOT an offering, just dinner and usually a special occasion with family and/or friends. 

Vv.17-19 – Those tithes of our harvests were NOT for us to eat at home, but in Yerushalayim during the moedim. When we took our tithe for the widows, orphans and Levites up to the storehouse, we also brought up our tithe that we set aside for our family’s enjoyment at the moedim. All the moedim were celebrations of harvests and the tithes did not gather dust or mold while waiting for the festival to arrive. When harvest was complete it was moad time. We set aside 10% of the increase of our crops so that we could enjoy the feasts of Y’hovah, and so that those with less successful harvests than ours could enjoy them, too. And, finally, we are enjoined to NOT forget the Levites that live among us. Q&C

YeshaYahu 54:11-55:6 – The afflicted and comfortless refer to exiles. Isaiah is telling the exiles that if they make teshuvah, and follow in his way, their exile will end. Y’hovah will deliver them from their affliction and into Mashiyach’s Kingdom, a time of reward for their faithfulness. He tells them much the same thing in ZephanYah 3, where they begin in exile and end in the city of Yerushalayim and Zion 

12 I will also leave in the midst of thee an afflicted and poor people, and they shall trust in the name of Y’hovah. 13 The remnant of Yisrael shall not do iniquity, nor speak lies; neither shall a deceitful tongue be found in their mouth: for they shall feed and lie down, and none shall make afraid. 14 Sing, O daughter of Zion; shout, O Yisrael; be glad and rejoice with all the heart, O daughter of Jerusalem. 15 Y’hovah hath taken away thy judgments, he hath cast out thine enemy: the king of Yisrael, Y’hovah, in the midst of thee: thou shalt not see evil any more. (Zeph.3.12-15)

Afflicted and poor = exile. When the exile trusts the Name of Y’hovah, the remnant (not all Israel or all Xians) shall see deliverance from sin, will speak the truth and be able to sleep in comfort and confidence. When you see singing, shouting and rejoicing it signifies that the exile is ended, and when he says we will see no more evil it means we will never see exile again. Peace will come to us when we’ve been taught Torah by our King, when we teach Torah to the nations and live Torah as a matter of course. This will be the lot of the resurrected in Mashiyach’s Kingdom. 

The righteousness of v.14 is Torah observance, which will be established in and around us, so that we will not oppress or be oppressed by anyone because we will not know fear and terror will not come near us. Why do you suppose Y’hovah uses these words for our comfort? Do you suppose he knows that terror will be the normal way of life in the end of days, and that those who try to terrorize Torah-keepers will have a come-uppance at the hands of King Mashiyach? V.15 is a promise that those who would terrorize us will be gathered for his judgment, but HE won’t summon them – their political/religious masters will gather them to attack the Land and the Torah-keepers there and those terrorists will fall before us, like in

8 And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom as the sand of the sea. 9 And they went up on the breadth of the earth [land?], and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: (Rev.20.8-9a)

To form the weapons that will be used in that day, Y’hovah has called the smith (haSatan) that stokes the forges’ fires and to build the instruments of destruction, but those weapons are the ones Y’hovah will use against the terrorists, because there is no weapon devised that can harm us and no tongue that wags against us will be able to condemn us. Y’hovah will shut their mouths and weaken their hands against us. WE will condemn THEM. The battle is SPIRITUAL, and Ruach haKodesh that lives in YOU is infinite orders of magnitude greater than the Adversary and all of his imps, combined.  

 55.1-6 – “OY!” is how this chapter begins. The exclamation is to the plenty that the prophet sees after the trouble he just saw the remnant go through. The prophet is seeing the reward that comes for their trusting faithfulness to Y’hovah’s Torah and the Ruach that carried them through in the face of seemingly insurmountable odds. These who remained true to Y’hovah had done exploits and will see rest and comfort in the Kingdom of our Mashiyach and in the New Earth and Heavens to come, the olam haba. Were you thirsty in the end of days? Did you ‘hunger and thirst’ for righteousness? You shall be filled with the water of the Word, with food, milk and wine to your heart’s content and you will not have to bribe someone to get a morsel of bread; in fact, I think the Kingdom’s economy may be cashless and barter based. We will not get what isn’t food, like we get today, but food that will actually sustain our body and our soul. We won’t labor for the garbage goods that we get now, but will receive good quality products for a good quality job performed. As we hearken to (shama) and live (shama) [it literally says listen, listen, as in Hear and do] Torah, we will garner its blessings,

3 If ye walk in my statutes, and keep my commandments, and do them; 4 Then I will give you rain in due season, and the land shall yield her increase, and the trees of the field shall yield their fruit. 5 And your threshing shall reach unto the vintage, and the vintage shall reach unto the sowing time: and ye shall eat your bread to the full, and dwell in your land safely. 6 And I will give peace in the land, and ye shall lie down, and none shall make afraid: … 9 For I will have respect unto you, and make you fruitful, and multiply you, and establish my covenant with you. 10 And ye shall eat old store, and bring forth the old because of the new. 11 And I will set my tabernacle among you: and my soul shall not abhor you. 12 And I will walk among you, and will be your God, and ye shall be my people. (Lev.26.3-6, 9-12)

V.3 says that shama-ing; actively and intelligently listening = to come to Y’hovah = to live, and once you’ve done that, he will covenant with you the ‘mercies of David’. I think that David, in this light, speaks of King Mashiyach, as all kings of chol Yisrael, the 12 tribes, are likened to David. Vv.4-5 show that to us. Y’hovah has given us King Mashiyach for a witness to the people, a leader and commander. As we see in Rev.19, Mashiyach will come to defeat the armies of the earth in the land of Israel. The nations that sent armies against Y’hovah Yeshua, the Mashiyach ben David, will send embassage to make peace [after their armies are destroyed by the Word of Yeshua’s mouth (2-edged sword)], and he will accept their tribute and homage. We can only seek him in this life, as there is no other life promised to us. You have until your last breath to call on him for his deliverance from your bondage to sin – he will in no way, shape or form cast one out who repents of his sins and confesses them to him as sins against him and only him. When you get serious, he stands and waits for your humble reliance on HIS provision of Yeshua and his blood on his tree for your sins and he is right there to receive you to himself. If you haven’t repented yet, do so now. Who knows how many more breaths you have left? Y’hovah alone knows. Certainly not you or me. Q&C

Tehellim 129 – In vv.1-3 Yisrael calls out to Y’hovah for deliverance from her affliction – exile. From her youth as a nation in Egypt, she has been afflicted because she has turned away from Y’hovah’s Way and gone her own way, but even at that she has not completely forgotten Y’hovah’s promise of blessing if she would make teshuvah and start trusting him. By David’s time, Yisrael had turned away and returned as a nation dozens of times. Each time we turned away, he brought warnings and judgments to cause us to turn back, and each time we rebelled again. The stripes that we received from our Adversary got to be like furrows in a field – in fact, the stripes that Yeshua received were so bad that he looked like a plowed field, broken up, disked, plowed, and ready for seed. But Y’hovah has always been faithful to forgive us and accept us back when we turned from our own ways and returned to his Way. As the Prodigal’s father was constantly on the lookout for his son’s first step back toward him, so has Y’hovah always been watching for our return. 

In v.4, Y’hovah hears our humble prayer of repentance and call for deliverance from our exile, and he cuts the cords; breaks the bands of bondage to our sin and sends his deliverer, Yeshua haMashiyach. While delivering us in v.5, he confuses and confounds all those oppressors who hate Zion, not the political Zion of the enemy, but the Biblical Zion that Y’hovah promises to his faithful children. In vv.6-8 He makes those who hate Zion as thatch on a rooftop. That straw is of little use agriculturally. It would be useful as it grew to bring forth seed for planting and eating, but afterward, or if it withered due to scorching heat and lack of rain, its only use was to buffer us from storms, perhaps to be used as bedding or binder to make bricks. Same with those who have oppressed Yisrael and who WILL oppress Yisrael until we make teshuvah and Mashiyach comes to deliver us. The oppressors have never been blessed of Y’hovah or of any of his who happen by, for noone but the oppressor thinks them worthy of Y’hovah’s blessing. And even then, they do not want the blessing of Y’hovah on themselves, but they want to have the product of Y’hovah’s blessing from faithful Yisrael. They WANT the product of Y’hovah’s blessing, but not Y’hovah who gives it to his faithful servants who meet the requirements of receiving that blessing. Sounds like the slaves of socialism, doesn’t it? They say, “It’s not FAIR that you have so much and I have so little! You’ve been lucky! You need to share the wealth!” Socialists are jealous and lust for the blessings acquired by work. Fascists use the socialist’s jealousy and covetousness to acquire their legal, though unlawful, power over the faithful. What the socialists need to do is get off their fat rumps and work for it, like the prosperous did. The financially prosperous have EARNED their comfort, as the spiritually prosperous have earned their temporal blessings. 

What is it that Y’hovah requires of us in order that we can receive his blessing? He expects obedience to his Torah instructions. Everyone wants 

4 …rain in due season, and the land shall yield her increase, and the trees of the field shall yield their fruit. 5 And your threshing shall reach unto the vintage, and the vintage shall reach unto the sowing time: and ye shall eat your bread to the full, and dwell in your land safely… 6 peace in the land, and ye shall lie down, and none shall make afraid … 9 respect, … fruitful, … multiplicity … 10 shall eat old store, and bring forth the old because of the new. (Lev.26.4-6, 9-10 edited) 

Everyone wants the blessing, but only a few; a remnant; are willing to do what Y’hovah requires to receive it. Q&C

Luka 6.20-49 – This is Luke’s condensation of Yeshua’s “Sermon on the Mount”, the micro SoM. My study of the Sermon on the Mount centers on Matt.5-7, the macro SoM. I will go point by point from Luka and bring my notes from Matt 5-7 to bear on it. Luka is truly a condensation, even the verses are truncated somewhat, but the content is almost exactly the same.

V.20 – Blessed poor, for yours is the kingdom of God.

Matthew 5:3, “Blessed the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Yeshua preached the KoH/KoG, and the designations seem to be interchangeable. Does Yeshua say only the poor here? No, he says the poor in spirit. A man can be exceedingly rich and yet be poor in spirit. The attitude is what’s important here. Yeshua is implying that rich men usually trust their wealth more than they trust Elohim. Those who trust in their wealth will not be a part of the kingdom of heaven, while those who trust in Elohim will be. The Greek word xlated ‘poor’ speaks of the destitution of a beggar. When we come to Elohim as beggars, having nothing in ourselves to merit his favor and mercy, that is when he will use us. That is when we are saved, when we become a part of the Kingdom of Heaven. It is that type of humility that saved Na’aman, the Ninevite general and leper. It is that type of humility that saved Nebuchadnezzar, the Babylonian king and lunatic. It is that type of humility that saves us, Laodicean believers who are so full of the good life on earth that we often forget Elohim – to our shame. We need to be poor in spirit – humble, like Naaman and Nebuchadnezzar, and fulfill 

Rev. 3:18, “I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see,” 

while rebuking ourselves of the attitude of 

Rev. 3:17, “Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked:”

V.21a Blessed are ye that hunger now: for ye shall be filled.

Matthew 5:6, “Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.”

For what do you hunger and thirst? Is it power, or the desires of the flesh, or the desire for things, or that your children have that stuff? Or do you hunger and thirst after the Word and Kingdom of Elohim? Do you truly want Elohim’s righteousness in your own life, or are you struggling after the good life or to make it to heaven on your own? If a man is righteous in his own eyes or rich in worldly goods, he is not likely to hunger or thirst for Elohim’s righteousness. As far as he’s concerned, why should he? He thinks, ‘I’m pretty good, especially compared to that guy.’ But he’s using the wrong yardstick. How is his righteousness compared to Yeshua haMashiyach haTzadik (1Jn.2.1)? Is.59.10-21 shows what happens to these men and, beginning at the end of v.15, what will happen to those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, who turn away from their transgression (pride). They will be filled with kingdom blessings [Ps.81.10, Pro.8.21, 28.25, Is.66.10ff, (in the millennium)]. Which end will be yours (66.24)? 

V.21b – Blessed are ye that weep now: for ye shall laugh.

Matthew 5:4, “Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted.”

The reference here is to those who mourn over their sin. A couple of examples are king YoshiYahu and Daniel haNavi. When YoshiYahu was 24 yrs old the Law was found in the temple while it was being repaired. When the Law was read to YoshiYahu he rent his clothes and mourned over the sin of the nation, as well as his own personal sin. Because he mourned, Elohim blessed him and withheld the judgment that was due to befall Yehudah for a few years. And when Daniel mourned over his own and his nation’s sin, Elohim blessed him with a vision of the destruction of Persia, the rise of Greece and the rise of Antiochus Epiphanes, a type of the AntiMessiah. Great spiritual blessings ensue when we mourn over our sin and humble ourselves before the Elohim of the universe, though material blessings may be withheld until we can handle them. When we mourn over our sins, Elohim comforts us (the greek word is parakaleo ‘to call to his side’) by drawing near to us and filling us with the certain knowledge of gracious and merciful forgiveness. What a great and loving Elohim we serve, who will not deliver us to haSatan if we’ll be humble and mourn our sins. Q&C

V.22 – 22 Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you, and shall reproach, and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man’s sake. 23 Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for joy: for, behold, your reward great in heaven: for in the like manner did their fathers unto the prophets.

Matthew 5:10-12, “Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness’ sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 11Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake. 12Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.”

These 2 beatitudes are slightly different in their application. Each still requires a humility that is not found in mere humans, but the attitude is seen in our response to ill treatment from others rather than how we treat others or ourselves. Do you think that just being persecuted is going to bring a blessing?  It is your response to suffering that gets the blessing. These three verses must be seen together. Yeshua tells us that those who have been persecuted for standing up for Elohim and his righteous standard will be blessed, then he makes the personal application by saying ‘You (and I) will be supremely blest when you (we) suffer all these things for my (Yeshua’s) sake.’ Look at the way that sentence is built in verse 11. “Blessed are ye for my sake” is the simple sentence. The whole rest of the verse is a dependent adverbial clause. It cannot stand on its own and can be left out of the sentence without destroying it. It amplifies the verb ‘blessed’ in the simple sentence. Yeshua here rolls all the prophets and his audience together in the same bundle, calling them (and us) prophets. He also equates his sake to righteousness’ sake. In other words, Yeshua is righteousness and suffering for his sake makes the kingdom of heaven ours. Don’t worry about what people will think of you, just be his witness and bring others to him. Let the persecution come, it builds character (if you accept it humbly and joyfully).

V.24-26 – Here, Luka begins a short, 3 verses, midrash speaking of those who are the opposite of the ones he addressed in the first 4 verses. There is no passage like this in Matt’s SoM. In vv.20-23, the people he is describing are those who trust Y’hovah for their deliverance, while in vv.24-26, he describes those who trust the world’s system. 

24 But woe unto you that are rich! for ye have received your consolation. 

Does this mean that no rich man can enter the kingdom? Elohim Forbid! What it means is that the rich man has a greater probability of being satisfied with his riches than with Y’hovah, while the poor will want more and they will more likely trust Y’hovah because they are not satisfied with the world’s riches. Those who trust their wealth have received the reward they are looking for. 

V.25a – Woe unto you who are full, for you shall hunger.

Does this mean that if you have enough to eat you will not see the KoH/KoG? Elohim forbid! The word translated ‘full’ actually means ‘satisfied’. Yeshua is saying that if you are satisfied with, or ‘great in’, this world’s stuff, you have no desire for what Y’hovah has to offer. 

V.25b – Woe unto you that laugh now, for you shall mourn and weep.

Does this mean that if you laugh or have a sense of humor you will not see the KoH/KoG? Elohim forbid! The word translated ‘laugh’ is Strong’s greek 1070 gelao (like a bowl full of jelly?!), which means to be full of joy and satisfaction. Are we beginning to see a pattern here? 

V.26 – Woe unto you when all men speak well of you, for so did their fathers to the false prophets.

I am relatively certain that this will NEVER happen to me, because I am of very set opinions on matters spiritual/biblical and that informs all my other opinions. Even my family and friends don’t like me much of the time. Having men speak well of them is the bulls-eye that politicians strive to hit, because that is how elections are won. The word xlated ‘well’ is G2573, kalos, adverb form of 2570, kaloce, virtuous in appearance, as juxtaposed to G18 agathos, intrinsically good. IOW, the ‘good’ these folks exude is all for show. In today’s religion – especially the religious season we are in now, Election 2018 – everything is done for show, like the Kavanaugh hearings. That is PRECISELY why a truly HONEST man can’t be elected in America anymore – the vast majority of Americans are ‘all show/no go’. They elect men like themselves. I think that, in their heart of hearts, it makes them feel better about themselves that they can point at the politicians they elect and say with reasonable accuracy the they aren’t as bad as THAT guy! 

The point Yeshua is making is that we ought not be satisfied with our lives in this world, but should be striving to be better than the world system; to actually hunger and thirst for righteousness in our own lives, to want to be like our Master Y’hovah Yeshua in every way, and to not be satisfied with less than HIS righteousness. Q&C

V.27-28 – But I say unto you which hear, Love your enemies, do good to them which hate you, 28 Bless them that curse you, and pray for them which despitefully use you… 32 For if ye love them which love you, what thank have ye? for sinners also love those that love them. 33 And if ye do good to them which do good to you, what thank have ye? for sinners also do even the same. 34 And if ye lend of whom ye hope to receive, what thank have ye? for sinners also lend to sinners, to receive as much again. Matthew 5:43-48, “Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy. 44 But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you; 45 That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust. 46 For if ye love them which love you, what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the same? 47 And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more; do not even the publicans so? 48 Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.”

We are the light of the world, the salt of the earth, a city on a hill. As such, we are to reflect the attitude of the Father and bring Him the glory. Yeshua is giving us a practical application here. He is referring in v.43 to De.23.3-6. No Israelite could marry a Moavi or an Ammoni. Moav and Ammon were Lot’s daughter’s sons. Yeshua shows the spirit of that law here. If you want to be the child of the Father in heaven, you have to love and do good to and pray for your enemies who hate you and despise you and use you spitefully. That’s how we all treat Yeshua at different times of our lives, even as believers. When we treat Yeshua like this as believers we are showing ourselves to be his enemies. And we all do this from time to time, consciously or unconsciously (I think unconsciously is worse, because it truly shows that we despise Elohim. If we presumptuously sin [Oh, Elohim will forgive me for this], we at least considered his reaction to it. Both are inadvisable). Elohim doesn’t treat anyone any differently in this life, we all get the same common blessings from him whether we believe him or not. Should we not treat every man with the same attitude, not just those in the household of faith? If you only defer to the Messianic, if you only love your family, what good are you to the kingdom? We are to be ‘perfect’ in our attitude of service to YHVH, as much as in our actual service to him, even as he is in his attitude (Phil.2.4-5) and his service (Phil.2.6-8).

Philip. 2:4-8, “Look not every man on his own things, but every man also on the things of others. 5 Let ^^this^^ mind be in you, which was also in Mashiyach Yeshua: 6 Who, being in the form of Elohim, thought it not robbery to be equal with Elohim: 7 But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: 8 And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even death on the tree.”

That is perfection of attitude and service.

V.29-31, 35-36 – And unto him that smiteth thee on the cheek offer also the other; and him that taketh away thy cloke forbid not coat also. 30 Give to every man that asketh of thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask not again. 31 And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise… 35 But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and the evil. 36 Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful.

Matthew 5:38-42, “Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth: 39 But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also. 40 And if any man will sue thee at the law, and take away thy coat, let him have cloke also. 41 And whosoever shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him twain. 42 Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away.” 

An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth is a commandment of Y’hovah in Lev.24.20. The context of that verse (beginning in v.10) is speaking of a deliberate attack on another, which needed to be justly met by the civil authority. It doesn’t seem to be talking about an accidental thing, but I could be mistaken. It is certain that an accidental death was to be given the grace of the city of refuge (Ex.21.12-14), but the premeditated murderer was to have no mercy. I think the principle applies. Here’s what I shared in January on this point in our Torah notes,

If a man killed an animal, he needed to make restitution, like for like. The same restitution was due when causing an injury to another person. The restitution was to be like for like, and the eye for eye, tooth for tooth doesn’t mean that if he did something to cause you to lose an eye, you had the right to gouge out his eye. It means he has to make the loss good – ensure that the one who suffered the physical loss doesn’t see any loss of life, property or lifestyle. For instance, if a singer’s voice is injured due to someone’s negligence, the negligent one needs to provide a similar income as the singer earned before the injury. So, guess where the idea of limited liability insurance came from. What was good for the Israelite – Torah – was good for the stranger. There is one law for both the Israelite and the stranger – v.22. And to make that point, Y’hovah invokes the enabling clause, “I am Y’hovah Elohechem.” And Moshe told Israel Y’hovah’s mishpat and they carried out the execution. The rabbis at Artscroll/Mesorah Publications say this about our parenthesis in Stone’s Chumash, pg.692, 693. I think they make sense.

This was more or less the letter, pashat, of Torah.

But Yeshua took the law one further and showed the spirit of it. He taught that you are not to render evil for evil. The idea of the greek word is to take an active stance against the wickedness coming against you. The idea is something akin to Ghandi’s nonresistance. Allow the evil to be brought against you. As we go on we’ll see the rest of the application in praying for them that despitefully use us and so on. Our treasure is not of this world, but of Elohim and kept for us in heaven. If someone is treating you badly or requiring your service unjustly, give that service your best effort and do more than you are required to do. Look at Rom.12.17-20. 

17 Recompense to no man evil for evil. Provide things honest in the sight of all men. 18 If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men. 19 Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith Y’hovah. 20 Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head.

This is to be our response to injustice 

21 If thine enemy be hungry, give him bread to eat; and if he be thirsty, give him water to drink: 22 For thou shalt heap coals of fire upon his head, and Y’hovah shall reward thee. (Pro.25.21-22). 

Give to him that asketh thee…   The idea here is to pay what you owe when the bill comes due. Ask is from greek aiteo to demand what’s due. And don’t as a matter of course turn your back on someone who needs a loan. Yisrael was to loan to their brethren without interest (Deut.23.19-20). This word, daneizo, means to lend at interest. Therefore, it must refer to gentiles. Don’t turn your backs on unbelievers who need help. If you loan without thought of the return, you are doing as Y’hovah has done for you and you are fulfilling the spirit of grace. You will be a witness against him at the great white throne if he doesn’t come to faith in Mashiyach, and may be a witness to the grace of Elohim that will lead him to Mashiyach. Either way, Elohim gets the glory.  Q&C

V.37-38 – 37 Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned: forgive, and ye shall be forgiven: 38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again.

Matthew 7:1-2, “Judge not, that ye be not judged. 2For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged: and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again.”

Yeshua here tells us that we will be judged by whatever standard we use to judge others. The implication is very clear. We will never be able to live up to our own standards, we would ourselves be guilty in our own self-righteous judgment, how will we ever stand before a truly holy and righteous judge?

‘With what judgment ye judge’ tells us that when we are guilty of a fault, we will receive the same punishment we award others for that fault. ‘With what measure ye mete’ tells us we will be judged by the same standard we use. Do you judge others by their adherence to the Law of Elohim? Do you judge yourself by the same Law? Elohim will use the same yardstick we use and bestow the same mercy we bestow. Elohim save us from our selves.

With every principle taught in this lesson on the mount, I’ve been struck by my total inability to do what I’m told. My pride keeps getting in the way. I am not meek, nor a peacemaker, nor do I hunger and thirst after righteousness, nor do I forgive, nor do I seek first the kingdom of Elohim. And I certainly do not judge in righteousness, though I’m very good, indeed, at judging in self-righteousness. I’m quite good at finding fault in others and covering them up in myself. I fear that this is all too often the case in most of our lives. It is in this area, our total lack of honesty and humility, that we all probably need to repent in dust and ashes and ask Elohim’s forgiveness. Isn’t it wonderful that we have the promise of Elohim that he will forgive us if we confess our sins to him in an attitude of repentance?

“Good measure, pressed down and shaken together” means that he is filling us as full as we can be filled, and then making us overflow our vessel. If you ever want to fill a glass jar with solid material, you can always fill all the voids by shaking the jar, pressing the contents down and perhaps tapping the jar’s bottom on a table or counter top. After you get all the solids you can stuff into a jar, there is still space that a liquid can fill. Y’hovah wants to fill us until we overflow with blessing.

We’ll come back to vv.39-40, as they do not occur in Matt’s besorah.

Vv.41-42 41 And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother’s eye, but perceivest not the beam that is in thine own eye? 42 Either how canst thou say to thy brother, Brother, let me pull out the mote that is in thine eye, when thou thyself beholdest not the beam that is in thine own eye? Thou hypocrite, cast out first the beam out of thine own eye, and then shalt thou see clearly to pull out the mote that is in thy brother’s eye. 3 And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother’s eye, but considerest not the beam that is in thine own eye? 4 Or how wilt thou say to thy brother, Let me pull out the mote out of thine eye; and, behold, a beam is in thine own eye? 5 Thou hypocrite, first cast out the beam out of thine own eye; and then shalt thou see clearly to cast out the mote out of thy brother’s eye.  

This passage is a continuation of the last and must be taken in light of it. Notice that Yeshua changed from ye to thee, plural to singular. If you are pronouncing judgment on an issue of which you are yourself guilty, you are an hypocrite. Before any of us enters into a judicial situation we should be sure that we are not in transgression ourselves, that we are repented and confessed up to date. This is what is meant by “remove the beam from thine own eye.” And we should use the same standard Elohim used with us. Was Elohim gracious and merciful in his judgment and forgiveness? We ought to be, also. 

‘Cast out the beam’ comes from the greek word ekballo and means just what it says here. The same word is used in 5.13 and means the same thing there. The same word is used for casting out devils, casting children of the kingdom into outer darkness (Mat.8.12), and any uncleanness taken in through the mouth being ‘cast out in the draught’ (Mat.15.17). It means to throw out; your gotten rid of it, and, by implication, never to have it bother you again. This is not to say that once this beam is removed, cast away from you, and you can judge properly on this matter that another beam will not get in your way on some other matter. We will not be able to judge in absolute objective righteousness until we are given our glorified bodies, mortal corruption changed to immortal incorruption, sinful pride changed to genuine righteous humility. 

To paraphrase the NIKE advertisements, just don’t do it. Unless you are absolutely objectively righteous. Two chances of that – FAT and NONE. Q&C

Vv.43-45 – For a good tree bringeth not forth corrupt fruit; neither doth a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. 44 For every tree is known by his own fruit. For of thorns men do not gather figs, nor of a bramble bush gather they grapes. 45 A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh.

Matthew 7:15-17, “Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves. 16 Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? 17 Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit. 18 A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. 19 Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. 20 Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them.”

The interpretation here is pretty straightforward. We are to be on the lookout to keep false prophets out of our midst; and one of the ways to smoke out a false prophet is to see if he judges people for what he himself is guilty, as we saw in our last passage. We’ll certainly know a false prophet by the outcome of their prophecy. Is it true? Did it happen the way he said it would? Does it fit the character of the Creator Elohim of the universe?  If not, stone them without the gates. 

This does not apply simply to foretelling or predictive prophecy. It also deals with forthtelling or expository prophecy. Is the word from the pulpit (or that guy in front of the room or on the mic who keeps spouting off) in accord with the word of Elohim and the character of Elohim? What kind of fruit do you see in the preacher’s life? Does it meet the test of 1Jn.4.1? How about in your own life? Do you compare scripture with scripture, things spiritual with things spiritual? Or do you look for a scripture that can be twisted to say what you want it to say and support your lusts thereby? Are you a false prophet? What saith thy fruit?

We have been warned that anti-messiahs are all over the place. They had already crept into the assemblies in Yochanan’s day. How much more prevalent must they be today, so far removed in time from the source? Stay in the true Word of Elohim so you’ll know a counterfeit when he shows his ugly face. Try the spirit of the prophet and the spirit behind his teaching. If it doesn’t stand the sniff test, if something smells rotten, beware. If it doesn’t stand the comparison test, rebuke that spirit and get it out of your life. Then warn as many as will hear you.

If you are rooted in the Word of Y’hovah, sustained by the Root of Jesse (Is.11.10), abiding in the vine (Jn.15.1-7), you will produce fruit to the Kingdom of Elohim. Notice that in Jn.15.2, there are those branches that are in the vine, but do not bear fruit. These the Father takes away. They are suckers, they drain the life from the vine and don’t add anything to it. This is what is removed in the purging. Notice that it does not say that what is purged is cast away, gathered up and burned. It says that what does not abide in him is cast away and gathered by men and burned. You can be a believer, in Mashiyach, but not a disciple of Yeshua. There are many of these, especially in these last Laodicean days. The time will come when these will be removed and put where they can no longer drain the vitality from the vine and the good branches. But since they are in Mashiyach, they will not be cast away. They will spend eternity with Mashiyach without reward. Inheritance is what we get because we are adopted children. Rewards are what we get for our service in Mashiyach. All who are in Mashiyach will inherit eternal life. Only those who abide in Mashiyach will receive rewards. What does your fruit look like? Do you have any? 

What is symbolized by a tree in scripture? Trees are nations. The olive tree signifies Yisrael in belief. The fig tree symbolizes Yisrael in unbelief. If the tree bears no fruit, it is cut down and thrown into the fire. That refers to a nation. Individuals are seen in Jn.15, nations in Mat.7. Do not confuse them, or you will hold to false doctrine. An individual is adopted. A nation is a group of individuals. That nation whose Elohim is Y’hovah is blessed (Ps.33.12). That is why America was blessed for so long, and why she is being cut down to be thrown into the fire now. She, as a nation, has forgotten Y’hovah, though there are still many individuals who serve him. They will be rewarded, but the nation will soon be plucked up and removed, unless a true revival happens by Y’hovah’s mercy and grace. I would have revival, but I think that America’s vial is almost full (Rev.15.7-8). Q&C

VV.46-49 – 46 And why call ye me, Master, Master, and do not the things which I say? 47 Whosoever cometh to me, and heareth my sayings, and doeth them, I will shew you to whom he is like: 48 He is like a man which built an house, and digged deep, and laid the foundation on a rock: and when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently upon that house, and could not shake it: for it was founded upon a rock. 49 But he that heareth, and doeth not, is like a man that without a foundation built an house upon the earth; against which the stream did beat vehemently, and immediately it fell; and the ruin of that house was great.

Matthew 7:21-23, “Not every one that saith unto me, Master, Master shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven. 22 Many will say to me in that day, Master, Master, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works? 23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity. 24 Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock: 25 And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not: for it was founded upon a rock. 26 And every one that heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the sand: 27 And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell: and great was the fall of it. 28 And it came to pass, when Yeshua had ended these sayings, the people were astonished at his doctrine: 29 For he taught them as one having authority, and not as the scribes.”

Don’t just say that you are saved; be sure of it. False prophets and false professors will get the same inheritance – death. Your faith does not depend on your emotions, how you feel at the moment, or any work of righteousness you perform, or a sinless life. If it did, you would need to be saved hundreds of times a day. In fact, it is not even your faith that saves you, but the faith of Master Y’hovah Yeshua haMashiyach (Gal.2.16, Rev.14.12). Just because a person says, “I am a blood-bought, spirit-filled, prophet of Elohim and I perform all sorts of miracles” doesn’t make it true. What did Yeshua say in the previous verse? “Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them.” So be a fruit inspector, especially your own fruit (7.1-5). What does the fruit look like in your life? Are you in the vine? Where is your abode? How tragic it would be if you lived and learned of the Bible, but never got to know the Author. 

‘Not everyone that saith Master, Master, shall enter the Kingdom of heaven, but he that doeth the will of my Father’.

What is the will of the Father? 

 “Y’hovah is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is long-suffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.” 2Pe.3:9

This is the simplest statement of the divine will, the very essence and the bare minimum – repentance. And the outcome of repentance can be seen in 2Chron.7.14, 30.9, Is.55.7, Zech.1.3, Lk.15.7, Job.22.23, Jer.24.7, Lam.3.40. If this is not the attitude of our hearts when we come before Y’hovah to confess, we are wasting our breath. We must truly repent before we can expect to be forgiven. Does this ensure that we’ll never do the same thing again? No way, dude. But the shorter we keep our accounts with Elohim the easier it will be to get on with the rest of his will. 

Proverbs 40.8 tells us specifically what the will of Y’hovah is, “I delight to do thy will, O Elohai. Thy Torah is in my heart.”

His Word is his will. Jms.1.22 is the Brit Chadashah equivalent,

“But be ye doers of the Word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves.”

The first thing Elohim wants from us is repentance, the next thing he wants is compliance. After we’ve turned away from our sins and iniquities we are facing in the right direction and can actually comply with the divine will. We can now be made more like Yeshua and bear much fruit. It is up to us to lead people to him, and it is up to the Ruach ha Kodesh to convince them of their need for the Saviour. If we are led by the Spirit of Elohim we will bear witness to Yeshua. If we are not bearing witness to Yeshua, it follows that we are not led by the Spirit. Rom.8.13-17, Gal.5.16-26.

The difference between these two men is in what they did with the Word of Elohim. Hearing the Word of Elohim is not enough. It is in the doing that a man is adjudged wise by Elohim, not hearing only (Jam.1.22-25). The word for rock here is petra which means a mass of rock, bedrock. If you can dig your footer into bedrock, there’s nothing short of an act of Elohim that will take that building away. The same is true of your life and the Word of Elohim. If you base your life on compliance to the Word of Elohim, as simply understood as it can be done correctly, you will never waver in your faith, come hell or high water (this is where that saying came from). But if you base your life on the shifting sands of emotions or fashions or cultural whims or momentary fads, the smallest breeze will knock you down. Witness western civilization, and American civilization in particular, over the last 40 years. It’s a house of cards waiting for the wind to shift. When that happens it will all come down, and great will be the fall of it. 

The word translated ‘astonished’ is ekplesso and it means literally to slap oneself with a flat hand – they probably said, “Oy, Veh!” while they did this. The reason was for the authority with which he taught. The greek word behind authority is exousia, which means out of himself. In other words, he wasn’t teaching from a text book, or from Talmud, or repeating what some guy thought. He taught what he knew experientially and essentially to be true. He was teaching himself, not some subject. To the people gathered there it must have been awesome. Here was a man teaching objective truth, not subjective opinion. How odd! What would happen if someone did this today? He’d be wrapped up in a strait jacket and deposited in the loony bin. Of course, that’s what the scribes, up to now the authorities on the Word of Elohim, wanted to so with Yeshua, so I guess there is nothing new under the sun (Ecc.1.9-10). So remember that when you proclaim the Word of Elohim without error, (something I’ll never have to worry about this side of glory) the authorities will try to have you put away. First you’ll be demonized, then marginalized, and finally shunted to a sidetrack for quick and quiet disposal into the dustbin of human history, they hope. 

The next couple of vignettes do not occur in Matthew’s SoM, but do elsewhere in his besorah. I will quote both together and give brief comments. 

V.39 – And he spake a parable unto them, Can the blind lead the blind? shall they not both fall into the ditch? Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch. (Matthew 15:14)

In both Hebrew and Greek the words translated in KJV as ‘ditch’ refer to a hole dug for a trap. This is very likely the result of one who cannot see either the letter or spirit of Torah following one as blind as himself, which result is destruction; either physically, or spiritually, or both. Nothing GOOD can come of this situation.

V.40 – 40 The disciple is not above his master: but every one that is perfect shall be as his master.

24 The disciple is not above his master, nor the servant above his lord. It is enough for the disciple that he be as his master, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more shall they call them of his household? (Matthew 10:24-25)

Yeshua warns us that they, the leaders of the religion, will do the same to us as they did to him, and that we should expect it from them. I say that we can soon expect it from all around because we are different in that we prepare for hard times, look forward to the return of Yeshua as Mashiyach ben David to rule over the whole earth from Yerushalayim. In this last belief we get characterized as the same as the radical Islamists, even though we don’t behead people with whom we disagree or subjugate whole populations of people because they were unfortunate enough to be born female, as do Rad-Lamists. They hate us precisely because we will live according to Torah. I think it makes them feel guilty. Q&C

End of Shabbat Bible Study

Shabbat Bible Study for 13 October 2018

Shabbat Bible Study for 13 October 2018

©2018 Mark Pitrone and Fulfilling Torah Ministries

Year 3 Sabbath 31

Deuteronomy 10:1 – 11:25 – 2 Kings 13:23 – Psalm 128 – Colossians 3:1-4:6

Links: 

Devarim 10.1-11.25 – In ch.9, Moshe recounted the sin of the golden calf and Y’hovah’s displeasure at Israel. The prefatory note to the recount of the golden calf in 9.7-29 would be well to recount here, as Schottenstein’s Chumash has a an important observation on pp.63-65. Y’hovah had proposed wiping out rebellious Israel and replacing them with a new nation out of Moshe’s seed. I think that was a test of Moshe, to see if he was as rebellious as Israel had been. Moshe passed the test; pleading with Y’hovah that he bring no reproach to his Name in the minds of the Canaanites, who would have thought that they were at LEAST all that AND a bag of chips; that Y’hovah could defeat Egypt, but NOT Canaan. When Moshe saw the idol, he was so incensed at Israel that, by way of an object lesson, he broke the tables of testimony that Y’hovah himself had made and inscribed: Israel had broken all 10 commandments so inscribed, so Moshe broke the stone tablets before our eyes. 

The original tablets were entirely the work of Y’hovah, who had both hewn the stone and inscribed the commandments upon them. Now, Y’hovah commanded Moshe to hew two tables of stone like the originals and bring them up the mountain to be inscribed with the commandments. Before the transgression, the work was all Y’hovah’s. But after the transgression I think we had to provide the medium on which Y’hovah would inscribe his Word: the medium of our hearts and minds, after we surrender them to him. The ark that Moshe made to contain the tablets represents our physical bodies. I do not believe that this is the Ark of the Kodesh Kadashim, but a temporary residence of the tables until Betzalel and Aholiav could construct the Ark. These tables, which were placed in this ark of wood without gold overlay, then resided in Moshe’s tent until the Mishkan was completed and dedicated to Y’hovah. The Mishkan in this metaphor, then, represented the resurrected bodies of believers in Y’hovah Yeshua haMashiyach. We see the original narrative in Ex.34,

27 And Y’hovah said unto Moses, Write thou these words: for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with thee and with Israel. 28 And he was there with Y’hovah forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments. (Ex.34.27-28)

The way that comes out in KJV English, it can be taken to mean that Moshe actually inscribed the commandments on the stone tablets, while the narrative in Dt.10 is much less ambiguous, that Y’hovah did the actual writing. But regardless the actual hand that inscribed the commandments on the stone, the words were actually the work of Y’hovah – Y’hovah was the author, even if Moshe chiseled the words into the stone. To continue the metaphor, even our works of Torah that evidentially set us apart from the world system are not our own; they are the work of Y’hovah Yeshua in us, as the words that Moshe metaphorically inscribed in the tables were not his own, but Y’hovah Yeshua’s through him. 

The time that Y’hovah separated Levi was the same time that Moshe came down off the mount with the original tables that he broke. I think Moshe is engaging in midrash to make a point, as the sequence of encampments is different here than in Num.33, which I think is the actual sequence. Here he is making a midrashic point by inverting the sequence of a couple of encampments

31 And they departed from Moseroth, and pitched in Benejaakan. 32 And they removed from Benejaakan, and encamped at Horhagidgad. 33 And they went from Horhagidgad, and pitched in Jotbathah. (Num.33.31-33)

Ja’akan means ‘twisting’ and Moserah means ‘correction’. Gudgodah means self-inflicted cuts and Jothbath means ‘pleasantness’. Aharon did not die until they got to Mount Hor, so I think the point that Moshe makes here is that when Aharon made the golden calf, which was both a twisting of what he knew to be right and a self-inflicted cut, his fate was to not enter the Promised land. It was as if he’d died and transferred his mantle to Elezar right there at the foot of Horeb, not 39 years later on Mount Hor. Y’hovah brought correction that was pleasant in his eyes. Aharon had known better than to fashion a calf, but did so because he allowed his eyes to dictate his actions rather than what he knew was right in Y’hovah’s eyes. Please understand that Aharon’s eternity was not affected by his sin in the golden calf incident, but he had to ‘bear his iniquity’, i.e.; the physical consequence of his sin; and not see the land of promise in his earthly life. 

In vv.12-18 Moshe comes back to the pashat and admonishes Israel to not slip into the flesh, as Aharon had, and think about our inadequacy to defeat the Anakim and other Canaanites, but to circumcise our heart and show our love of Y’hovah by obeying him in all that Yehoshua would command us in Y’hovah’s Name. Shlomo condensed vv.12-16 into 6 English words (4 in Hebrew et-haElohim yare v’et-hamitzvotain sh’mor) in 

Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear Eloha, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man. (Ecclesiastes 12:13)

We do this because Y’hovah is who he is. He is not a man, who can be bribed or bought, but the Creator of all that is. How can Y’hovah, who already owns everything, be bought by someone he owns with what only he truly owns? Does anyone actually think he can buy Y’hovah’s favor and indulgence? Does anyone think that Y’hovah will not hold men accountable for their oppression of the widows, the fatherless and the stranger who follows him? 

We are to remember that we were strangers in Egypt; people of another nation who wished to live peacefully among them; and how they treated us. We are NOT to do to strangers as Egypt did to us. Y’hovah didn’t like the duplicitous treatment of his people in Egypt and taught us a lesson of how to NOT treat others, which we quickly forgot. America LEARNED this lesson and practiced it. Now we have extended this to even those who are bent on our subjugation to their foreign laws – to our soon destruction. We took away from this commandment in Israel and were exiled as a result: we added to this commandment in America, and are about to be exiled as a result. 

When will we learn that we need to shomer Y’hovah’s word and quit adding to or taking away from it? Q&C

11.1-25 Vv.1 gives us a succinct definition of ‘Love Y’hovah’ – shamarta mishmarto; guard with guarding; his chukim, mishpatim and mitzvotim. Remember that his chukim are those commands that don’t make any apparent sense to us, his mishpatim are his judgments made in answer to our questions about his commandments and his commandments themselves. So we show that we love him by always and habitually obeying him in all these things; we guard ourselves by guarding his Word in our own lives. And in vv.2-7, Moshe told us that he was not telling this to those who did not experience the Wilderness Adventure, but to us who had and that we are to teach them; both the history of the Adventure and the statutes, judgments and commandments; to our children who would follow after us in haAretz, of which we were about to take possession. 

Moshe then promises us that if we will love Y’hovah as he desires, then he will prosper, preserve and protect us in haAretz in vv.8-9. This land, in vv.10-12, is not a desert, like Egypt, but is watered by rain in its season, where water will literally spring up from the places where our feet scrape the surface of the earth. The land is a place from whence Eloha never allows his eyes to wander. It is HIS land that he was giving us to provide our needs. If we would only obey his Word in vv.13-15, he would protect us and take care of us. But if we turn our backs on his Word, he would do the same to us; first removing the rain in due season, which would affect the crops and cause hunger, and finally he would exile us from the land he had given us (v.17). 

So in vv.18-25, Moshe advises that if we want to stay indefinitely in the land that will quite literally flow with milk and honey, we need to observe to do all that Y’hovah commands, and he will see to it for us. We will remember to do what Y’hovah commands. We will teach all his Toroth to our children, we will model this obedience in all that we do and everywhere we go, whether in our homes, on our property or in our dealings with people everywhere else. If we demonstrate our love for Y’hovah in everything we do and say, he will either make other people want what we have and ask us to teach them of his ways, or he will make them want to kill us and then he will drive them out or wipe them out before us. Then he said that, IF we would do what he said, every place the sole of an Israelite foot would tread would be ours; that no man would be able to stand in our presence to harm us. 

Has this been true of Israel or Yehudah since the days of David or Shlomo? Was it true after the land was conquered? Even in Yehoshua’s latter days, some had begun to forget these promises and within years of his death the Canaanites they failed to drive out came against them and subjugated them until Israel called out for a judge to deliver them. Y’hovah was true to his promises, though, and as long as we obeyed the judge, we were delivered. But soon we went our ways again and he would allow the heathen to subjugate us. The reason that Israel has been persecuted, I think, is because they have gone their own way and held to traditions of men as if they were the Word of Y’hovah, as well as holding to the Word of Y’hovah. It is this mixing of obedience with the additions that we were commanded to eschew that has caused all the trouble in both the Hebrew and the Xian-led countries. Israel and all the Xian led nations were founded by faithful men who wanted to follow Y’hovah to the best of their knowledge and ability, but then went their own ways until Y’hovah exiled them from their land. Exile is his final warning, and if his people, who are called by his Name will humble themselves and pray to him, seeking to observes his way and turn from our wicked ways, he will STILL hear from heaven, forgive our wickedness and heal our lands. It will not be long before we will reach the furthest extent of our forbearance of haSatan’s tyranny, and call out for deliverance. We will eventually get our fill of the wickedness of the wicked Egyptian/Babylonian system and call out for Y’hovah’s deliverance – Yehoshua Moshienu – and that he will answer with his strong right arm and Melech Mashiyach Yeshua. The question is this: How long before we get our fill? 

Melachim Bet 13.23 – Need I say more? Even the northern tribes of Israel, who had never kept the pureness of Y’hovah’s Toroth, were delivered in the days of her kings to honor their patriarch’s Avraham, Yitzhak and Ya’acov. It is because of the faithfulness of the Patriarchs that Y’hovah was patient with Israel and Yehudah; not sending them into exile immediately upon their rebellion, hoping they would turn back to him. Y’hovah is long-suffering towards us for the father’s sakes. Q&C

Tehellim 128 – See the amplification of what the fear of Y’hovah is in v.1? Walking in, or obeying, his Ways. The promise to us in v.2 and throughout scripture is that if we will obey him, we will eat the produce of our land by our own hands. 

17 Ye shall not therefore oppress one another; but thou shalt fear Elohecha: for I Y’hovah Elohechem. 18 Wherefore ye shall do my statutes, and keep my judgments, and do them; and ye shall dwell in the land in safety. 19 And the land shall yield her fruit, and ye shall eat your fill, and dwell therein in safety. (Lev.25.17-19)

And your threshing shall reach unto the vintage, and the vintage shall reach unto the sowing time: and ye shall eat your bread to the full, and dwell in your land safely. (Lev.26:5)

The opposite is true if we fail to obey him and walk in his ways.

27 And if ye will not for all this hearken unto me, but walk contrary unto me; 28 Then I will walk contrary unto you also in fury; and I, even I, will chastise you seven times for your sins… 38 And ye shall perish among the heathen, and the land of your enemies shall eat you up. (Lev.26.27-28, 38)

The fruit of thy land, and all thy labours, shall a nation which thou knowest not eat up; and thou shalt be only oppressed and crushed alway: (Deut.28:33)

Not only will our land produce abundantly if we obey and walk in his ways, but in vv.3-4 our own offspring will also multiply from generation to generation. A man who fears Y’hovah will see all this physical multiplicity. We’ve said before that fear is a 2-edged sword. It speaks of abject terror of Elohim and how he will judge us when we turn from Y’hovah’s ways. But it also speaks of our awe and reverence for him when he delivers on his promises to us by blessing us for our obedience and walking according to his ways. PLEASE keep in mind that Israel NEVER had to obey the Torah in order to be saved, regardless the false teaching of the Xian churches. And neither do we. We and Yisrael, as brethren, obey Torah for the same reason Yisrael was to obey Torah – to receive His manifold blessings. In vv.5-6, Y’hovah will bless us from Zion and we shall see Shalom l’Yerushalayim, the Peace of Jerusalem, all the days of our lives. THAT speaks ultimately of the Kingdom and eternity future, when Yerushalayim SHALL see Shalom. But it can also be seen in our day, if Yerushalayim and Y’hovah’s people will just turn from our own ways and to Y’hovah’s. When we do that, and we WILL before long, for the persecution that is coming is going to make us either despair (if we see only with our physical eyes) or call out to Y’hovah for his Yeshua (turn to Y’hovah for deliverance). As long as we rely on our own strength, we will suffer ever greater condemnation from Y’hovah, and our enemies will overpower us. But when we humble ourselves and turn to Y’hovah Yeshua, he will answer according to his rachamim v’emet (mercy and truth). Q&C

Colossians 3.1-4.6Vv.1-5 begins to speak of our life in Mashiyach, and not in the traditions of men, as was said in the last verses of ch.2

20 Wherefore if ye be dead with Mashiyach from the rudiments of the world, why, as though living in the world, are ye subject to ordinances, 21 (Touch not; taste not; handle not; 22 Which all are to perish with the using;) after the commandments and doctrines of men? 23 Which things have indeed a shew of wisdom in will worship, and humility, and neglecting of the body; not in any honour to the satisfying of the flesh. (Col.2.20-23)

(See the use of the word ‘ordinances’ in Paul’s other letters in juxtaposition to Torah;:1Cor.11.2, these ordinances are the judgments of the Beit Din in Acts 15; Eph.2.15, these are the oral Toroth of the Pharisees and/or the wild ultra-spiritual imaginings of the Gnostics, as are those in Col.2.14, 20.)

If we are IN Mashiyach, we are seated IN him at the right hand of Elohim and we have at our disposal the POWER of Y’hovah’s right hand, Yeshua haMashiyach, to empower us to live IN his Torah. If we are IN Mashiyach, dead and resurrected, we are, in spiritual reality, dead and resurrected in him, as well. We CAN live righteously and in obedience to His Torah, as we allow Yeshua to live in us. In v.3, we are hid IN Mashiyach. But in v.4, we see that when Mashiyach appears in his glory (Yom Kippur, some year soon? I think), WE shall appear WITH him 

I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. (Dan.7:13)

And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. (Mat.24:30)

Then we which are alive remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Master in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Master. (1Thes.4:17)

Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen. (Rev.1:7)

And then we see the ultimate fulfillment in Rev.19:

5 And a voice came out of the throne, saying, Hallel Elohenu, all ye his servants, and ye that fear him, both small and great. 6 And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for Y’hovah Eloha omnipotent reigneth. 7 Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready. 8 And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints. 9 And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed are they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of Eloha. 10 And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Yeshua: worship Eloha: for the testimony of Yeshua is the spirit of prophecy. 11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war. 12 His eyes as a flame of fire, and on his head many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself. 13 And he clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called haD’var l’Eloha. 14 And the armies in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. 15 And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty Eloha. 16 And he hath on vesture and on his thigh a name written, Melech l’Malachim, v’Rebbe l’Rabbim.

I think we will by then have our minds fully renewed (Rom.12.1-2 – throughly versed in Torah? Jer.31.31ff?) and, while still spiritually IN Messiah, we will also personally be fully in the Renewed Covenant as Yeshua’s vice-regents; walking it out and faithfully making mishpat before men as to their Torah obedience according to the beauty (tifereth) of Yeshua’s righteousness and compassion. ALL resurrected saints will have the wisdom in judgment of Solomon and the righteous walk of Yeshua.

V.5 – Because this is true, we ought to consider our flesh to be dead, not fulfilling the lusts thereof, but walking in the Ruach haKodesh’s power, blameless. Mortify means to treat as if dead. And the specifics are the deeds of the flesh; fornication, etc; all of which is idolatry. Idolatry is allowing anything to be more important than Elohim; job, family, self, stuff. Q&C

In v.6, the reference in KJV to the ‘children of disobedience’ is an exercise in anti-Semitism, as was the normal thinking of the Medieval and Renaissance church. The translators from Aramaic to Greek chose to use ‘sons’ rather than ‘deeds’.  In light of that thought, look at note 12 of the AENT (pg.605) on the wordplay between ‘son/children’ and ‘deeds’, which is how AENT translates the verse. Aramaic can be translated both ways. What one does is the ‘son’ of what he thinks, as thoughts give birth to actions. Y’hovah does not judge the children by anything but their actions/deeds, because 

Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also Torah: for sin is the transgression of Torah. (I John 3:4)

Because Torah worketh wrath: for where no Torah is, no transgression. (Romans 4:15)

3:4  πς ποιν τν μαρτίαν κατν νομίαν ποιεκαὶ ἡ ἁμαρτία στν ἡ ἀνομία

Anomia = Torahlessness. A literal translation of 1Jn.3.4 is 

Whoever performs the sin performs the Torahlessness; and the sin is the Torahlessness.

Where Torah exists, Torahlessness follows, not as a matter of course, but because we are not able to obey Torah fully as long as we are in our fallen flesh [most perform some Torah because society expects it; you shall not murder, for example]. We have generally developed a habit of Torahlessness long before we meet and begin to follow Y’hovah Yeshua haMashiyach. But as we yield to Ruach haKodesh and live our lives in obedience to Torah truth, it becomes more habitual to obey than not and we overcome our Torahlessness. This is an overcomer. 

All men are judged according to their obedience to Y’hovah’s Torah instructions. Those who live a lifestyle of sin and have not trusted the finished work/performance (ποιν) of Yeshua on the tree, are lost and Torahless without remedy; those who have trusted Yeshua’s finished ποιν/performance and yield to Ruach haKodesh begin to live IN Yeshua, who IS Torah – the 2 being inseparable. The lost are judged on their failure to obey and are therefore condemned to eternal death by Torah; the found and engrafted are judged on our obedience to Torah and rewarded, our Torahlessness having been and being placed on Y’hovah Yeshua and the debt paid through his finished (ποιν) work. 

When we ‘mortify’ (v.5) what have become our ‘members’; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affections, evil concupiscence (one of my favorite KJVisms – concupiscence = strong desire/lust) and covetousness, we are able to put off the ‘deeds of disobedience’ (v.6), IN which we walked (v.7) and which are specified in vv.8-9. It is ‘things’ and not people that bring the wrath of Elohim. So, treat those things as dead by ‘putting off’ the ‘old man’ and its ‘deeds’; live in Torah obedience, which is the proof that you have ‘put on’ the ‘new man’. Q&C

Vv.10-17 are general instructions to TorahFULLness; living in obedience to Y’hovah’s Word. After putting off the ‘old man’, we are admonished to ‘put on’ the ‘new man’. Just putting off the old does not finish the deal. What did Yeshua say about leaving a spiritual job ½ done?

43 When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest, and findeth none. 44 Then he saith, I will return into my house from whence I came out; and when he is come, he findeth it empty, swept, and garnished. 45 Then goeth he, and taketh with himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter in and dwell there: and the last state of that man is worse than the first. Even so shall it be also unto this wicked generation. (Mat.12.43-45)

When we put off the old man we need to immediately replace it with the new. We do that by applying Rom.12.1-2; renewing our minds with Y’hovah’s Torah, Neviim, Kethuvim and Brit Chadasha. Just being born of the Spirit does NOT mean we are without demonic and fleshly influences – or even outright demonic infestation. We need to read and study all of Torah, from ּבראשית to Ἀμήν – 1st word to last and allow Y’hovah to use it to literally renew our minds. 

V.11 has a couple of major differences between the Greek redaction and the Aramaic original. Aramaic does not have “Jew or Greek”, but “Jew or Aramean”. This is partly due to Sha’ul’s knowledge of the Israelite descent of the Colossian ‘gentile’ population and that Aramaic was the lingua franca of Asia minor and the rest of western Asia for over 600 years by this time (cf. Aramaic lingua franca 1st paragraph in AENT pg.715). Another difference is ‘Barbarian, Scythian’ in KJV/TR, but ‘Greek, barbarian’ in Aramaic. The note here says that the Greek redactor was trying to use a barbarian/oriental tongue, but the redactor didn’t understand that, in Aramaic, ‘bar bar’ means ‘son son’. I think Sha’ul’s point is not missed in either case that Mashiyach is all and in all. AENT is just trying to show the originality of Aramaic v. Greek.

Once again, in vv.12-14, we are instructed to ‘put on’ our Master Y’hovah Yeshua’s attitude as we ‘put on’ the ‘new man’. We need to clothe ourselves in his love and compassion, one forgiving another for slights or sins and not holding grudges against our brethren as our minds are made new in and by Mashiyach. It says to forgive others ‘AS Mashiyach forgave you’. The word ‘as’ points to a simile (from W1828)

“… similitude; a comparison of two things, which, no matter how different in other respects, have some strong point or points of resemblance; by which comparison the character or qualities of a thing are illustrated or presented in an impressive light…”

In this case, we are to so mimic Mashiyach in our attitude of forgiveness that the difference between us and the world system is readily evident. The natural man is NOT inherently forgiving; just drive in a city’s rush-hour traffic for a few minutes and it is likely that you will PERSONALLY demonstrate what the natural man is like. I do. I am not very forgiving when someone tries to move into my lane when my front bumper and fender can be easily seen in the corner of the other driver’s eye. (Indianapolis is famous for drivers who forget to put their ‘eyes on’ before entering a freeway. SOME forget to put their ‘ears on’, as well, since they fail to react to a loud 2-tone horn only 2-3 feet to their left. Damn cell phones and radios! Of course, it COULD be a government initiative to give the blind and deaf minorities the same rights and privileges as the majority.) I get a little ticked when stupid people try to kill my wife, my dog and me in order to save a second or 2 at 70 mph; not very Messiah-like of me, I know. But that’s how it is. 

Meanwhile, just to make me feel even worse about my personal witness, Paul adds v.14, where, perhaps properly since the whole passage is about unclothing ourselves of the natural man and clothing ourselves with Mashiyach, KJV adds, “‘put on’ charity”; agapaynἀγάπην. Agape is the self-effacing love that Y’hovah Yeshua haMashiyach has for all of us, including the unbeliever. 

In the Aramaic, the word ‘perfection’ in v.14 is followed immediately by the word peace in v.15. AENT’s note shows that though the words are different, they have very similar meanings (cf.note 15 on pg. 606). 

Thou (that is Y’hovah, as v.4 makes VERY plain) wilt keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on thee: because he trusteth in thee. (Isaiah 26:3↑-4↓)

בטחו ביהוה עדי־עד כי ביה יהוה צור עולמים׃ 

That last is v.4, which begins with the word ‘trust’ (batach) and then names Y’hovah 3 times. It’s very plain that if we trust Y’hovah he keeps us in perfect peace, and Sha’ul seems to making that midrashic point in Col.3.14-15 (remember that there are no chapters or verse numbers in the originals), that all the things he’s said, from mortifying our fleshly nature to putting off the deeds of disobedience to putting on obedience in Mashiyach, come as a result of our trusting Y’hovah Yeshua. 

In vv.15-17, the Shalom of Y’hovah, the object of our deliverance and the gospel in a nut-shell, should go forth from us to all our brethren in Mashiyach. When we are angrily at odds with our brethren, we are not manifesting Shalom, are we? If our brother in Mashiyach doesn’t want to live in peace, we are better off just eschewing contact with him, for he will break our peace. If he wants to discuss our differences, we can learn from each other. We may not come to agreement, but we can discuss differences in shalom and love each other. It’s about having Messiah’s attitude of meekness, quiet strength. The body of Mashiyach is one, as Y’hovah is one. We ought to display that. 

We need to model a Torah lifestyle, which can only be done by assimilating Torah. To do this we need to ingest it, read and study Torah to show ourselves approved workmen that need not be ashamed by interpreting it correctly; not twisting numbered sound-bytes to make it seem to agree with us. 

Study to shew thyself approved unto Eloha, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. (II Timothy 2:15)

“Rightly dividing” = cut straight. Q&C

Vv.18-25 deal with personal relationships within families. These are general instructions on how to live in the home, not carte blanche for the leadership of the kahal to rule our homes. That is Nicolaitanism (conquerors of the people); a thing Y’hovah Yeshua HATES. 

But this thou hast, that thou hatest the deeds of the Nicolaitanes, which I also hate. 

So hast thou also them that hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitanes, which thing I hate. (Rev.2:6, 15)

Wives! You are to be in subjection to your own husbands (NOT Nicolaitan pastors or rabbis), as the kahal is in subjection to Mashiyach. It doesn’t seem to differentiate between believing and unbelieving husbands and Kefa is pretty explicit that the wife ought to be subject to her unbelieving husband as a matter of witness to him,

1 Likewise, ye wives, in subjection to your own husbands; that, if any obey not the word, they also may without the word be won by the conversation of the wives; 2 While they behold your chaste conversation with fear. (1Kefa 3.1-2)

Imagine the wife’s witness to her husband when he sees how his buddies’ wives are with them! There may be no greater witness to the love of Y’hovah than the believing wife’s subjection to her unbelieving husband. And I don’t think this applies only to wives of unbelievers. She should also be a good example of what a godly wife is to her children, so that they will practice what their mother’s model for them. The godly husband will make this easy for her, as she will see Mashiyach in the character of her husband’s rule of the home and actually WANT to be his subject, as his yoke is easy and his burden light. 

Get it, guys?! If you are having trouble with a rebellious wife, guess whose probably at fault. Hint: It ain’t HER! If you love your wife like Mashiyach does the kahal, she is going to willingly be subject to you and you are golden. And you also will probably have your children in subjection, as well.

Kids! That 5th Commandment comes in here.

Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land Y’hovah Elohecha giveth thee. (Exodus 20:12)

That is not just long personal life that is promised to you, but a long possession of property so that you can pass it on to your descendants and so that THEY can hold it as long as THEY honour their parents. As the generational curse is broken when a child repents and loves Y’hovah (which means that he obeys his commandments), so the generational blessing can be broken when a child turns and despises Y’hovah (which means that he counts Y’hovah’s commandments as dung or useless). So, even if your father ISN’T godly, you are to live in subjection to him as the same type of witness your mother is to be.

Fathers! You are to NOT provoke the anger of your children. This will likely only come into play if the father repents and his children do not. Believing parents should be raising their children in the nurture and admonition of Y’hovah, so this should not be an issue. But men who convert when the children are already trained to be pagans will need to walk a fine line, showing the love of Y’hovah through wisdom and understanding while not condoning a lifestyle of sin. 

Employees/servants! Give an honest day’s work for an honest day’s pay – anything less is theft!

Everyone! Whatever you do, do it as unto Y’hovah Yeshua (cf. AENT note at Lk.2.11 on pg.148), for ultimately, THAT is who you are serving; not your husband, father, wife, child, or master/employer. Do your best and do it honestly. If you don’t, you will ‘bear your iniquity’, the physical consequences of your actions. 

4.1-6 – Employers/masters! Don’t oppress your servants/employees by shorting them what wages they are due. 

13 In the year of this jubile ye shall return every man unto his possession. 14 And if thou sell ought unto thy neighbour, or buyest of thy neighbour’ hand, ye shall not oppress one another: 15 According to the number of years after the jubile thou shalt buy of thy neighbour; according unto the number of years of the fruits he shall sell unto thee: 16 According to the multitude of years thou shalt increase the price thereof, and according to the fewness of years thou shalt diminish the price of it: for to the number of the fruits doth he sell unto thee. 17 Ye shall not therefore oppress one another; but thou shalt fear Elohecha: for I Y’hovah Elohechem. (Lev.25.13-17)

14 Thou shalt not oppress an hired servant poor and needy, of thy brethren, or of thy strangers in thy land within thy gates: 15 At his day thou shalt give his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it; for he is poor, and setteth his heart upon it: lest he cry against thee unto Y’hovah, and it be sin unto thee. (Deut.24.14-15)

Y’hovah is not pleased or amused when one brother oppresses another, OR when a Yisraelite oppresses a stranger who lives and works ‘in the land’. 

Prayer is a sign of a believer. We all ought to pray more than we do, I suppose. I ought to pray more than I do, anyway. We have a source of abundant power and resources – more abundant than we could possibly imagine, for there is no limit to the power of Y’hovah. Sha’ul covets the prayers of the saints for him, that Y’hovah would open his mouth to spread the besorah that Y’hovah wants to live in perfect peace with his creatures; us! 

The mystery of Mashiyach that Sha’ul speaks of is the revelation of Mashiyach in the Tanakh that the rabbis either missed or ignored. They didn’t recognize it, anyway, for they did to Paul what he was sent to Damascus to do with the people of the Way – shut him up in prison. Yeah! THAT worked well for them didn’t it? He wrote 2/3 of the Brith Chadashah from prison. He wants to ‘unfold’ the mystery of Mashiyach, I think for the Jews of the diaspora, as well as the Ephraimites in the world. He may or may not have known how much influence he would have over future history. But he certainly did, and therefore we know that Y’hovah answered the prayers of the Colossian kahal. 

End of Midrashic Bible Study.

Shabbat Bible Study for October 6, 2018

Shabbat Bible Study for October 6, 2018

©2018 Mark Pitrone and Fulfilling Torah Ministries

Year 3 Sabbath 30

Deuteronomy 9:1-29 – Jeremiah 3:1-2 – Psalm 127 – Ephesians 2:1-36

Links:

Devarim 9.1-6 – Moshe begins a litany of Israel’s offenses against Y’hovah over the last 40 years of Wilderness Adventure. He mentions, almost in passing, that Israel is less culpable before him than the Cana’ani they are going to dispossess, but they are not to rely on their national ‘virtue’ to carry them through to victory. If Y’hovah held them to the strict standard the church has always said they had to maintain, they would already also be toast. In fact, there have been numerous occasions when he’d have destroyed the nation to the last man and made Moshe a nation, had it not been for Moshe’s gap-standing intercession on Israel’s behalf and on behalf of Y’hovah’s righteous Name [the latter, Y’hovah’s Name, being the thing he was looking for Moshe to uphold]. On this point of relative righteousness, Schottenstein’s Chumash has a good prefatory comment on vv.4-6 on pp. 62-63. Rashi and Ramban actually agree there, that Israel is NOT all that AND a bag of chips. In fact, they aren’t really even the bag of chips. Both stress that Y’hovah did not favor Israel over the Cana’ani because they were intrinsically better ACTORS than Cana’an or that they were particularly adept at fighting and winning battles. They were favored for Avraham, Yitzchak and Ya’acov’s sakes to whom Y’hovah had PROMISED this land for their family. THIS is STILL why Israel is favored; NOT because they are more righteous than their neighbors, but because Y’hovah PROMISED. Here’s what Treasury of Scripture Knowledge, a Xian resource , says about “Not for” in v.5

Not for: Though the Canaanites were expelled for their wickedness, it does not follow, that the Israelites were established in their room on account of any distinguished virtue, or because they deserved it. On many occasions, it may be seen in the history of the world, that God punishes the wicked by the instrumentality of other men, who are as wicked as themselves. Not the Israelites’ righteousness, but the wickedness of the inhabitants, and the promise of God to their fathers, was the cause of their obtaining Canaan.

We Netzari believers LIKEWISE are not more favored than the wicked people around us because WE are all that and a bag of chips, either. WE are not BETTER than the heathen around us. We are better OFF than they due to our Hebraic style of faith, doing what we say we believe at least some of the time by his gracious provision.

8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: the gift of Eloha: 9 Not of works, lest any man should boast. 10 For we are his workmanship, created in Mashiyach Yeshua unto good works, which Eloha hath before ordained that we should walk in them. [Eph.2.8-10]

In vv.2-3 Moshe tells Israel that they will destroy the Cana’ani by HIS power, not their own, as Paraoh, Amalek and Amor had been.

11 And the magicians could not stand before Moshe [Ex.9] 

8 Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim. 13 And Joshua discomfited Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword. 14 And Y’hovah said unto Moshe, Write this a memorial in a book, and rehearse in the ears of Joshua: for I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven. 16 For he said, Because Y’hovah hath sworn Y’hovah to war with Amalek from generation to generation. [Ex.17.8, 13, 14, 16]

And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, saying, And Sihon would not suffer Israel to pass through his border: but Sihon gathered all his people together, and went out against Israel into the wilderness: and he came to Jahaz, and fought against Israel. 24 And Israel smote him with the edge of the sword, and possessed his land from Arnon unto Jabbok, even unto the children of Ammon: for the border of the children of Ammon strong. [Num.21.21, 23-24]

Q&C

Vv.7-29 – Moshe here lists a number of times, not an exhaustive account by any means, that Israel has ‘gone a-whoring’ to their own will and ways. He doesn’t even bring up, except in passing [v.7], Meribah or the other incidents of rebellion between Egypt and Sinai, but only the time AFTER they’d agreed to the Covenant – at LEAST 4 times at the foot of Sinai; 

19.7 And Moshe came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which Y’hovah commanded him. 8 And all the people answered together [through their representatives – Mark edit], and said, All that Y’hovah hath spoken we will do. And Moshe returned the words of the people unto Y’hovah. 

18 And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw, they removed, and stood afar off. 19 And they said unto Moshe, Speak thou with us, and we will hear [shema – Mark edit]: but let not Eloha speak with us, lest we die.

24.3 And Moshe came and told the people all the words of Y’hovah, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words which Y’hovah hath said will we do. 7 And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that Y’hovah hath said will we do, and be obedient.[Ex.19.7-8, 20.18-19, 24.3, 7]

The use of Chorev [H2722] in v.8 is kinda interesting, since the word means ‘desolation’, which is what happened to Israel in the ‘golden calf’ incident. The nation desolated itself by bowing to the idols and debauching before them. The root verb of Chorev is H2717 charav, which means ‘to parch or lose vitality’, which was the spiritual condition of the Israelite nation as they played the harlot at the foot of Sinai – the very place where they had agreed to do what Y’hovah had commanded them AT LEAST 4 times. 

Now, don’t get all puffed up because YOU would never do such a thing, because you probably have at least once already today. I am sharing this on 6Oct2018, and reviewing it on 30Aug2018, but I know myself well enough to know that I have probably already transgressed Torah today – BOTH days. And in that I have already stood at Chorev TODAY. HalleluYah! that Mashiyach Yeshua intercedes for me because I SOMETIMES have a heart to obey him, even as Moshe stood in the gap for Yisrael and for Y’hovah’s Name before a rightfully angry Y’hovah Tzavaoth. 

Moshe speaks for the rest of this chapter about the events surrounding the golden calf;

  • How he went up on the mountain at Y’hovah’s command and was given the bullet points of the covenant and how Yisrael was to implement their part of it, which he told them first thing upon his return to the foot of Sinai after 40 days and nights – outside of time and space – in Y’hovah’s throneroom. He was so full of life and well rested after his 40 days without food or drink that he stayed up all night to write a hard copy of what he’d told them and then read it to them that morning. Their agreement to do all that Y’hovah had covenanted with them the night before and again that day were the nation’s 3rd and 4th signatures to the covenant, 
  • How he went BACK up the mount for another 40 days and nights to receive the details of the covenant, of which the written record Moshe had just delivered was the outline, 
  • How Israel, and even Aharon and probably the other Levi’im, had had a part in the corruption, KJV’s use of ‘corrupted’ [H7843 shachath שחת, ‘to corrupt or degenerate irreversibly’] is interesting. Here are a couple of other uses;

16 Lest ye corrupt and make you a graven image, the similitude of any figure, the likeness of male or female, [Dt.4.16] 

11 The earth also was corrupt before Eloha, and the earth was filled with violence. 12  And Eloha looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth. [Gen.6.11-12]

– every use of ‘corrupt’ is from H7843, shachath, to degenerate irreversibly.

  • How Y’hovah warned Moshe that he was righteous to wipe Israel out,
  • How Moshe demonstrated Israel’s rebellion by destroying the tables of the testimony,

Again, from TSK on ‘cast them’:

Moses might have done this through distress and anguish of spirit, on beholding their abominable idolatry and dissolute conduct; or probably he did it emblematically, and perhaps by the direction of God; intimating thereby, that as by this act of his the tables were broken in pieces, on which the Law of God was written, so they, by their present conduct, had made a breach in the covenant, and broken the laws of their Maker and Sovereign,

  • How Moshe stood in the gap for Yisrael, for Y’hovah’s Name and for Aharon, whom Y’hovah thought to destroy,
  • How Moshe burnt and ground the image with fire and strewed it over the waters of Rephidim,
  • How Israel transgressed at Massah and Kibroth-hattaavah 
  • and Kadesh-Barnea, and were denied passage into the Land until the whole adult population of Israel [except the 2 Yisraelite spies] died because they would not believe Y’hovah’s Word, but followed the tourist’s word instead,
  • How Moshe stood in the gap for Yisrael’s and the Patriarchs’ sakes, and for the sake of Y’hovah’s Name before the heathen and especially Egypt.

Q&C

YirmeYahu 3.1-2 – This is a direct reference to 

1 When a man hath taken a wife, and married her, and it come to pass that she find no favour in his eyes, because he hath found some uncleanness in her: then let him write her a bill of divorcement, and give in her hand, and send her out of his house. 2 And when she is departed out of his house, she may go and be another man’s. 3 And if the latter husband hate her, and write her a bill of divorcement, and giveth in her hand, and sendeth her out of his house; or if the latter husband die, which took her his wife; 4 Her former husband, which sent her away, may not take her again to be his wife, after that she is defiled; for that abomination before Y’hovah: and thou shalt not cause the land to sin, which Y’hovah Elohecha giveth thee an inheritance. [Dt.24.1-4] 

except that Y’hovah Elohenu asks us to return to him,

      … yet return again to me, saith Y’hovah. [v.1] 

He cares very deeply that we went after other gods, but he wants us to return to him. He lived in flesh like ours and knows experientially what we go through and he empathizes/sympathizes with us, so much so that he made a way for us to escape the fate we’d taken on ourselves. He directs us in v.2 to look at and understand what we’ve done against him, and to make our teshuvah, to repent of what we KNEW full well was a transgression of his commandments to us. We very seldom sin against him that we don’t KNOW we are sinning BEFORE we actually do it. He knows we are not stupid. He knows that his commands are simple. But he also knows that in our flesh they are NOT easy; and he empathizes/sympathizes with us. He WANTS us to walk in his ways, and he graciously supplies the power for us to do so by his indwelling Ruach haKodesh, his set-apart Spirit. He tells us in v.2 to look for those things we have NOT corrupted and to fix on THOSE things, not the places where we have failed and then repented, confessed and been forgiven. That doesn’t give us carte blanche to transgress his Word, for we are not being sanctified in areas over which we keep control. But the blood of Yeshua has covered and made restitution for our sins and iniquities. Those things we have been forgiven are also forgotten by Y’hovah’s choice because he no longer looks at us as transgressors, but as his Son’s Bride and as His sons, 

34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know Y’hovah: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith Y’hovah: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more. [Jer.31.34]

The sin that Y’hovah has forgiven no longer exists and is as if it never did exist. There are only 2 places the memory of them still exists

  1. in our own minds, and
  2. in haSatan’s mind

In the New Creation, Y’hovah will wipe our minds of the memory of our transgressions and he will have already sent haSatan to the Lake of Fire for utter destruction. 

19 He will turn again, he will have compassion upon us; he will subdue our iniquities; and thou wilt cast all their sins into the depths of the sea. [Mic.7.19]

So, we need to be mindful of that truth and not beat ourselves up over sins that have been repented of, confessed and forgiven. And when they DO come to mind, we need to

  1. rebuke haSatan over the memory and then 
  2. Hallel Y’hovah that he has forgiven it and also made us blameless by his stripes and death on the tree.

Q&C

Tehellim 127   This song of ascent was written FOR Schlomo, not BY him. As you probably know, Schlomo went after multiple wives/concubines, mostly as alliance sealers, but for each of them he built an altar to and worshipped those wives’ deities. He might just as well have bowed to the golden calf at Chorev. [Isn’t it amazing how the Psalm, chosen sequentially, so readily correspond to the Torah parshah? BTW, here comes some MAJOR conjecture.] 

Whoever wrote this song of ascent KNEW Schlomo’s Torah transgression and was herein telling Schlomo to repent and confess his sin and iniquity in disobeying Y’hovah by accumulating wives, horses and chariots. The Temple was still in the building stage when this psalm was delivered to him, so there is that application, as well. Did Y’hovah build Schlomo’s house? He did, but not due to Schlomo’s tzedekah, but David’s. Yehudah didn’t continue for 400 more years because of Schlomo’s righteousness, but David’s. Schlomo was just a regular guy like me and you, but who happened to be born into the house of the king of that part of the world, so he lived quite opulently, perhaps indulgently; spoiled. There is no reference to Schlomo ever engaging in a battle with an enemy. His kingdom’s power was created by David’s military and political prowess, not Schlomo’s. IF my conjecture about Schlomo’s less than Davidic character is correct this psalm is a rebuke to him from Ruach haKodesh, with a blessing attached, depending on a positive response. 

If this conjecture has any legs, Shlomo is being told that unless he turns to Y’hovah’s Way his house will not stand. He is being told in v.1 that he needs to get his hands out of the ‘house building’ business [I don’t think Schlomo ever held a saw or hammer in his hand], presumably because MOST of the ones Schlomo had had built were to foreign elohims. V.2 speaks to the uselessness of watchmen if the city has gone a-whoring and despises or contemns Y’hovah. 

Then he addresses the numerous children Shlomo probably had, what with all those “concu-wives”. Vv.3-5, if the conjecture holds true, is one of the 1st inklings that Y’hovah will be dividing the kingdom, as ‘THEY’, that is, Shlomo’s kids, will not be ashamed and will speak with enemies in his very own gates, as did ChizkiYahu to MerodachBaladan’s officers.

At that time Merodachbaladan, the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a present to ChizkiYahu: for he had heard that he had been sick, and was recovered. [Isa. 39.1]

I would not be surprised to learn that MerodachBaladan was his father’s Director of National Security, like the NSA chief today. Now that might have SEEMED like a blessing to Chizkiyahu, but when YeshaYahu heard about the Babylonian king’s officers’ being in the city, he asked ChizkiYahu what he’d shown them, which was everything, and Y’hovah spoke prophecy through him,

5 Then said Isaiah to ChizkiYahu, Hear the word of Y’hovah of hosts: 6 Behold, the days come, that all in thine house, and which thy fathers have laid up in store until this day shall be carried to Babylon: nothing shall be left, saith Y’hovah. 7 And of thy sons that shall issue from thee, which thou shalt beget, shall they take away; and they shall be eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon. [Is.39.5-7]

ChananYahu, Mishael, AzarYahu and Daniel were all sons of ChizkiYahu, who told Isaiah it was good that it wasn’t going to happen in his lifetime or his own son’s. I think Shlomo had the same kind of reaction to the news AviYahu brought him about 10 tribes being severed from his son; “Oh, well! At least I won’t see it!” 

The prophetic significance of vv.3-5 is that from Shlomo’s loins would eventually proceed Mashiyach ben David, the ultimate MelchiZedek high priest. Q&C

Ephesians 2-3Eph.2.1-3 – Remember the pronouns, YOU = formerly gentile believers, WE = Yehudim believers in Mashiyach Yeshua, US = all the believers together as one body, THEY/THEM = the Pharisee CCers, whether believers or not. In this sentence that encompasses all of the 1st 3 verses, Sha’ul begins drawing the You’s and the We’s together as Us/We All. He is primarily addressing the former gentiles in vv.1-4. They were drawn naturally to the sins of the flesh, having had no Torah to teach them Y’hovah’s Way. But he also includes himself and his Yehudim brethren in the same boat, because Sha’ul was nothing if not brutally honest. Just as the gentiles were slaves to their lusts according to the directions of the flesh and possibly (though not certainly) with the influence of haSatan, so were the Yehudim. Remember that in Rom.7 Sha’ul said he was made aware of just how covetous he was when he actually thought about the 10th commandment for the first time. 

What shall we say then? Is Torah sin? Eloha forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except Torah had said, Thou shalt not covet. (Romans 7:7)

Do you suppose it was/is the same with most Yehudim? I would be willing to wager, without MUCH chance involved. I don’t think his problem was lusting over OTHER people’s stuff, but lusting for what he already had,

4 Though I might also have confidence in the flesh. If any other man thinketh that he hath whereof he might trust in the flesh, I more: 5 Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, the tribe of BenYamin, an Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching the law [oral – M], a Pharisee; 6 Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness which is in Torah, blameless. 7 But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Mashiyach. (Phil.3.4-7)

[I think Paul was the rich young man [Matt.19] who coveted his stuff; ^ THIS ^ stuff + his father’s estate.]

Vv.4-7 – “But Eloha” are quite probably the sweetest words in scripture, aren’t they? As wicked as we can be without even knowing it, Y’hovah is knowingly that merciful towards us, full of love for which we are throughly undeserving. He, by his gracious favor, quickened us together with Mashiyach Yeshua when he raised him from death, and seats us in eternity in Mashiyach and through him allows us to inherit in his Kingdom. 

Vv.8-10 – It is by his gracious favor to usward that we are delivered by the faith of Mashiyach. This faith needs to be seen in the Hebraic sense that faith is both mental assent to truth and obedience working out that truth. Remember that it is not OUR faith that secures our deliverance from the law of sin and death, but the finished work of Mashiyach Yeshua on the tree, in the grave and upon his resurrection. 

Even the righteousness of Eloha which is by faith of Yeshua haMashiyach unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference: (Romans 3:22)

Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Yeshua haMashiyach, even we have believed in Yeshua haMashiyach, that we might be justified by the faith of Mashiyach, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law… I am crucified with Mashiyach: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Mashiyach liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of Eloha, who loved me, and gave himself for me. (Galatians 2:16, 20)

That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Yeshua haMashiyach; that we might receive the promise of Ruach through faith… But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Yeshua haMashiyach might be given to them that believe. (Galatians 3:14, 22)

12 Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling. 13 For it is Eloha which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure. [Phil.2.12-13]

My brethren, have not the faith of our Master Yeshua haMashiyach, the Master of glory, with respect of persons. (James 2:1)

And now, we haltingly obey his commandments as we submit to his Ruach haKodesh, who supplies the spiritual power we need to comply and to thereby overcome the wicked one – our/my own fleshly self and, on occasion, haSatan and his hordes. We ARE his workmanship. He has created us IN Mashiyach UNTO obedience. W/o Ruach of Mashiyach, we could not obey. I purposely left out the references of our faith IN Mashiyach, because I didn’t want to confuse the issue. But suffice it to say that our FAITH is IN Mashiyach in exactly the same way that WE are IN Mashiyach. It is not OUR faith in Mashiyach that saves us, but HIS faith, the faith OF Mashiyach that delivers us from death to life IN HIM. We English speakers, who were raised in the deception of the church’s political leadership, think that faith is mere belief, while Hebrew speakers understand that every word is based in ACTION, not merely concept. If you claim to be in Mashiyach and you understand that concept to be true, but your understanding hasn’t affected your life and produced the effect of obedience, your faith is useless; your faith is dead.

Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone… For as the body without Ruach is dead, so faith without works is dead also. (James 2:17, 26) 

Q&C

Vv.11-13 – Here are our pronouns again, and put to good use. YE (former gentiles) WERE afar off; w/o Mashiyach, goyim, gerim, hopeless, w/o Eloha though surrounded by gods; but are NOW brought near by Mashiyach’s blood. He is OUR shalom, having made the two (We and Ye = us) echad. Now; today; in the physical world, we still have 2 houses extant, comprised of Yehudah, who have been conditioned to distrust Xians and will not accept that many are being drawn to Torah by Mashiyach, and Ephraim and full goyim, who have been conditioned to distrust Yehudah by the same anti-Jewish Xian ‘fathers’ who perpetrated the crusades, inquisitions and pogroms that made the Yehudim distrustful of all things that name Yeshua as their Mashiyach. But IN Mashiyach there is no Jew/Greek, no bond/free, no male/female dichotomy. All are echad in him as Y’hovah is echad. 

The middle wall of partition, friends, is the oral traditions that keep us from breaking Torah, while also keeping us from truly obeying Torah. The context of the sentence also shows that that middle wall is the enmity that stands between us. Yeshua abolished that middle wall (passed which, in the 2nd Temple, a gentile could not enter) and the enmity it represents between Yehudi and goyish believer in the same Y’hovah Elohenu by Y’hovah Yeshua’s finished work on the tree. By that work, as we said before, he made of the 2 one body. See that he reconciled us to Eloha – we are one in Eloha, as well as in Mashiyach by Yeshua’s abolition of enmity between goyish and Yehudi believers. The enmity was not just between goy and Yehudi, but also between BOTH human houses and Eloha, between the Shalom Yeshua brings that is BOTH between us 2 human houses AND between both houses and Y’hovah. <<< THIS is why I say that the gospel in a nutshell is, “You can have PEACE with the Creator of the universe.” What better news could there be to a world lost and dying? All we need to do after they see that their problem is enmity with Y’hovah is to show them the delivery vehicle of Yeshua’s death, burial and resurrection. 

And so, we former gentiles are made citizens in the Israelite Commonwealth and members of Eloha’s family, built on the foundation of the sent out prophets [schlichim] of Y’hovah and the cornerstone of Mashiyach.   

The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner. (Psalms 118:22)

In that day shall there be an altar to Y’hovah in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar at the border thereof to Y’hovah. (Isaiah 19:19)

The HEADstone of the corner describes only one stone I can think of – a pyramid’s CAPstone, as it is placed at the head of the pyramid and stands over ALL 4 corners of it. In Mashiyach, all the body, from the 4 corners of the earth will be brought together as echad and in him we will be one as Y’hovah is one – absolute Shalom. Q&C

End of Shabbat Bible Study

Shabbat Bible Study for September 29, 2018

Shabbat Bible Study for September 29, 2018

©2018 Mark Pitrone and Fulfilling Torah Ministries

Year 3 Sabbath 29

Deuteronomy 8:1-20 – Jeremiah 9:22-24 – Psalm 126 – Luke 4:1-12

Links:

Devarim 8.1-9 – The word that KJV translates as ‘commandments’ is a singular in Hebrew – כל המצוה – chol hamitzvah, the whole commandment. Schottenstein’s Chumash has a very good comment on this on pg. 58. The rabbis say that Israelites are to keep the WHOLE of the Toroth, not pick and choose which are for them. They are ALL for us all to guard to do, either in a positive or negative manner. If the positive commandments apply to us, then we are to guard them by doing them. If the commands do NOT apply to us we are to guard them by NOT doing them. Every command of Torah applies to us all in either a positive or negative sense. We strengthen our own lives, our ETERNAL lives [or deaths], by the proper [or improper] application of the commandments. You do yourself well to observe to DO those commands that apply to you and do yourself dirt by observing to DO what does NOT apply to you. For example, if you are a Levi, you do yourself well to observe to do those commands that apply to the Levi’im; If you are NOT a Levi, you do yourself dirt by arrogating to yourself to observe to do what applies only to Levi’im. Rav Sha’ul tells us pretty much the same thing in 

1 Furthermore then we beseech you, brethren, and exhort by Y’hovah Yeshua, that as ye have received of us how ye ought to walk and to please Eloha, ye would abound more and more. 2 For ye know what commandments we gave you by Y’hovah Yeshua. [1Thess.4.1-2]

I think what I said about Levi’im above also goes for those who call themselves “Messianic Rabbi” when they have not spent the time and done the studies that are required for a rabbi to gain that title in traditional Yehudism. I consider it arrogant, and so do Yehudi rabbis, which is a terrible witness to them. Rabbi [root = Strongs H7227 – rav] means ‘my chief’ or ‘my great one’. A rabbi is the leader of a congregation and got the title by studying Torah and Talmud for a decade or more under the tutelage of senior rabbis. IOW, PLEASE do not call me rabbi, especially in public, unless you really want a public dressing down. 

V.2 sets up the rest of the chapter, as Y’hovah tells Israel through Moshe to זכרת zacharta, thou shalt remember, how Y’hovah led me through the last 40 years to humble and test me so that he could see what was in my heart, to see if I would do what he commanded or not. This command is individual, not corporate. There is not one plural word used in this chapter until v.19. If I remember I’ll comment on that then. Right here he even calls himself Y’hovah Elohecha, thy Eloha. If Israel is listening intently, they are hearing these as personal commandments. 

11 Wherefore remember, that ye in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands; 12 That at that time ye were without Mashiyach, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without Eloha in the world: [Eph.2.11-12] remember

14 I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other: for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted. [Lk.18.14] humble

3 Knowing that the trying of your faith worketh patience. [Yacov 1.3] prove

7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Yeshua Mashiyach: [1Pe.1.7] try

9  The heart, deceitful above all and desperately wicked: who can know it? 10 I, Y’hovah, search the heart, try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, according to the fruit of his doings. [YirmeYahu 17.9-10] know

The rest of the chapter shows Israel just how Y’hovah humbles and tries them, both individually and corporately with the emphasis on the individual.

V.3 begins to show how Y’hovah humbled and tried us, beginning with the provision of the manna when we murmured against him, showing us that our individual lives, physical and spiritual, are sustained by HIS provision, whether we had anything to do with bringing it forth from the ground or not. He also makes the point that they, as well as Moshe and Yehoshua, COULD have been sustained more by attending to the Word of Y’hovah than by attending to the manna. He proved THAT by providing for the Shabbats for forty years on the 6th day so they would not have to go out to gather the manna on Shabbat. He further showed his provision for them [v.4] by not letting their clothing go to tattered rags or their shoes to wear down to nothing for the whole 40 years. Here’s what Treasury of Scripture Knowledge says about this verse;

Many have attempted to give the following meaning to this text – “God so amply provided for them all the necessaries of life, that they never were obliged to wear tattered garments, nor were their feet injured for lack of shoes or sandals.” Now, though the Israelites doubtless brought out of Egypt more raiment than what they had upon them; and they might manufacture the fleeces of their flocks in the wilderness; and also might be favoured by Providence with other supplies from the neighbouring nations or travelling hordes of Arabs; yet, when we consider their immense numbers, their situation and long continuance in the wilderness, and the very strong expressions made use of in the text, why should we question the extraordinary and miraculous interposition of God in this respect, as well as in others, not less stupendous in their nature, or constant in their supply?

5 And I have led you forty years in the wilderness: your clothes are not waxen old upon you, and thy shoe is not waxen old upon thy foot. [Deut.29.5]

In vv.5-6, he tells us not just to remember, but to consider, to know [yada] or to think about how he treated each of them individually as his own beloved children, not as red-haired step-children. 

28 Because he considereth, and turneth away from all his transgressions that he hath committed, he shall surely live, he shall not die. [Yechezkel 18.28]

He corrected them when they needed correction and rewarded them with blessing when they obeyed, and the ultimate blessing is right over the river they are getting ready to cross over [vv.7-9]. Israel’s crossing of Yarden is a shadow picture of our crossing from death [exile] into life [inheritance]. 

13 But now in Mashiyach Yeshua ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Mashiyach. 14 For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition, 15a Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, 15c for to make in himself of twain one new man, 16 And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby: 17 And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh. [Eph.2.13-17] 

Vv.10-20 V.10 is where we get the idea that we thank Y’hovah for his provision that has satisfied us AFTER we have eaten, while we bless Y’hovah for his provding that of which we are about to partake. 

19 And he commanded the multitude to sit down on the grass, and took the five loaves, and the two fishes, and looking up to heaven, he blessed, and brake, and gave the loaves to the talmidim, and the talmidim to the multitude. [Matt.14.19]

31For if I by grace be a partaker, why am I evil spoken of for that for which I give thanks? [1Cor.10.31]

We are to remember to bless him both before and after our meal, when we look out at the land that he has given us as an inheritance in fulfillment of his promise to Avinu Avraham and when we harvest the crops and milk our cattle and go up for his feasts to give him back the tithe and in everything that he has provided to us and for us.  

7 Two things have I required of thee; deny me not before I die: 8 Remove far from me vanity and lies: give me neither poverty nor riches; feed me with food convenient for me: 9 Lest I be full, and deny and say, Who is Y’hovah? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God. [Pro.30.7-9]

How would we bring reproach on Y’hovah’s Name? V.17 tells us, by ascribing the good of our land, crops and cattle to ourselves and not to his provision. Chumash has a good comment on vv.14-17 on pg.61. In the middle of v.19 Y’hovah changes from speaking to the nation as individuals [thee. thou, thy] to speaking to them as a whole [you, ye, your]. I think that when they started thinking as individuals and ascribing their success to themselves and NOT to Y’hovah that he started to bring about the national slide into hedonism and idolatry which eventually led to their being carried off into Assyria and Babylon and after a short return to the land, the Greco-Roman diaspora. 

16 But they mocked the messengers of Eloha, and despised his words, and misused his prophets, until the wrath of Y’hovah arose against His people, till no remedy. 17 Therefore He brought upon them the king of the Chaldees, who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion upon young man or maiden, old man, or him that stooped for age: He gave all into his hand. [2Chron.36.16-17]

Exile prophetically signifies death. We are still in exile, we are still manifesting our rebellion and resultant death. Q&C

YirmeYahu 9.22-24 – What YirmeYahu is commanded to speak to Israel is that, after Y’hovah was faithful to deliver them through all the sh-sh-tuff that he brought them through during the Wilderness Adventure for 40 years, as we rehearsed in the Torah portion, they decided that it really WAS their own merit that brought them through it and that they could thumb their noses at him and do whatever they pleased. HE was inconsequential to their well- being. So Y’hovah was going to have to bring the judgments he’d promised to judge them with in Lev.26 and would remind them of later in the day of our Torah portion’s delivery. 

This was not his first choice, but it was all they were leaving open to him and he was going to do it. It really doesn’t matter what you have done or not done in service to him; if it becomes a source of pride in your life; if you, like Israel, decide that it is your just DUE to have his blessing on your life and that he could not have done those things without you, he will remove that blessing and allow you to deal with the natural consequences of your pride. 

But, HALLELUYAH! This does not HAVE to be! If you will humble yourself, repent, turn from your wicked way and pray to him for his pardon, he SHALL repent of the evil he never wanted to bring against you in the 1st place. After the Temple was completed, 

And Y’hovah appeared to Schlomo by night, and said unto him, I have heard thy prayer, and have chosen this place to myself for an house of sacrifice. 13 If I shut up heaven that there be no rain, or if I command the locusts to devour the land, or if I send pestilence among my people; 14 If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land. 15 Now mine eyes shall be open, and mine ears attent unto the prayer in this place. [2Chron.7.12-15]

Y’hovah is always – ALWAYS – ready to forgive us when we humble ourselves before him. The only reason he brings judgments and cursing against us is that we forget him and his gracious and loving provision. We are really arrogant, I more than anyone, to think that he OWES me anything. He owes me nothing, and I owe him everything.

Steve Green sang a song about 20 years ago or so, whose chorus went like this:

I Repent; making no excuses

I repent, no one else to blame

And I return, to fall in love with Yeshua

I bow down on my knees

And I repent.

Q&C

Tehellim 126 – And when we remember what Y’hovah has done for us, as he describes to us in our Torah portion today: and when we have succumbed to the all too human tendency to arrogantly ascribe all our good fortune and the wonderful things of life that we enjoy to ourselves instead of to him who is the true source of all our blessings; and when we are brought through our suffering to the TRUE knowledge of where all our blessings derive, as we learned in our haftarah portion today: THEN we rejoice in his lovingkindness; his patience, and his care for us, as did NehemYahu, or Ezra, or their contemporary who wrote this song of ascent, and we gratefully bring our tithe into the Storehouse to which the 42 ascending steps lead. Q&C 

Luke 4.1-14 – Taken from my study in The Life of Yeshua haMashiyach – a Messianic’s Perspective.

48). The temptation of Yeshua – Mat.4.1-11, Mark 1.12-13,  Lk.4.1-13 – In Mark, Yeshua is driven by the Spirit into the wilderness, while in Matthew and Luke, he is led by the Spirit. The whole tone of Mark is different from the other gospels. He shows Yeshua as a tireless servant, at times having no time to eat, working miracle after miracle to prove the divinity claimed by the author in 1.1. Relative to the other gospels, it seems as if the author is just getting the preliminaries out of the way so he can get to his main point. The audience is probably Roman or gentile believers, who would not know the OT prophecies and for whom they would be superfluous. Mark does not refer to anything close to the number of prophecies that Luke, Matthew, or Yochanan do. He is trying to show the suffering Son of Elohim. As usual, any minor differences in the fine points of the narratives are matters of perspective of the author or of the intended audience.

Luke and Matthew both mention the 40-day fast, Mark only that Yeshua was in the wilderness 40 days. All the writers say that he was tempted of Satan for the entire time, Matthew even says the temptation was the reason for his going there. The details are very similar in Matt and Luke. The third last temptation has to do with Yeshua’s hunger for food, his need to feed his body. First Satan questions Yeshua’s divinity, ‘If thou be the Son of Eloha’, as if he could get him with the same ploy with which he’d gotten Chavah. Then he worked on physical weakness, or rather, was depending on it and the lust of the flesh to defeat the Eloha who’d created him. But, as anyone who’s fasted any length of time can tell you, the body may be weak, but the spirit and mind are sharp as a knife at that time. Yeshua answered him with the Word of Eloha, Deut. 8:3, 

“And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by all that proceedeth out of the mouth of Y’hovah doth man live.” 

The lesson for us is obvious. When confronted with sin we should rely on the scriptures to pull us out. Rom.6 says we are dead to sin and alive to Mashiyach. If we reckon ourselves dead to sin we will have an easy time defeating it in our lives. This battle is constant, because our sin nature is and will be still with us until the resurrection. But reckoning ourselves dead to sin must be done every time we are tempted to sin, and, I confess that I often forget this simple way to avoid sin. But Eloha has made provision for us in this as well. 1 Yochanan 2:1, 

“My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Yeshua haMashiyach the righteous (hatzadik):”

The next 2 temptations are given in opposite order in the accounts of Matthew and Luke. The details of the temptations are nearly identical, but the order is switched. Why? Look to the purpose for writing and the intended audiences. Luke first goes to the mountain top to show the kingdoms of the world, and he adds a detail that Matt leaves out. The gospel was written to a gentile government official. ‘Most excellent Theophilus’ was actually the guy who Rome appointed High Priest after Ananias’ term expired, and the appeal to power and glory would be more personal to him. Also Luke points out the fact that haSatan is the prince of this world system in which Theo is a leader. Of course, being the Word of Eloha, Yeshua answers with the word of Eloha – Deut. 10:20, “Thou shalt fear Y’hovah Elohecha; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his name.” 

In order for us to be able to answer the temptations in our lives with the Word of Eloha, we must have it readily available. We can’t safely open a bible and search for a passage while driving on the road, or in any number of circumstances in which we may find ourselves. For this reason we must memorize scripture. It is not that difficult to do. We could try the 3X5 card with a passage written on it, kept in a pocket or on the visor of the car and work on that one until it is solid in memory. Then start another. In this way, it will not be difficult to memorize 1-2 passages a week. It is by the renewing of our minds that we are transformed into the image of Mashiyach. Yeshua said that we speak what we think about. What kind of words escape your mouth on a regular basis? Philip.4:8, “Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things honest, whatsoever things just, whatsoever things  pure, whatsoever things lovely, whatsoever things of good report; if any virtue, and if any praise, think on these things.” The only source for true, honest, just, pure, lovely things of good report that are virtuous and praiseworthy is the scripture. When you memorize, meditate – think about what you’re memorizing. Ask Eloha to illuminate your mind so that you can see what he wants you to see in that passage. 

Matthew, on the other hand, goes directly to the pinnacle of the temple. He is writing to Yehudim to try to convince them that Yeshua is Mashiyach. HaSatan here quotes a well known Messianic prophecy from

Psalm 91:11-12, “For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways. 12They shall bear thee up in hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone.”

HaSatan says, “Well, I know the scripture every bit as well as you, better in fact! If you’re the Mashiyach, jump! Eloha has promised to protect you! Don’t you trust Him?” That was a Mark paraphrase, in case you didn’t know. Yeshua did not ‘fall’ for this one either (do you suppose that’s the source of that idiom?). He wanted Yeshua to misapply scripture, just like he wants, and often gets, us to do. But Yeshua knew the CONTEXT of the verse (Ps.91), and that haSatan wrested it, as usual. The Psalm refers to how Eloha will protect us as we walk in him, but the main subject of the Psalm is Mashiyach. Noone else fulfills the description of the one who completely trusts in Eloha. Yeshua wasn’t fooled for a minute, because he knew the scripture. In fact, he IS the scripture.

At times each of us realizes this kind of protection and guidance from Eloha. Though we are always under his wings, we do not always experience, feel the wonder of, his providential protection. He has been protecting us all our lives, to bring us to this day and hour for his service. The better we understand this, the more humble we become. Eloha is my personal protection. No president, no king, no Mafia don has ever had security like we have in Mashiyach. The Secret Service doesn’t know security like Eloha does. He keeps us because we walk with him. And vice-verse.

Did you notice what haSatan left out of the quote? “To keep thee in all thy ways” is prominent by its absence. What more proof do you need that haSatan may know the scriptures, but does not believe them? If he believed them he never would have tried using this passage against Yeshua. For it says, “in all thy ways.” Since Yeshua is the fulfillment of this verse there’s no way he’ll apply it improperly, for ALL his ways are kept, that is guarded, by Elohim. 

HaSatan’s next temptation in Matthew is designed to give the world over to the Mashiyach out of due time. He offers the kingdoms of the world that have been promised to Yeshua, he just offers them a bit early. It’s as if haSatan is saying, “They’re going to be yours soon, anyway. Why not take them now?” Remember Avram and Sarai? Eloha promised that they would have a son, from whom would come a great nation, but they were both old and ‘well stricken in years’. So Abe and Sarai decide to help Eloha out by way of Hagar. Now you don’t suppose haSatan had anything to do with that, do you? Eloha is teaching the lesson of waiting on Y’hovah, and deferring gratification until His time. Yeshua is still waiting for the fulfillment of a bunch of prophecies – more in fact than were fulfilled during his life on earth. But he is waiting on the Almighty’s timing and not on his own, or in the case of this temptation, haSatan’s. You make the application to your own life.  Q&C       End of Midrashic Bible Study 

Shabbat Bible Study for September 23, 2018

Shabbat Bible Study for September 23, 2018

©2018 Mark Pitrone and Fulfilling Torah Ministries

September 26, 2015 – Year 3 Sabbath 28

Devarim 6:1-7:26 – [no prophet] – Tehellim 125 – Matthew 4:1-25

Links: 

Devarim 6.1-9 Vv.1-3 Moshe begins with a short introduction and then starts explaining the purpose to the rest of the mitzvoth, chukim, and mishpatim that Y’hovah had given to Moshe on the mount back in Exodus 19-32, with a few additions that were not revealed to us in the narrative of the Wilderness Adventure. I will try to mark these as we go. No promises. It seems that the purpose for all the instructions are to give us a healthy fear of Y’hovah. Now this fear is at least 2-fold; 1) abject terror at the FACT of what he can do to us if we disobey, and 2) absolute reverence at the FACT that he has delivered us from bondage even though he knew that we tend more readily toward rebellion than obedience. Schottenstein’s Chumash has excellent notes on all the first 9 verses. Here’s what it says about 1-3 on pg.45; (read the short paragraph)

When he says he will bless us with prolonged days, he isn’t speaking of our individual lives so much as our national life in the land we are going in to possess. Moshe admonishes us to both hear and obey, so that Y’hovah can shower blessings on us and that we stay forever in the land he’s promised father Avraham. He promised that if we would obey, he would bless us with physical multiplicity in every area of our lives in haAretz.

V.4 – The central truth of everything is that Y’hovah is echad. Echad means a lot of things. One is that he is the only Eloha, that all other so-called elohim are not ‘elohim’ but imposters, which are ultimately powerless against Y’hovah and Y’hovah’s. See pp.45-46 of Schottenstein’s Chumash for some very good explanations and illustrations of Y’hovah’s echad nature. 

The adversary, haSatan – who lusts to BE an el in place of Y’hovah, has no power over what belongs to Y’hovah without clear permission from Y’hovah to exert some power.

7 And Y’hovah said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? Then Satan answered Y’hovah, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it. 8 And Y’hovah said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Iyov, that none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth Eloha, and escheweth evil? 9 Then Satan answered Y’hovah, and said, Doth Iyov fear Eloha for nought? 10 Hast not thou made an hedge about him, and about his house, and about all that he hath on every side? thou hast blessed the work of his hands, and his substance is increased in the land. 11 But put forth thine hand now, and touch all that he hath, and he will curse thee to thy face. 12 And Y’hovah said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in thy power; only upon himself put not forth thine hand. (Iyov 1.7-12)

Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour: (I Peter 5:8)

Did you notice [v.10] that Yah had hedged haSatan away from Iyov. “Hedge’” is derived from the Hebroot 7753, sook שוך, to protect or cover. He places a suk over us and allows haSatan only that influence over our lives that He, Y’hovah, allows. “THIS far and no further…”, says Y’hovah. Even Iyov’s latter end was greater than the former because he was ultimately faithful to Y’hovah. So shall it be with us, regardless the circumstances, if we remain faithful to Him. 

Keep this in mind, as the evil day approaches. There shall be a glorious day to follow and, in remaining faithful, we shall experience Iyov’s end, as well. The 1Pet.5 passage ends with ‘seeking whom he MAY devour.’ There are those whom the Adversary MAY devour, which tells me that there are those whom he may NOT devour. Kefa here refers to Yechezkel 22.25.

23 And the word of Y’hovah came unto me, saying, 24 Son of man, say unto her, Thou art the land that is not cleansed, nor rained upon in the day of indignation. 25  A conspiracy of her prophets in the midst thereof, like a roaring lion ravening the prey; they have devoured souls; they have taken the treasure and precious things; they have made her many widows in the midst thereof. 26 Her priests have violated my law, and have profaned mine holy things: they have put no difference between the holy and profane, neither have they shewed between the unclean and the clean, and have hid their eyes from my sabbaths, and I am profaned among them. 27 Her princes in the midst thereof are like wolves ravening the prey, to shed blood, and to destroy souls, to get dishonest gain. 28 And her prophets have daubed them with untempered morter, seeing vanity, and divining lies unto them, saying, Thus saith Adonai Y’hovah, when Y’hovah hath not spoken. [Eze.22.23-28]

It is prophets of Yisrael who are destroying believers, Yehudim and gentile Yisrael, with false doctrine and Torahlessness.

Another aspect of echad is that Y’hovah is an absolute ONE, there is no changeableness or division in him. 

Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning. (Yacov 1:17)

Yeshua haMashiyach, the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever. (Hebrews 13:8)

For I am Y’hovah, I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed. (Malachi 3:6)

Did you get that? If he could change in the least, he would have wiped us out and started fresh. But his Word is his bond, as ours should be. 

Echad also has the aspect of oneness in plurality, though not a ‘trinity’, per se. We see many attributes and manifestations of Y’hovah, but all are different aspects of his character and power, not separate ‘persons’. W1828 defines ‘godhead’:

1. Godship; deity; divinity; divine nature or essence; applied to the true God, or to pagan deities. 

Every time the KJV uses the term ‘Godhead’ (all 3 uses of the term), it speaks of all the aspects/manifestations of Y’hovah’s character. Pagans saw these manifestations as different elohim, not aspects of the one true Y’hovah:

Forasmuch then as we are the offspring of Eloha, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man’s device. (Acts 17:29)

Sha’ul speaks of the general revelation of Y’hovah in his creation:

For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: (Romans 1:20),

and specifically of Yeshua’s body being empowered by Y’hovah’s indwelling Ruach haKodesh:

For in him [Yeshua] dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. (Colossians 2:9)

I would not be surprised if there are other ways of understanding the phrase Y’hovah echad that I have not delineated, as he is truly indescribable in human terms. His immortal and infinite nature truly IS unknowable in its essence to our finite mortal minds. Q&C

Vv.5-9V.5 is the subject of the 1st tablet of testimony that Y’hovah gave to Moshe – to love Y’hovah with our whole self. This is ‘the great commandment’ according to Yeshua

34 But when the Pharisees had heard that he had put the Sadducees to silence, they were gathered together. 35 Then one of them, a lawyer, asked, testing [G3985 peiradzo, to test] him, and saying, 36 Master, which is the great commandment in the law? 37 Yeshua said unto him, Thou shalt love Y’hovah Elohecha with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. 38 This is the first and great commandment. 39 And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. 40 On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets. (Matt.22.34-40)

25 And, behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and tested [ekpeiradzo, to test thoroughly] him, saying, Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life? 26 He said unto him, What is written in the law? how readest thou? 27 And he answering said, Thou shalt love Y’hovah Elohecha with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself. (Lk.10.25-27)

There is not much else to say, is there? The central truth is that Y’hovah is echad and the most important commandment is to love Y’hovah with everything we’ve got. Y’hovah Yeshua tells us that if we love him, we will keep his commandments;

And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments. (Exodus 20:6)

And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me and keep my commandments. (Deuteronomy 5:10)

If ye love me, keep my commandments. (John 14:15)

Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man. (Ecclesiastes 12:13)

I could take up another page of notes just searching the words “love, keep, and commandments”, but I don’t think we need to keep beating that dead horse. Anyone who says differently is deceived. We were delivered from the bondage of death so that we could show our love for Y’hovah by obeying his commandments (Eph.2.8-10). 

Vv.6-9 begin to break down the overarching commandment of v.5 into specific commands that we are to observe. We are to teach our children these commandments, not merely by our words, but by our lives. If you LIVE the Word that you preach, it will take root in your family and friends. Our LIVES show forth our true beliefs. This week was Yom Kippur. Did you fast (assuming you are physically ABLE to fast for a whole day without getting ill)? Did you make teshuvah for those sins that you have committed? Did you confess them to Y’hovah?: to those people against whom you’ve sinned? All sins are against Y’hovah: some sins are against our fellows, as well. We need to seek reconciliation with everyone we’ve wronged to manifest the Spirit of echad.

Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works. (James 2:18)

If you wish to wear teffilin, there is no sin in it, but the spirit of this commandment is to show forth our faith by doing and thinking according to Y’hovah’s Torah, not by wearing an ornament. Same is true of the mezuzah on our doorposts. To have one is not a sin, but the reality is on the doorposts of our hearts, not the frame of the door to our homes. We ought to model Torah observance to everyone so that they will see our knowledge of Y’hovah (wisdom + understanding).  

3 And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. 4 He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. 5 But whoso keepeth his word, in him verily is the love of God perfected: hereby know we that we are in him. (I John 2:3-5)

Q&C

Vv.10-13 – Y’hovah was about to bless our socks off by giving us a land that literally flowed with milk and honey; that had cities and homesteads that were already established; farms that were already producing, that we only had to go in and take the gift Y’hovah was giving us. He warned us that after we’d received this wonderful gift, had eaten of it and were full, that we not forget the Y’hovah who gave it to us and provided all the plenty without any work beyond conquering the land and dividing its spoil. This is the source of our giving thanks; remembering Y’hovah; for our daily sustenance AFTER we eat and are full. This is one of those that we were NOT told to observe in Ex.20-33 (I remembered!). This is another way by which we show our fear of Y’hovah, by remembering to thank him AFTER we are satisfied, as we blessed him for his provision BEFORE we ate. 

V.13 speaks of ‘swearing by Y’hovah’s Name’. The word xlated ‘swear’, thishaveiah, is from H7650, shavah, meaning to complete or ‘to 7’ oneself. Cf. note in Chumash, pg.48. 

Vv.14-25 – We are to diligently serve Y’hovah and eschew the false elohim of the Canaanite squatters we displaced, or of the other nations whose land was not ours, like Moav, Edom and Egypt. When he says in v.15 that he will destroy us from the face of the earth [land], he means that he will bring us to nought and remove us from the land he was giving us. If he were to ‘destroy’ us in the modern understanding of that word, he would have to renege on his promise to Avraham, Yitzhak and Ya’akov. See above – ‘no shadow of turning.’ Instead, we are to diligently keep his Toroth, doing what is right and good in HIS sight (not our sight) so that he can bless us with all the spiritual (and physical) blessings that he has promised us in our fathers; Abe, Yitzy and Jake: so that he can drive out all the pagans from before us. Then, when our children ask about the Toroth that Y’hovah commanded us, we can tell them that Y’hovah delivered us out of Egypt by his power and NOT our own, that he delivered us through the Wilderness Adventure DESPITE ourselves, and that he could deliver us into this wonderful land full of blessings so that he can delight in our delight at his marvelous provision. And if we diligently keep his Toroth they will be ‘our righteousness’, we will be tzadik, working tzedikah by his grace in us. 

The whole paragraph from v.21 speaks to US who are alive today as if we were there in the Egyptian Exodus, as if we crossed the Red Sea, as if we received the Covenant, and as if we crossed Yarden w/Yehoshua. And, in Mashiyach, we were because every of us is an Yisraelite, a member of the Commonwealth, whether a physical descendant, a spiritual seed of Avraham, Yitzhak and Ya’akov, or both – chol Yisrael in Mashiyach.  Q&C

7.1-5 – Treasury of Scripture Knowledge, a Xian study aid, says this about the 7 nations we were commanded to drive off or destroy from the Land;

With respect to the situation of these nations in the land of Canaan, Calmet remarks, that the Canaanites chiefly inhabited Phoenicia; the Hittites, the mountains south of the promised land; the Hivites, mount Ebal, and Gerizim, and towards Hermon; the Girgashites, beyond Jordan, towards the lake of Gennesareth [Galilee], the Yevusites, about Jerusalem; the Amorites, the mountains west of the Dead Sea, and part of the land of Moab; and that the Perizzites were probably not a distinct nation, but villagers scattered through the country.

We are to have no fellowship with paganism. We are not to marry someone of a different ‘faith’; anyone who does not love both Mashiyach and Torah; as we will have to make some accommodation for the unlike belief or the false god of our spouse. Shlomo either forgot or ignored this command in his desire to enter into political alliances with all his neighbors. He ended up building altars and offering on them with his wives. Y’hovah only kept the nation together for Shlomo’s father’s sake. He rent 10 tribes from Rehoboam shortly after Shlomo’s death. David’s reign over Yehudah began about 1010 BCE; over chol Yisrael began about 1003-2 BCE. Shlomo croaked about 930 BCE. Israel went into Assyrian exile about 721-2 BCE, and Yehudah went into Babylon about 587-6 BCE – roughly 430 years from David’s ascension to the throne of Yehudah to Yehudah’s exile. So, Avraham was promised haAretz about 430 years before Yehoshua took chol Israel across Yarden, and the Davidic Kingdom lasted about 430 years. I just think that is interesting enough to notice. There may be a prophetic or a sod level application there. Had Shlomo NOT taken strange wives and had he modeled Torah before his children (David, too, on this count with Absalom and Shlomo), the Davidic dynasty might still be in power in Israel; there might never have been a loss of Israelite influence in the region, and there might never have been a rise of Moslemism, or even anti-Torah Xianity. 

Notice that there are only 7 nations that need to be moved out of Y’hovah’s land. Avraham was told of 10 Amorite nations that would be dispossessed;

16 But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full…18 In the same day Y’hovah made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates: 19 The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites, 20 And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims, 21 And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites. (Gen.15.16, 18-21)

I think the reference to the Amorites in v.16 might be a more general statement of which the 10 nations named in 19-20 are a microcosm. Perhaps the Hivites in Dt.7 are the Rephaims of Gen.15, and the Kenites, Kennizites and Kadmonites were dispossessed by the other 7 nations. This may a foreshadow of the prophecy in Daniel 7

20 And of the ten horns in his head, and the other which came up, and before whom three fell; even that horn that had eyes, and a mouth that spake very great things, whose look more stout than his fellows. 21 I beheld, and the same horn made war with the saints, and prevailed against them; 22 Until the Ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the most High; and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom. 23 Thus he said, The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces. 24 And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings. (Dan.7.20-24)

Let’s see: ISIS, formerly called the Moslem Brohood, has deposed 2 major kings in Moslemland, Mubarak and Khaddafi, and they are STILL in process 6 years later of trying to take down Assad. Will that be it? Will that be enough to consolidate power to the Moslem Brohood Caliphate/ISIS? Is ISIS under the covert authority of the ‘little horn’, and is that Iran’s Imams? Or is that ‘little horn’ actually ‘lightning from the heights’ – Barak Obama? Or is it someone else entirely? Only time will tell; or when someone receives a direct Word from Y’hovah. 

We were to utterly destroy any Canaanite in the land who would not meet our conditions for Shalom; to eschew their false elohim and serve Y’hovah with their whole heart and mind and strength. If the Canaanites would accept the authority of Y’hovah and destroy the carved, graven or cast elohim, they could become members of the Commonwealth. The Canaanites must turn to Y’hovah, not Israel to the false elohim. If the people of any city refused Israel’s offer of Shalom with Y’hovah, they were to be wiped out or driven from the land grant and their altars, images and any accoutrement of paganism destroyed. If any of it were left, the temptation would be there to use those idols and altars ‘in service to Y’hovah.’ This Y’hovah declared to be accursed in ch.12

2 Ye shall utterly destroy all the places, wherein the nations which ye shall possess served their elohim, upon the high mountains, and upon the hills, and under every green tree: 3 And ye shall overthrow their altars, and break their pillars, and burn their groves with fire; and ye shall hew down the graven images of their elohim, and destroy the names of them out of that place. 4 Ye shall not do so unto Y’hovah Elohechem. 5 But unto the place which Y’hovah Elohechem shall choose out of all your tribes to put his name there, unto his habitation shall ye seek, and thither thou shalt come: 6 And thither ye shall bring your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, and your tithes, and heave offerings of your hand, and your vows, and your freewill offerings, and the firstlings of your herds and of your flocks: 7 And there ye shall eat before Y’hovah Elohechem, and ye shall rejoice in all that ye put your hand unto, ye and your households, wherein Y’hovah Elohecha hath blessed thee… 13 Take heed to thyself that thou offer not thy burnt offerings in every place that thou seest: 14 But in the place which Y’hovah shall choose in one of thy tribes, there thou shalt offer thy burnt offerings, and there thou shalt do all that I command thee… 29 When Y’hovah Elohecha shall cut off the nations from before thee, whither thou goest to possess them, and thou succeedest them, and dwellest in their land; 30 Take heed to thyself that thou be not snared by following them, after that they be destroyed from before thee; and that thou enquire not after their elohim, saying, How did these nations serve their elohim? even so will I do likewise. 31 Thou shalt not do so unto Y’hovah Elohecha: for every abomination to Y’hovah, which he hateth, have they done unto their elohim; for even their sons and their daughters they have burnt in the fire to their elohim. (Deut.12.2-7, 13-14, 29-31)

If you think about it, ISIS is following this commandment, after a fashion, in obedience to the false god that they espouse. The militant Moslemists wipe out all the gods of the foreign areas they conquer. The difference between their god and Y’hovah is that Y’hovah is jealous only for his land, the land grant he promised to Avraham’s seed. He did not expect Israel to conquer the entire earth by force of arms, but by a desire to accrue to themselves the same blessings he would bestow on Israel. And he didn’t command Israel to conquer the world and force the other nations outside of his land grant to convert or die. Moslemism and its RCC mother is a satanic counterfeit of Israel, doing by force what Y’hovah does by blessing his people. Some may not want to see the distinction, but to me, at least, the distinction is stark and bold. Q&C

Vv.6-16 – We were not chosen for our numbers or for our character, but because He keeps His Word. Avraham was chosen because of his openness to the thought that the true Creator of everything that exists is so far beyond our comprehension as to be indescribable in our minds or by our hands. We were chosen because Y’hovah keeps his oaths and because he loves us in Avraham. Because he had promised Avraham, he delivered us from bondage in Egypt by his mighty hand and stretched out arm when we called out to him for his Yeshua. He keeps covenant with them who love him (Avraham) to the 1000th generation, and repays them individually who despise him to their face. Because of this 2-fold purpose of Torah, we need to walk in it. He has promised to keep us in his covenant if we keep his mitzvoth, chukim and mishpatim. If we do, he promises to bless us with both spiritual and physical multiplicity, and freedom from diseases that are common to the nations [this is done largely by following his dietary instructions]. But to have all those blessings, we need to remove the pagan influence from our midst, and to do that we must either utterly drive them out or utterly destroy those who will not meet Y’hovah’s conditions. We are not to show pity to them, for we gave them opportunity for Shalom with Y’hovah and us – reject the false gods and accept Torah and Y’hovah’s yoke, from which Mashiyach bears most of the burden

Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light. (Matthew 11:29-30)

Vv.17-26 – if we follow what our eyes tell us, and not what our experience has taught us, we will be defeated – so don’t believe your lying eyes! Y’hovah promises to have our back. REMEMBER what he did to Egypt: remember what he did to Paroh and his army: remember what he did to Amalek at Rephidim: remember what he did to Sihon and Og: remember that we suffered not a hangnail in all those battles because Y’hovah had not just our rear guard, but also the point and both flanks. HE plans the battle: he commands in the field: all we need to do is what he tells us to do. To know what to do we need to study Torah, chol Toroth including nevi’im, kethuvim and the Apostolic texts. His specific instructions will NOT contradict his Word. Those who hate us will be on the receiving end of a lot of painful annoyances (hornets) until they flee or are destroyed by them – or us. 

Speculation Warning!!! Watch for striking lightning!!

He will not allow the people of the nations to flee all at once, but as we approach them, so that the land doesn’t revert to its natural, unorganized state. He is giving us land that is cultivated, tamed and ordered, after a fashion. Do you think the Kingdom will be allowed to go to complete entropy before we take it over under Mashiyach’s headship? Not a chance in my mind. As it was in the Exodus, so it will be in the Kingdom. As he conquered every nation that came against Israel to battle in the Wilderness Adventure, so Y’hovah Yeshua will conquer the armies of the nations who come against him and Zion, but those nations survivors will be there to keep a semblance of order, I think. They will be offered Shalom with Y’hovah Yeshua, and I think most will accept his yoke. Those who will not accept Yeshua’s yoke will be quickly, mercifully, and decisively destroyed. Perhaps THIS is what Ezekiel 39.12-16 alludes to? 

12 And seven months shall the house of Israel be burying of them, that they may cleanse the earth. 13 Yea, all the people of the earth shall bury; and it shall be to them a renown the day that I shall be glorified, saith Adonai Y’hovah. 14 And they shall sever out men of continual employment, passing through the earth to bury with the passengers those that remain upon the face of the earth, to cleanse it: after the end of seven months shall they search. 15 And the passengers pass through the earth, when seeth a man’s bone, then shall he set up a sign by it, till the buriers have buried it in the valley of Hamongog. 16 And also the name of the city Hamonah. Thus shall they cleanse the earth. (Ez.39.12-16)

Every instance of the words ‘land’ or ‘earth’ in that passage is the same, H776, eretz, which can be xlated as land or earth, but the root aratz ארצ, means ‘to solidify basic needs’. 

776 ‘erets eh’-rets = There are 2504 uses of ‘eretz’ in Tanakh. It is translated in KJV- land 1543, earth 712, country 140, ground 98, world 4, way 3, common 1, field 1, nations 1, wilderness+4057 (bamidbar baaretz 1Ki.9.18) 1. 

In the case of the Armageddon fulfillment of Gog uMagog, I think it means the whole earth, so that the Millennial Kingdom will be established in the whole earth within those 7 months (a 13th month in that year, perhaps?). With the Mashiyach coordinating in Yerushalayim and his resurrected saints to command in the field, I imagine it COULD be done even quicker, except that there are going to be LOTS and LOTS of bodies to bury. His resurrected field commanders will offer every nation, city and town Shalom on the same order as we are seeing in todays parsha; “tear down your altars, destroy your idols, worship and obey the King and his Abba and you may live among us. If you refuse, or agree and then renege, you WILL be destroyed.” THIS time, it will be done right and there will be a 1000 year cessation of conflict [but not a cessation of secret rebellion], after which there will be one last battle followed by the GWT. END of speculation warning. HalleluYah! if no lightning has struck.

The last 2 verses describe Achan’s sin at Yericho and its result at Ai. I don’t think we’ll see any of that in the 7 months described above. Q&C 

No Prophet

Tehellim 125 – Why did the KJV translators add the words they added. They do NOTHING to the clarity of the text

1 They that trust in Y’hovah, as mount Zion, cannot be removed; abideth for ever.

As mount Zion cannot be removed; as mount Zion abides forever; so are they who trust in Y’hovah. As the mountains surround Zion, so Y’hovah encircles his people. The wicked branch cannot hold down or control the portion of the tzadikim, or they might be tempted to do what is unlawful. So David tells Y’hovah to do good to the good and upright in heart. And for those who turn from the good to wickedness, Y’hovah will give them the outcome of their unrighteous actions. Y’hovah ALWAYS gives us what we want. If we want iniquity, he will give it to us; if we want to obey him, he will make it easier for us to obey. Y’hovah will NEVER force us to do anything. He watches us and gives us what we truly want. Shalom l’Yisrael! Q&C

Matthew 4.1-25 – What follows is taken from my Bible Study notes on The Life of Yeshua haMashiyach – an Hebraic Perspective, ©2001-2018. 48). The temptation of Yeshua – Mat.4.1-11, Mark 1.12-13, Lk.4.1-13 – In Mark [which some folks think is Shimon Kefa’s gospel and Mark was his amanuensis], Yeshua is driven by the Spirit into the wilderness, while in Matthew and Luke, he is led by the Spirit. The whole tone of Mark is different from the other gospels. He shows Yeshua as a tireless servant, having at times no time to eat, working miracle after miracle to prove the divinity claimed by the author in 1.1. Relative to the other gospels, it seems as if the author is just getting the preliminaries out of the way so he can get to his main point. The audience is probably Roman or gentile believers, who would not know the OT prophecies and for whom they would be superfluous. Mark does not refer to anything close to the number of prophecies that Luke, Matthew, or Yochanan do. He is trying to show the suffering Son of Eloha. As usual, any minor differences in the fine points of the narratives are matters of perspective of the author or of the intended audience.

Luke and Matthew both mention the 40-day fast, Mark only that Yeshua was in the wilderness 40 days, which COULD mean the same thing. All the writers say that he was tempted of HaSatan for the entire time; Matthew even says the temptation was the reason for his going there. The details are very similar in Matt and Luke. The third last temptation has to do with Yeshua’s hunger for food, his need to feed his body. First HaSatan questions Yeshua’s divinity, ‘If thou be the Son of Eloha’, as if he could get him with the same ploy with which he’d gotten Chava. Then he worked on physical weakness, or rather, was depending on it and the lust of the flesh to defeat the Eloha who’d created him. But, as anyone who’s fasted any length of time can tell you, the body may be weak, but the spirit and mind are sharp as a knife at that time. Yeshua answered him with the Word of Eloha [we will look at it next week], 

Deut. 8:3, “And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of Y’hovah doth man live.”

The lesson for us is obvious. When confronted with sin we should rely on the scriptures to pull us out. Rom.6 says we are dead to sin and alive to Mashiyach. If we reckon ourselves dead to sin we will have an easy time defeating it in our lives. This battle is constant, because our sin nature is and will be still with us until the resurrection. But reckoning ourselves dead to sin must be done every time we are tempted to sin, and, I confess that I often forget this simple way to avoid sin. But Eloha has made provision for us in this as well. 

1 Yochanan 2:1, “My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Yeshua haMashiyach the righteous (hatzadik):”

The next 2 temptations are given in opposite order in the accounts of Matthew and Luke. The details of the temptations are nearly identical, but the order is switched. Why? Look to the purpose for writing and the intended audiences. Luke first goes to the mountaintop to show the kingdoms of the world, and he adds a detail that Matt leaves out. The gospel was written to the Edomite son of king Herod who was asking for a history of the Netzari sect, ‘most excellent Theophilus’, and the appeal to power and glory would be more personal to him. Also Luke points out the fact that HaSatan is the prince of this world system in which Theophilus is a leader. Of course, being the Word of Eloha, Yeshua answers with the word of Eloha – 

Deut. 10:20, “Thou shalt fear Y’hovah Elohecha; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his name.” 

In order for us to be able to answer the temptations in our lives with the Word of Eloha, we must have it readily available. We can’t safely open a bible and search for a passage while driving on the road, or in any number of circumstances in which we may find ourselves. For this reason we must memorize scripture. It is not that difficult to do. We could try the 3X5 card with a passage written on it, kept in a pocket or on the visor of the car and work on that one until it is solid in memory. Then start another. In this way, it will not be difficult to memorize 1-2 passages a week. It is by the renewing of our minds that we are transformed into the image of Mashiyach. Yeshua said that we speak what we think about. What kinds of words escape your mouth on a regular basis? 

Philip. 4:8, “Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things honest, whatsoever things just, whatsoever things pure, whatsoever things lovely, whatsoever things of good report; if any virtue, and if any praise, think on these things.” 

The only source for true, honest, just, pure, lovely things of good report that are virtuous and praiseworthy is the scripture. When you memorize, meditate – think about what you’re memorizing. Ask Eloha to illuminate your mind so that you can see what he wants you to see in that passage.

Matthew, on the other hand, goes directly to the pinnacle of the temple. He is writing to Jews to try to convince them that Yeshua is the Mashiyach. HaSatan here quotes a well known Messianic prophecy from 

Psalm 91:11-12, “For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways. 12They shall bear thee up in hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone.” 

HaSatan says (in a Mark paraphrase), “Well, I know the scripture every bit as well as you, better in fact! If you’re the Mashiyach, jump! Eloha has promised to protect you! Don’t you trust Him?” Yeshua did not ‘fall’ for this one either (do you suppose that’s the source of that idiom?). He wanted Yeshua to misapply scripture, just like he wants, and often gets, us to do. But Yeshua knew the CONTEXT of the verse (Ps.91), and that HaSatan wrested it, as usual. The Psalm refers to how Eloha will protect us as we walk in him, but the main subject of the Psalm is Mashiyach. Noone else fulfills the description of the one who completely trusts in Eloha. Yeshua wasn’t fooled for a minute, because he knew the scripture. 

At times each of us realizes this kind of protection and guidance from Eloha. Though we are always under his wings we do not always experience or feel the wonder of his providential protection. He has been protecting us all our lives, to bring us to this day and hour for his service. The better we understand this, the more humble we become. Eloha is my personal protection. No president, no king, no Mafia don has ever had security like we have in Mashiyach. The Secret Service doesn’t know security like Eloha does. He keeps us because we walk with him. And vice-verse.

Did you notice what HaSatan left out of the quote? “To keep thee in all thy ways” is prominent by its absence. What more proof do you need that HaSatan may know the scriptures, but not believe them? If he believed them he never would have tried using this passage against Yeshua. For it says, “in all thy ways.” Since Yeshua is the fulfillment of this verse there’s no way he’ll apply it improperly, for ALL his ways are kept, that is guarded, by Eloha. And it is an admonition to us, as well

In all thy ways acknowledge him, and he shall direct thy paths. (Proverbs 3:6)

HaSatan’s next temptation in Matthew is designed to give the world over to the Mashiyach out of due time. He offers the kingdoms of the world that have been promised to Yeshua, he just offers them a bit early. It’s as if HaSatan is saying, “They’re going to be yours soon, anyway. Why not take them now?” Remember Abram and Sarai? Eloha promised that they would have a son, from whom would come a great nation, but they were both old and ‘well stricken in years’. So Abe and Sarai decide to help Eloha out by way of Hagar. Now you don’t suppose haSatan had anything to do with that, do you? Eloha is teaching the lesson of waiting on Y’hovah, and deferring gratification until his time. Yeshua is still waiting for the fulfillment of a bunch of prophecies that he SHALL fulfill – more in fact than were fulfilled during his life on earth. But he is waiting on the Father’s timing and not on his own, or in the case of this temptation, HaSatan’s. You make that application to your own life. Q&C

Matt.4.13-16  – Yeshua left Judea and went directly to Galilee (Monopoly had yet to be invented, so he neither passed ‘Go!’, nor collected $200). What he did do was to teach in Capernaum every Sabbath for weeks. In fact, Capernaum became his base of operations for the next 2 years. 

The passage in Matt. partially quotes Isaiah 9:1-2,

“Nevertheless the dimness not such as in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulon and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations. 2The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined. 

They were lightly afflicted when they did not utterly destroy the inhabitants of their land in the time of Joshua and the Judges. They were more grievously afflicted when they worshipped pagan elohim. 

They indeed saw a great light, for Yeshua taught them on the Sabbaths from this time forward, when he was there of course. It says nothing here about teaching in the synagogue, just that he taught them. Perhaps he taught them after the meeting at synagogue in the corner deli. Or it may have been in synagogue, but I doubt it. I don’t think the leaders there would want to buck the rabbis in Jerusalem. One thing is certain. Yeshua taught with authority, not as the rabbis. The word ‘power’ in greek is exousia, which quite literally means out of his own or his self. The rabbis taught with knowledge, which can be dry, but Yeshua taught with his own authority and the people were delighted and amazed. The greek word for astonished, ekplesso, gives the idea of slapping your forehead or cheeks in amazement. OY VEY!!

As an aside, Zebulon and Naphtali were often listed together when it came time to fight the gentiles in Judges. Barak’s army that fought Sisera was entirely made up of Zevulon’s and Naphtali’s people. Of course, if they’d obeyed the Word of Eloha from the mouths of Moses and Joshua and totally annihilated the gentiles in the land, they would never have had to fight Sisera or the Philistines, et al., and all the problems we live with today in that area would have been averted. 

Addendum – The chronology of Thompson’s Chain seems to skip over a couple of important verses in the gospels. But in each of Matthew’s and Mark’s gospels there is one verse left out of the chronology, Mat.4.17 and Mk.1.15. These have to do with the gospel that Yeshua was preaching. It was somewhat different from the gospel we generally preach today. Yeshua was preaching the gospel of the kingdom, which is the gospel to national Yisrael (all twelve tribes), typified in different trees, the fig and the olive. The olive tree typifies believers, while the fig tree typifies unbelievers. The gospel we preach; Mashiyach crucified, buried and resurrected; is to the individual who is then ‘graffed into the olive tree’, as we see in Rom.11.17. To be graffed into the olive tree at this time, one must believe the gospel, which is given in 1Cor.15.3-6. In Yeshua’s day, the gospel was to repent and believe that Yeshua was Mashiyach the King, offering himself to Yisrael as such. These are not actually 2 different gospels, but 2 aspects of the same one. The overarching gospel is summarized in the sentence, “You can have Peace with Y’hovah instead of the enmity you naturally have.” 1Cor.15.1-3 is not the actual gospel, but the means by which it is attained – the death, burial, and resurrection of Y’hovah Yeshua haMashiyach haMelech. He now offers himself to each individual as such, and one day soon he will once again offer himself to chol Yisrael who will say, ‘Baruch haba b’shem Y’hovah.” 

2 Tim. 2:15, “Study to shew thyself approved unto Eloha, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.” 

The divisions of the Word of Eloha, the set times, must be taken into account while studying it. The gospel itself hasn’t changed, but the manner in which it was offered has, from corporate to individual (though individuals were always able to trust Y’hovah for their deliverance). I don’t know that the Thompson editors saw that when they compiled the harmony of the gospels. Q&C

63). Mat.4.18-22 – Four disciples called – Actually they are recalled. These four, along with Nathanael, were called while going from Jerusalem to Cana. They must have gone home to provide for their families, for Yeshua finds them working their trade and business, I think at a pre-appointed time. Peter and Andrew were partners with Zebedee and his sons. The fishing season must have just ended. Now it was time for these men to ply their trade in different waters; the sea of humanity. When the master called them, they left everything without hesitation. I think they were waiting for Yeshua’s call, and that their partners knew it. I would imagine that the miracles they’d witnessed and the words of Yeshua were the main points of conversation during null periods at work, and all four were saying on a regular basis, ‘I can’t wait until I see the Master again.’ 

But Thompson’s time line is a bit askew, for the next division (#64), the miraculous catch immediately precedes the recall of Peter. It may be that Peter was having second thoughts about his changing professions and leaving his family for long stretches of time, or perhaps his wife was asking him to stay with his family. 

Where would I get such an idea? Look at Lk.5.1-9. As Yeshua was walking by the Lake Genneseret, another name for the Sea of Galilee, the crowd was pressing upon him. If you’ve ever been in a crowd, you know how uncomfortable the close quarters can be, almost claustrophobic. Well, he saw two boats there, one Pete’s and the other Zebedee’s. Evidently Pete was well to do and had a crew to do the work, for he was in the boat while the fishermen were cleaning the nets. So, after requesting permission to come aboard, Yeshua stepped into Pete’s boat and asked him to let some slack out of the anchor rope and just drift out a few feet. From there he could comfortably teach the crowd. 

What he taught that day we don’t know, but when he was finished teaching he asked Peter to launch out into the deep water for a draught of fish. The workers must have returned while Yeshua was teaching, and having just washed the nets were probably none too pleased at hearing that request. Neither would Peter be, having to pay them for their time to sail out and fish and clean nets once again. Pete even told him, I think he was trying to save money (that would be my reason for saying such a thing), because they’d been unsuccessful at that night’s attempts. But Peter obliged him, knowing who he is. I also think that Zeb and his kids shoved off to stay with Peter and Yeshua and were just far enough away for safe sailing. They were at least watching, for they saw their partner beckoning for help.

When they dropped their nets and inclosed a huge school of fish, enough to sink both boats, Pete knew beyond doubt that Eloha was in his boat. He fell at Yeshua’ knees. Why was Yeshua on his knees? Was he praying, or helping with the catch, or both? But Pete fell at his knees. Fell is from the greek word prospipto, which means to fall prostrate before or towards. Peter asked Yeshua to leave him because he (P) was unworthy to be in his (Y) presence. Astonished is from the greek word periecho which means to get your mind around a concept. They grasped the idea immediately that Yeshua is Eloha. They also got their minds around the idea that they probably wouldn’t have to fish anymore this year. To use the vernacular, they had just ‘cracked the nut’ for this year. There was no necessity to stay to provide for their families. Yeshua had just seen to that. 

Has Yeshua made your way clear financially so that you can serve him? Have you balked at that service for fear that your family would not be provided for? I have and it was sin in my life, the sin of pride, believe it or not, and of failure to trust the promises of Eloha. If I didn’t provide for my family, who would? Eloha has promised that he would take care of me and mine, but I often fail to trust him, even still today. Yeshua removed all their valid arguments to following him with that draught of fish. How has he done the same for you? Have you forsaken all, just left it, to follow him? Q &C

Vv.23-25 – So now, with at least 4 talmidim in tow, Yeshua does the itinerant preacher bit, delivering the gospel of the Kingdom we spoke of earlier. We are not told anything he said, but we are told what he did that taught the gospel of the Kingdom of Eloha without him having to say a word, if his audience knew the sod שוד, ‘to cover with plaster’, of Torah – he healed all manner of sickness and disease among the people. Physical illness is a metaphor for sin, and healing the sick and diseased is a metaphor for taking the sin away. Yeshua was modeling the New Covenant in metaphor

31 Behold, the days come, saith Y’hovah, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: 32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith Y’hovah: 33 But this the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith Y’hovah, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their Eloha, and they shall be my people. 34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know Y’hovah: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith Y’hovah: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more. 35 Thus saith Y’hovah, which giveth the sun for a light by day, the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night, which divideth the sea when the waves thereof roar; Y’hovah Tzavaoth his name: 36 If those ordinances depart from before me, saith Y’hovah, the seed of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before me ad olam until forever. (Jeremiah 31.31-36)

The people who were being healed and bringing their friends and loved ones for healing may not have understood the metaphor, but the scribes and Pharisees did, whether they publicly acknowledged it or not. And news of a healer definitely got to the Sanhedrin and the political leaders, both secular and religious. 

V.24 gets a bit more specific as to the manner of sickness and disease that he healed. Devil possessed, lunatick, and the palsy, all are types of different sins. Some who were devil possessed (daimonidzomai – demonized, affected by demons) were healed, or rather had the devils driven from them. In Matt. 8.28-34 Yeshua casts out a slew of devils into a herd of swine, which is immediately driven over a cliff into the sea. The swineherds (what a job to have in Yisrael) ran away to tell their bosses, the swine ranchers, what happened. The ranchers came out to see if the wild story their employees told was true, and, upon seeing Yeshua, begged him to leave their coasts. Do you suppose they were more interested in the profit from the swine than the spiritual condition of the devil possessed men who were their neighbors, and possibly acquaintances and relatives? No doubt. Who do you suppose were the swine ranchers? Perhaps Herodians or Sadducees, members of the Sanhedrin? I don’t know, but I wouldn’t doubt it. How many preachers today sell all types of merchandise, including what they know to be corrupt bibles and all sorts of talismans [prayer cloths come readily to mind], to make a profit? The point is that the devil possessed men are cleansed of their tormentors and the ranchers don’t much care; they really just want their pigs back. 

Lunaticks (selenidzomai – affected by the moon) were moon struck, that’s what the greek word means, considered to be crazy. Today they would be called epileptic, believe it or not. In fact, the margin of the Thompson Chain has a reference to Epilepsy here. They weren’t crazy so much as given to seizures of varying degree. When the seizures came on them, they’d do things that were taken for crazy, for no one would do them being in his right mind (cf.Mat17.14-15). The epileptic has no control of himself during a grand mal. And there does seem to be some minor difference in the seriousness of the seizures at different times of the month, according to epileptics I’ve spoken to. Could it be moon phases having a physical effect on the person’s brain, like it does with the tides of the ocean? 

The palsy was a reference to paralysis, the greek word is paralutikos or paralytic. The word literally means to loosen beside and therefore to have no use of muscles in a portion of the body. This could be caused by nerve damage, stroke or any number of things. Yeshua healed all of these things to bring glory to Eloha thereby. He literally fixed severed nerves, repaired portions of the brain affected by stroke and epilepsy, and sent devils packing, never wishing the glory for himself, always giving glory to his Father in heaven. How about you and me? Do we want Eloha to get the glory for what he does through us, or do we want the credit? And this was so amazing to the people that many just followed wherever he went to witness the power of Eloha being sent forth through him. The power that he displayed gave witness to the power of his words in comparison to the rote dogma taught by the rabbis (or pastors). As we said a couple of pages ago, he taught with authority from himself, not just parroting what the teachers, sages and rabbis of blessed memory said. Rote dogma is usually dry and uninteresting. When Yeshua spoke, it was always as fresh to them as newly fallen snow. Q&C

End of Shabbat Bible Study.

Shabbat Bible Study for September 15, 2018

Shabbat Bible Study for September 15, 2018

©2018 Mark Pitrone and Fulfilling Torah Ministries

September 19, 2015 – Year 3 Sabbath 27

Deuteronomy 5:1-33 – [no prophet] – Psalm 124 – Romans 10:1-17

Links: 

www.tzion.org/Sefiroth_Tree.htm 

Devarim 5:1-33  – Moshe begins with “Shema, Yisrael et hachukim v’et hamishpatim”. These chukim and Mishpatim are part of the b’rith that he entered into with us at Horeb. He makes it a point to say that this was NOT a covenant that he’d entered into with only “our avoth before us, but with us, even us who are alive this day.” He makes the point that this covenant was with chol Yisrael, all of Yisrael, past, present and future. And then he repeats the 10 Words. 

Vv.6-21 (6-18 in Tanakh) – He starts with the ‘enabling clause’; the reason Y’hovah is able to hold us to this covenant: “I am Y’hovah Elohecha, who brought EACH of you (individually) up out of the land of Egypt.” This is NOT a commandment, but the reason we should obey him. We would never have been able to deliver ourselves, either individually or corporately, from Egypt’s bondage, but he heard our cries and saw our affliction and remembered us; worked to deliver us with mighty signs, and judgments against our bond-masters and their false elohim. Since he did all these wondrous works in our behalf, we ought to obey his eminently reasonable mitzvoth, chukim and mishpatim. 

In v.7 Y’hovah commands us to [1] have no other elohim in his face. This is ANY elohim, not just something we can see, but also those of our own or someone else’s imagination. Any thing that might have more commitment from us than Y’hovah has is an idol. That would include our family, our occupation, our nation (or even worse, our political party); ANYTHING that comes, even momentarily, before Y’hovah in our esteem. Right now, in America, that would include your VOTE: if you are going to exercise your patent, you must use it to vote for a biblically righteous man; one who honours Y’hovah. V.8 commands us to [2] not make any likeness of anything in Creation, as we spoke of last week in some detail. V.9 then forbids us to [3] bow down to any false elohim in Y’hovah’s face, because he will ‘visit our iniquity on our children to the 3rd and 4th generation of those who hate’ Y’hovah. If we idolatrize before Y’hovah, we will pass on a disposition for idolatry to our children. This does not mean they WILL idolatrize; only that they will have a pre-disposition to it. This ‘curse’ can be broken by any who will simply not idolatrize; simple but not easy. V.10 shows the flip side of v.9: Y’hovah will bless those who do not idolatrize with mercy who do love him and guard and obey his commandments. How many generations have there been in human history? If we are approaching the end of our sixth prophetic ‘day’, that would be less than 6,000 years. 6000/30 (could be 20-40 years to a generation) = 200 generations beginning with Adam’s. I will venture a guess that very few people have ever NOT idolatrized before Y’hovah. As we said last week, it is a part of us to be religious critters. We instinctively know that there is something greater than us, even when we have no witness to Y’hovah’s Truth, and we MAKE ourselves, or we make OURSELVES, elohim to serve. Even the man Y’hovah said was ‘after his heart’ – David – idolatrized in the matter of BathSheva and UriYah the Hittite, as well as Avshalom. Therefore, I see v.10 as a prophecy of the New Creation, “wherein dwelleth righteousness”. V.11 forbids us to [4] use Y’hovah’s Name in a way that makes it vain, of no value or holiness to us. Vv.12-15 command us to [5] remember Shabbat and set it apart. We are to work for our living the 1st 6 days of the week, but Shabbat is a day when we rest from our work. As Y’hovah instructed and gave us training in Ex.16, we are to follow his pattern; work the first 6 days of the week and rest the 7th; work 6, rest 1; work 6, rest 1; even as he did in his ex nihilo creation. Not only are WE to rest, but our animals and servants are to rest, as well. To ensure that we get the importance of Shabbat rest, he invokes the enabling clause again: “I brought you out of Egyptian bondage by my power, and you will remember THAT by taking the Shabbat OFF from your regular work.” V.16 commands us to honour our parents. This is the last commandment of the 1st table, which deals with our relationship to Y’hovah. If we fail to honour our parents, whom we can see, how will we ever honour Y’hovah, whom we can’t? Some see this 5th commandment as a part of the 2nd table. That’s OK; it is not a salvational issue. But it is my OPINION that it is a part of the 1st table, which deals with our relationship to Y’hovah, while the 2nd table deals with our interpersonal relationship to our neighbors.

Vv.17-21 (Tanakh vv.17-18) is the writing of the 2nd table, which deals with our relationship with our fellow men. The 1st table relates directly to “Love Y’hovah Elohecha”, while the 2nd relates directly to “Love your neighbor as you love yourself”. These are listed very quickly: v.17 says [6] “no murder”; v.18 says [7] “no adultery”; v.19 says [8] “no stealing”; v.20 says [9] “no false witness”; and v.21 says [10] “no coveting anything”. Chumash has a very good comment on these verses on pg. 42. All of these; murder, adultery, theft, lying and coveting; are actually forms of idolatry, as well. We think that we are smarter and better than Y’hovah when we sin in any way. We are all guilty before him. But Y’hovah has provided a way for us to live before him in HIS righteousness by the merciful and gracious substitutionary atonement of Y’hovah Yeshua on his tree. 

Vv.22-33 – Y’hovah gave the 10 Words to Moshe and wrote them on tables of stone for him to take to Israel. But we were frightened for our lives at the sound of Y’hovah’s voice from the midst of the fire on Sinai, and the darkness. V.22 says the voice was from the fire, while v.23 says it was from the darkness. The word xlated ‘darkness’ is H2822, choshek, from the root H2821, chashak, meaning to withhold, in this case light, to dim. It looks as though they saw the fire but that it did not release any perceptible light. So we had our elders approach Moshe and asked him to speak to Y’hovah for us. We knew that he would not slay us because we heard his voice ourselves, but we couldn’t get our minds around the apparent dichotomy of a fire that seemed to emanate darkness. It seems that we were afraid that direct revelation from Y’hovah would overwhelm us and kill us. So we told Moshe to go speak face to face with Y’hovah and tell us what he required, and that we would both hear (v’shamanu) and do (v’asiynu). 

Y’hovah said that we were right; that the revelation was too much for us to handle, so we should go to our tents and Moshe would be our intercessor, as Yeshua is for us today. He would speak his mitzvoth, his chukim and his mishpatim to Moshe who would then report what Y’hovah said to chol Yisrael. Then Moshe shifted from narrative to admonition, telling us that we should observe the Word of Y’hovah with our whole heart and soul and not turn off even 1° to the right or left; that we should walk in his ways that it might go well with us and our days would be prolonged in the land that he was bringing us in to possess. Q&C

No Prophet

Read from Tanakh Tehellim 124 – David tells us that had it not been for Y’hovah fighting for us, Amalek, Og and Sihon would have wiped us out. As in Ps.123, David repeats himself, perhaps making reference to the deliverance of both houses of Ya’akov from enemies far outnumbering them. If this meant the physical seed of Ya’acov it would make no sense, since the merely physical seed of Ya’acov are as sinful as any other man. But the spiritual seed of Ya’acov has been bought out of bondage to the world with a price 

For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify Eloha in your body, and in your spirit, which are Eloha’s. (I Corinthians 6:20)

Not only that, but he had his own run in with the fledgling (As)Syrian Empire that eventually laid siege to and conquered the 10 tribes of Ephraim/Israel and also laid siege to Yerushalayim in ChizkiYahu’s days, when Y’hovah sent his angel to wipe out 185,000 Assyrian soldiers; “and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses (Is.37.36, 1Ki.19.35).” But David’s back was up against it when Syria came to challenge his authority over Moav and Edom. His armies were coming back to Yerushalayim tired from major battle. The Syrian/Moabite armies were large and set up a pincer action against Yoav. Yoav had to split his forces, and had Y’hovah not fought on David’s side the battle would likely have gone against Israel. (As)Syria was an up-and-coming power until this battle, and took the better part of 200 years to regain the ascendancy. After this battle, David’s kingdom reached its greatest area of rule or tribute. But David knew full well that had he not been on Y’hovah’s side, Y’hovah could have as easily allowed him to be wiped out BY (As)Syria. They could have overrun Israel like the floods overran the antediluvian race of Noach’s time; or been chewed up and spit out like the beasts of the earth had taken them. Y’hovah destroyed the enemy’s traps and snares, so that David’s forces came out almost as scratchless as Yehoshua’s troops had against Og and Sihon and the Amalekites at Rephidim. We have escaped because Y’hovah is the one who delivers us and in HIS Name we receive our help. Q&C

Romiyah 10.1-18 – While looking at ch.10, let’s remember that the foundational, most basic truth of scripture is the Shema, “Hear Oh Yisrael, Y’hovah our Elohim, Y’hovah is One.” The Shema is seen in the ‘unity of the faith’, that Y’hovah is the Elohim of both the Jews AND the Gentiles (3.29), the echad nature of Y’hovah, all in Mashiyach are one, etc.  It is seen in nature and the nuclear family. The atom has 3 basic particles, neutron, proton and electron. Matter has at least 4 states, solid, liquid, gas and plasma. Time is both past, present and future. The family consists of Father, Mother and Children. The examples are numerous that Y’hovah has pointed to his echad nature in his creation. Echad does not always mean absolute oneness, but unity in and through plurality. The Ruach of Yhwh is a unity, which manifests in various different ways.

Earlier in our study, Sha’ul told us that Elohim is not merely the Eloha of the Jews, but of the Gentiles also (Rom.3.29). He treats all people in the same manner, and he always has. For him to expect different things of different people or to expect different things of the SAME people at different times would be to compromise his echad nature. 

The Jewish mystics see Y’hovah manifested in at least 10 ‘emanations’. They are seen in 3 sublevels, each consisting of 3 attributes, headed by the absolute Truth of Y’hovah that no mere human can really comprehend. You can see allusions to this in Paul’s writings. 

His statement to ‘behold the goodness and the severity of Elohim’ (11.22) is also an allusion to the 10 emanations of Y’hovah. The goodness of Elohim is seen in his mercy to usward. His mercy is an emanation that balances his emanation of severity, which is his absolute justice. The emanation of beauty is the one the binds all his emanations into echadity in the ‘Ain Soph’; the endless, unknowable [to our limited minds] truth of Y’hovah. It is the Ain Soph that we will spend eternity studying and never find an end of discovering and understanding (another emanation of Y’hovah). 

All of that is said to give you just an inkling of the Unity in Plurality of Yah, which is pictured for us in the unity in plurality of his people. We need to bear this in mind as we move into ch.10.

In ALL of Sha’ul’s letters, the pronoun ‘we’ refers to Jewish believers in Mashiyach Yeshua; ‘you’ refers to Gentile believers in Mashiyach Yeshua and ‘us’ refers to all believers in Mashiyach Yeshua – both Jew and Gentile.

Vv.1-3 – Sha’ul addresses his brethren, which context will show is all of the Roman believers, both Jew and Gentile. At various times, he specifically addresses his Jewish brethren and at others the Gentile brethren. The subject is Israel, but the message is for the Gentiles, as well as the Jews.

His desire is the salvation of chol Yisrael. As we’ve seen already in our explanation of 8.29-30, all Yisrael shall be saved. This is the body of the argument Sha’ul started way back then.

Israel has a zeal for Y’hovah, but they are blinded in part (2Cor.3.14 – they can’t or won’t see Mashiyach in the Tanakh), ‘not according to knowledge’. Noone knew this better than Rav Sha’ul, who was very zealous, as he himself testified in Acts 22.1-10. Paul did what we all do when confronted by a new paradigm that shows either we’ve been mistaken, fooled or lied to – he attacked the very truth he was convinced of, but in his pride would not acknowledge. I have been there myself, and so has everyone else who is reading or hearing this study. Once we are convinced of our own mistake or delusion, we need to come to grips with it and stop fighting it. That is what Yeshua said to Paul in Acts 9.5, “I am Yeshua whom thou persecutest; it is hard for thee to kick against the pricks.” The truth that we know but won’t acknowledge keeps pricking us until we repent of our pride and stop kicking.

In Hebrew mysticism, knowledge is the highest level a student of scripture can attain. It connects understanding and wisdom. Israel has an understanding of Torah, but little or none of Mashiyach. The ‘church’ has the wisdom of Mashiyach, but little or none of Torah. Neither has the knowledge that Mashiyach and Torah are one, as Y’hovah is one, as we are told in the Shema. There are those who have some knowledge without either understanding or wisdom. These may actually brand us heretic because we would say that Yeshua is Torah, even though John 1 plainly says that Yeshua is the Word. The last time I checked, Torah was still in the Canon. Q&C

Paul said in v.3 that they have not submitted to the righteousness of Elohim. What is the righteousness of Elohim? Jer.33.16 gives one of the Names of Elohim as “Y’hovah Tzidkenu”, Y’hovah (Yeshua) our righteousness. Deut.6.25 says that our righteousness is in submission to Y’hovah – in obedience to his commands. Can you see that ‘they’ in v.3 means both Jews and Gentiles, who comprise Israel (without the Y)? Jews have not submitted to the righteousness of Elohim … how? I thought they had an understanding of Torah. They do, but they submit to the righteousness of their man-made traditions OVER Torah. That was Yeshua’s main point to them; he was calling them to repentance from tradition and toward Torah. They would not acknowledge that Yeshua is Torah.

Every Christian understands that, but they don’t usually see how THEY have not submitted to the righteousness of Elohim, either. They have accepted Yeshua’s free gift to them, but have not submitted themselves in that they have rejected 2/3 of Y’hovah’s revelation as binding on them. They know that Yeshua is the Word of Y’hovah, but then reject the authority in their lives of 2/3 of his very Words. So, both Jews and Gentiles, which are shown by Sha’ul to be Yisrael in Eph.2.11ff and in Rom.11.5-24, have rejected … what? Both have failed in submission to Y’hovah’s Word.

Now, remember that works of Torah justify noone. Works of Torah naturally follow him who has repented of his sins, trusted in Y’hovah Tzidkenu and studied his Word; for without knowledge of his Word, he cannot know what sin is (Rom.7.7).

In Aramaic, the Word = the Memra. The Memra in Hebraic mystical thought is the Creative force of Y’hovah. Creation is not a one-time thing in an absolute sense. He did finish his creative work in 6 days, but he must be constantly creating to uphold his creation. If he stops speaking, the universe will dissolve (shades of 2Peter3.10-12).

The creation has no intrinsic being; doesn’t exist of itself. If it did, IT would be Y’hovah, like the evolutionists believe it is. Creation is the object that was created by Y’hovah, without whose Spirit’s energizing, it would just stop moving. As an example, a ball is inanimate, it cannot move by itself, it needs an outside source of energy to move it. When something pushes the ball it moves as far as the energy exerted on the ball will move it. Likewise, creation. If Y’hovah had just created it and left it to itself it would be just like our ball. Now, if Y’hovah creates something, but then forgets about it, what will happen to it? It will cease to exist (like our forgiven sins that he decides to not remember, Jer.31.34). He must keep on creating it, keep on speaking it into existence or it will cease to be. His ex nihilo creation was a one time affair, but his sustaining creation will go on until after the GWT judgment when death and hell are thrown into the Lake of Fire, which itself I believe to be the ultimate dissolution of all matter.

Yeshua is the Memra/Word of Y’hovah by whom all that is came into existence, consists and is sustained; 

15 Who [Yeshua] is the image of the invisible Eloha [Ayn Sof], the firstborn of every creature: 16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: 17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist. (Col.1.15-17). 

John says it in the first verses of his gospel. 

1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with Eloha, and the Word was Eloha. 2 The same was in the beginning with Eloha. 3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made… 14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth. (John 1.1-3, 14)

John understood the concept of the Memra as an emanation of Y’hovah, the very Son of Elohim, Y’hovah Yeshua haMashiyach.  Q&C

V.4 – Here is one of the most misunderstood verses in scripture. It is misunderstood because most in the church see the word ‘end’ to mean ‘doing away with’ or perhaps just to make useless or vain. Yeshua does not make Torah vain. He fulfills another meaning of ‘end’ – he is Torah’s purpose. A Christian friend of mine with whom I have a disagreement about this very subject once said he was going out street preaching. I said, “To what end?” He said to be used in the witness of the Word. He knew the meaning of end, as it is used in this verse, but he assumes through his learning and the teachings of many good men who sincerely had it wrong that it actually means Yeshua = the abolition of Torah. 

In reality, Torah is still in force and has the same dual nature it has always had; it convinces us of death and evil while it brings life and good to those who trust Y’hovah and follow him in obedience (Dt.30.15). If that were not true, he would not go street preaching, for that is HIS (that is, both my street-preaching friend’s and Yeshua’s) end in doing it – to convince folks of the death and curse of disobedience in going their own way and to show them the life and blessing that comes from repentance and obedience to go Elohim’s way. 

Vv5-6V.5 continues the thought in v.4, “For Moshe describeth the righteousness which is of the law, that the man which doeth those things shall live by them.” Does it say that we live eternally BY keeping Torah, or that Torah is the standard by which we live our lives? I think the latter, ‘for by works of law shall no flesh be justified.’ 

V.6 begins with the word ‘but.’ The Grk word is de, which can be translated any of 5 or 6 ways, including and, or, but, also, moreover, now. If the author meant ‘the opposite’, he would probably have used alla as he did in Rom.1.21, ‘neither were thankful, BUT’. It means to go the exact opposite direction to that prescribed. Alla is always negation, while de denotes affirmation. 

So, the ‘righteousness which is of faith’ speaks to the righteousness we perform because we have faith, which according to Eph.2.9 is a gift from Elohim, not of ourselves lest we boast. But what does the righteousness which is of faith say? (Notice the # of the pronoun)

Dt.30.10 If thou shalt hearken unto the voice of Y’hovah Elohecha, to keep his commandments and his statutes which are written in this book of the law, if thou turn unto Y’hovah Elohecha with all thine heart, and with all thy soul. 11 For this commandment, which I command thee this day, it is not hidden from thee, neither is it far off. 12 It is not in heaven, that thou shouldest say, Who shall go up for us to heaven, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it? 13 Neither is it beyond the sea, that thou shouldest say, Who shall go over the sea for us, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it? 14 But the word is very nigh unto thee, in thy mouth, and in thy heart, that thou mayest do it. (Devarim 30.10-14)

Why is the Word nigh unto thee? It is “that thou mayest do it.” James.1.22 “But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves.” The pronouns referring to the hearers are all 2nd person singular. Y’hovah, through Moshe, was speaking to each of us, individually. Notice that when the objects of the verses (thee, thou, thine, etc.) speak, they use the first person plural. Each was looking for a corporate justification, sanctification and glorification, when Y’hovah gives all that to individuals who THEN become parts of his body and corporately receive rights and privileges. We are graffed into the root of Yeshua individually, but the graffing makes us members of an assembly. Each is taken from one group; i.e., the lost, to become a member of another; i.e., the found.

So let me disabuse you of a grievous error of the church; Torah observance was NEVER about salvation. The Hebrews did NOT have to keep Torah perfectly in order to be saved. Had that been true then all those animal sacrifices were just useless cruelty imposed by Y’hovah – a thing that is impossible. A sacrifice was needed to make the offerer blameless before Y’hovah. ‘Blameless’ is the key. The blame was transferred to the offering. Remember that the apostle Sha’ul was blameless according to Torah 

4 Though I might also have confidence in the flesh. If any other man thinketh that he hath whereof he might trust in the flesh, I more: 5 Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, an Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching the law, a Pharisee; 6 Concerning zeal, persecuting the kehal; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless. 7 But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Mashiyach. (Phil.3.4-7), 

as were Elisheva and Zacharyahu 

5 There was in the days of Herod, the king of Judaea, a certain priest named ZacharYahu, of the course of Aviyahu: and his wife of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elisheva. 6 And they were both righteous before Eloha, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of Y’hovah blameless. (Lk.1.5-6). 

Let’s look at the word blameless.

In 1Cor.1.8 (also 1Tim.3.10 and Tit.1.6&7), the Greek word is anengklaytos, unaccusable, irreproachable: literally uncalled out. This implies that we are not always blameless. We are made blameless by the application of 1Jn.1.9 – confession and repentance. In Philippians, the word is amemptos, irreproachable, without fault. In 1Tim.3.2 (also 5.7), the word is anepileptos, from a negation of epilambanomai, literally unarrested, not seized. In 2Pe.3.14, the Greek word is amometos, without censure, unable to discredit. Notice please, nowhere does the word mean innocent. It means that we are unchargeable with any crime or wrongdoing. Our blame has been transferred to another so that we are found ‘Not Guilty’ in Y’hovah’s court. This was the purpose of the animal sacrifices in the Temple. Those of us who are in Mashiyach have no need for the animal sacrifices; in fact, we would be sinning grievously to perform one for a sin offering because we’d be saying that Yeshua’s once for all offering was insufficient in our eyes. Heb.10 says,

26 For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, 27 But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries. 28 He that despised Moshe’s law died without mercy under two or three witnesses: 29 Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of Eloha, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?

That was the whole point of the book of Hebrews, for the believing priests in Jerusalem [Acts 6.7] were actually considering going back to the Temple to offer sacrifices for sin. Everything that came before was for the express purpose of getting here, and everything that follows illustrates it. Paul was telling them that the atoning sacrifice in the Temple is so much wasted effort; there is no more sacrifice for sins (v.26). Not only that, but to offer a sin offering when one knows that Yeshua’s offering was sufficient was walking all over him, counting his offering unworthy and thinking the Spirit of grace of no value. If you can find a better definition of blasphemy of the Holy Ghost, I’d love to see it. 

The nation was saved by the blood of the Lamb of the goats at Passover, as are we. They were to shema Torah, that is to hear it and obey it (kill the lamb and spread its blood on the doorposts and lintel) because Y’hovah saved them from physical Egyptian exile, as Yeshua (who is Y’hovah in human flesh) saves us from our spiritual Egyptian exile (in the world), and will do so again physically when the ‘greater Egypt’, the NWO and the Anti-Mashiyach Satanic system, imposes itself on us, demanding our worship. Our salvation and their salvation was, is and always will be by the same means: trusting Y’hovah to deliver on his promises by the instrumentality of his Mashiyach. Yeshua’s ONE offering both saves us and ATONES for us, making us all more than blameless before Avinu. He makes us clean. He reconciles us to Abba. We still need to repent and confess when we sin, but there is no more need for sacrifice to make us blameless. Our reconciliation and propitiation have been made. Q&C

Vv.7-9 – Paul is making another Midrashic point. He is quoting De.30.10-14 and applying it to going after Mashiyach. Mashiyach Yeshua IS Torah, so the application is absolutely valid (as if it needed my endorsement, eh?). The point of the whole passage is that those who were in the wilderness (like us) and about to go into the Promised Land (like us) had Mashiyach right there in their hearts and minds in the form of Torah for the purpose that they (and we) obey it and him. Look at De.30.10 and 14 again. What are we supposed to hearken to? The Voice of Y’hovah – the Memra. What is it that is very nigh? The Word – the Memra. Yeshua is the Memra of Y’hovah, his Word and his Voice. He was right there with them in the Shekinah.

So, in v.9, what is it that we confess? Y’hovah Yeshua haMashiyach, the Memra, the Voice and the Word of Y’hovah. What do we believe? That Elohim has raised Yeshua from the dead. A parallel passage to this is Phil.2.10-11,

10 That at the name of Yeshua every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; 11 And that every tongue should confess that Yeshua haMashiyach is Master, to the glory of יהוה the Father [Ayn Sof].

That is another Midrashic application of Is.45.23 to Yeshua. That passage from Isaiah is also recited every day by the Orthodox Jews in their Aleinu prayer (We shall extol). 

All the world’s inhabitants will recognize and know that to You every knee should bend, every tongue should swear (Isaiah 45:23). Before You, Y’hovah Elohenu, they will bend every knee and cast themselves down and to the glory of Your Name they will render homage and they will all accept upon themselves the yoke of Your kingship that You may reign over them soon and eternally.

For then shall the words be fulfilled, “Y’hovah shall be king forever” (Exodus 15:18) and “Yehovah shall be king over all the earth; on that day shall there be one Y’hovah and His Name one.” (Zechariah 14:9).

Paul is showing the Jews in Rome and in Philippi that Yeshua is the answer to that Aleinu prayer that they had been reciting for about 500 years by the time he wrote his epistles. 

Vv.10-13 – So which is the formula, confess and then believe (v.9) or believe and then confess (v.10)? The answer is … YES! They work in conjunction towards our justification – the one complementing the other, like soup and sandwich, spaghetti and meatballs, cheese and wine, Rowan and Martin, Martin and Lewis, Lewis and Sullivan, Starsky and Hutch, etc.

V.11 quotes Is.28.16, kind of, again. Isaiah says that he that believes shall not make haste. We spoke of this earlier. If we get ahead of Eloha, trying to help him out, like Avraham and Sarah did, we run the risk of messing it all up and Y’hovah will have to deliver us supernaturally, as he did Avraham and Sarah. They believed his promise, but were impatient for his fulfillment. This almost always spells trouble. The verse from Isaiah that Sha’ul misquoted midrashically at the end of ch.9, he misquotes again right here. Paul again makes it clear that Yeshua is the Rock of Offense. The important word in this verse is ‘whosoever’, because Sha’ul defines it in v.12 – No difference between Jew and Greek. Why? There is no difference because they each serve the same Y’hovah who calls them. Both Jew and Gentile are saved by calling on the same Y’hovah. So who calls upon whom? Yes! He calls us to call upon him. Q&C

Vv.14-18 – Paul is still speaking of Israel, his brethren after the flesh. But he is making the case here that ‘they’ are without excuse, which is the reason he is torn up about their having missed Mashiyach Yeshua and the Kingdom that he offered. They were thinking in the pre-conceptions of their rabbis, much like I used to think in the pre-conceptions that I learned in Bible school. I thank Y’hovah every day that he didn’t let me finish and go on to Cemetery, where they add a lot of hardener to the mud. I had an instructor who said, “Gentlemen, your minds are moosh. It shall be my job to form and aggregate them.” He was going to take my soft heart and shape it the way HE wanted and make that form unbreakable, i.e., hard. The rhetorical questions Paul is asking here are not to the Roman Xians whom he is trying to encourage to preach Yeshua to the Jewish unbelievers, though that may also be a valid application. It is to prove that Israel after the flesh KNEW what their calling was and that they failed in it. 

Israel was to be different from the nations in a number of ways to show that they served a different Elohim. The things that made them distinctive were designed to make the nations jealous. If Israel would DO what Y’hovah told them and maintain the distinctions, Y’hovah would bless them beyond reason. The blessings would be so readily apparent that the pagans would naturally want to know why and Israel would be able to do the work of the evangelist: “We serve the Elohim of the universe, not a local deity. We plow the same ground that you plow, but we have a garden and you have a desert because the Elohim we serve blesses us with abundance for no other reason than that we serve him and are called by His Name.” 

Is that what Israel did? Some did I’m sure, but for the most part they were just like you and me – on again, off again. And the more they were off; the harder it was to turn them back on; corrosion on the wires or something. Have you ever tried to start your car when there is a great buildup of corrosion on the cables? Sin corrodes. You have to clean the connection before the juice can flow. When there’s sin on your heart, it needs to be cleaned so the Spirit can move through you. Yeshua cleans the crud. Israel’s pagan neighbors never much heard of Y’hovah because Israel kept the blessing to themselves. Instead of encouraging them to come to assemblies to learn of Y’hovah’s Torah, they shut them out. Do you see a ‘Court of the Gentiles’ anywhere in the blueprints for the Mishkan (tabernacle)? How about the Beit haMikdash (Temple)? Is Elohim the Elohim of the Jews only, Or of the Gentiles also? Yes, of the gentiles also (3.29). 

The idea was that people were to live for Y’hovah and show their distinction in their obedience and the blessings that accrued therefrom. This would engender jealousy and a desire for the same blessings. This would make the called out people of the nations ask. If the pagan comes to you to ask what is reason for the hope that is within you, he already believes that you have a knowledge that he needs and he wants that knowledge. Y’hovah has pre-qualified him for you. So you get to tell your pagan buddy about Y’hovah Yeshua. So you get to teach him Torah so he can go out and preach in the same manner, by his new and distinct lifestyle of obedience to Y’hovah. And the cycle will continue. 

The gospel we are preaching is the simplest thing in the world. Y’hovah has given all mankind a blueprint to follow. It is called Torah – instructions. If we follow the instructions, he blesses us. If we don’t follow the instructions, he curses us. Do all the people who are called by the Name of Y’hovah Yeshua obey? Will every pagan who asks obey? No way. But if they believe what you say about Y’hovah, they will obey; they will have Shalom with Y’hovah, and all the blessings that follow. And that will encourage them to keep on in obedience, which will bring the same blessings and perhaps even more. And that will bring people to them who want to know. And the cycle continues. 

‘Hearing’ in v.17 would be translated into Hebrew as ‘Shema’, which is not just receipt of an auditory message. It includes receipt and acknowledgement of the receipt by doing what the message says. Now Yisrael in v.18 DID Shema. All the earth heard their report. Some believed; some didn’t. When I say the whole earth heard, I mean the whole earth. During the reigns of David and Shlomo, the Israelite/Lebanese navies (Phoenicians) went all over the world. They set up cities in strategic places to keep the world’s treasures to themselves. Carthage was an Israelite garrison, as were Cadiz and Majorca (The Atlantic and Mediterranean sides of the Straits of Gibraltar, respectively). The Carthaginian navy guarded the Straits of Gibraltar to keep other Mediterranean powers IN, and the Atlantic powers OUT. As the Phoenician navy went all over the world, they carried the gospel of Shalom w/Y’hovah with them. Q&C

End of Shabbat Bible Study